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  1. 1. RosettaNet: Standards For E-Business Vacharaporn Suriyabhivadh Faculty of Commerce and Accountancy, Chulalongkorn University, Pra-ya-Thai Road, Bangkok 10330, Thailand ABSTRACT The paper aims to introduce advanced and efficient E-Business information technology standards for the world-wide entrepreneurs in several industries with expectation to improve the quality and efficiency of information transmission in Supply Chain Management. Many standards such as EDI (Electronic Data Interchange), RosettaNet and Web Service – an application on SOA(Service Oriented Architecture) are mainly studied and discussed. From the E - Connectivity survey conducted in 2006 ( by the Faculty of Commerce and Accountancy, Chulalongkorn University), RosettaNet, the non-profit standards which offer communication protocols for exchanging documents through standardized content format for the documents and describe products through its Partner Interface Process (PIP), were recommended to be the trendy standards for partner-to-partner E-Business exchange of information. It is hoped that the usage of RosettaNet will bring fruitful results in improving global supply chain, not only to the high-tech industry but also to other industries as well. Keywords: E-Business, Supply Chain Management, EDI, RosettaNet, SOA 1. Introduction Doing business successfully at world class level amidst the very high competitive environment depends on many factors such as strategic planning, good marketing mix, teaming, clean data and proper application of Statistics and above all having the efficient Information Technology system. The wise words commonly reminded to all entrepreneurs - the faster, the more success- is still true. But what these words meant to attack? Currently, it must be the Information Technology (or IT) that is aimed for. IT system mainly consists of four typical components i.e. hardware, software, peopleware and dataware and to make success in using IT, all these four things have to go hand-in hand or well collaborate to build the good and up-to-date information. This information from the data processing is comparable to the weapon for fighting in the battle of economic and business competitions. Good and fast information will support the right and timely decision making in doing business leading to the victory upon the competitions. IT standards, the technical representation of a business conversation between two entities, either internal or external are needed to describe the format that enable all computers that are connected in the same IT system, to speak in the same language and create understanding among businesses. In general most of the IT standards are independent of communication and software technologies and can be transmitted using any methodology agreed to by the sender and recipient. Supply Chain management (SCM), the name given by consultant Keith Oliver of Booz Allen Hamilton consulting firm in 1982, is the process involves coordinating and flows of materials, information and finances as they move in supplier to Vacharaporn Suriya-bhivadh Faculty of Commerce & Accountancy Dept. of Statistics Chulalongkorn Univ.,Bangkok,Thailand
  2. 2. RosettaNet: Standards For E-Business manufacturer then to wholesaler, to retailer and finally to customer. Not only communication, inventory management, warehousing and transportation but Supply Chain system activities also include facility location. All these activities have been performed since the start of commercial activity and it is difficulty to visualize any product that could reach a customer without logistical support. Logistics and Supply Chain Management is unique, but to some degree, represents a paradox because it is concerned with one of the oldest and also the most newly discovered activities of business. Yet it is only a few last years that the companies have started focusing on Logistics and Supply Chain Management as a source of competitive advantage. There is a realization that no company can do any better than its Logistics and SCM system. These become even more important given that life cycles of the products are shrinking and business competition is intense. At present Logistics and Supply Chain Management represent great challenge as well as tremendous opportunity for most firms. Globalization of Economics and Electronic Business or E-Business has raised the strategic of Supply Chain management and created new opportunities for using supply chain strategy and planning as a competitive tool. E-Business and its Supply Chain Management not only has created new distribution channels for consumers but also revolutionized the industrial market place by facilitate inter-company communication and by creating efficient markets through trading communities. Moreover the combination of enterprise information infrastructure, Internet and IT standards has also paved the way for more efficient Supply Chain Management System. Some applications on SCM system are based on open data models that support the sharing of data both inside and outside the enterprise. This shared data may reside in diverse database systems or data warehouses, at different sites. By sharing the upstream data (suppliers) and downstream (Customers) through IT system, SCM applications have the potential to improve the time-to-market of products, reduce costs and allow all parties in the supply chain to better manage current resource and plan for future needs. The next topic will discuss about the IT standards, solutions and technical methodologies mostly used in E-Business nowadays and then follow by the summarized describe about the survey of E-Connectivity (2006) from which the result concluded that the non-profit RosettaNet standards should be recommended for using in the Supply Chain Management system in both high-tech and non-high tech globally industry. 2 IT Standards and Solutions in E-Business Supply Chain management There are a lot of standards and solutions using in E-Business Supply Chain management system for all industries today. However no single standard or solution is perfect for any industry and the business has to explore and choose what is best for their use. This section devoted to the discussion on each well-accepted IT standards or solution using in E-Business Supply Chain system at present. Enterprise Resource Planning (ERP), Electronic Data Interchange (EDI), RosettaNet standards and Web Service which is one of the applications on Service Oriented Architecture (SOA) will be mainly discussed here. Vacharaporn Suriya-bhivadh 2 Faculty Of Commerce and Accountancy Dept. Of Statistics Chulalongkorn Univ.,Bangkok,Thailand
  3. 3. RosettaNet: Standards For E-Business 2.1 Enterprise Resource Planning (ERP) Enterprise Resource Planning (ERP) is the integrated software or solution that attempts to integrate all data and processes of an organization into a unified system. A key ingredient of most ERP systems is the use of one unique database to store data for the various system modules. Although the ERP originated in the manufacturing environment, today's use of the ERP systems has much broader scope of applications. The ERP software systems typically attempt to cover all basic business functions of an organization such as payroll and accounting. It may be noted that to be considered an ERP system, a software package generally would only need to provide functionality in a single package that would normally be covered by two or more systems. For example, a software package that provides both payroll and accounting functions would be considered an ERP software package. The introduction of an ERP system to replace two or more independent applications eliminates the need for external interfaces previously required between systems. ERP provides additional benefits that range from standardization and lower maintenance of the system and to make it easier and greater reporting capabilities as all data is typically kept in one database. Some business organizations typically those with sufficient in-house IT skills to integrate multiple software products, choose to implement only portions of an ERP system such as Resource Planning and Financial control. Then they develop an external interface to other ERP or stand-alone systems for their other application needs. ERP security function helps to prevent abuse as well. In the absence of an ERP system, business may find themselves with many software applications that do not talk to each other and do not effectively interface. Therefore ERP’s advantage lies mainly in the improvement of efficiency of business workflow through one database. ERP has some limitations too. Many problems organizations have with ERP systems are due to inadequate investment in ongoing training for involved personnel, including those implementing and testing changes, as well as a lack of corporate policy protecting the integrity of the data in the ERP systems and how it is used. It is believed that E-Business also face these problems especially those in SME areana. Vacharaporn Suriya-bhivadh 3 Faculty Of Commerce and Accountancy Dept. Of Statistics Chulalongkorn Univ.,Bangkok,Thailand
  4. 4. RosettaNet: Standards For E-Business 2.2 Electronic Data Interchange (EDI) EDI is another well known standard using in transmission of information between businesses. The standard has been utilized for over two decades in big industries and though most small to medium companies would not choose to use EDI on their own, pressured from larger trading partners or hubs often force them to use EDI. EDI is defined as a set of standards for structuring information to be electronically interchanged between and within business and within this standards describes the structure that emulate document such as purchase orders to automate purchasing. There is a perception that EDI consists of the entire electronic data interchange prototype including transmission, message flow, document format and software for interpret the documents. EDI standards were designed to be independent of communication and software technologies. EDI can be transmitted by using the methodology agreed upon the sender and the recipient. A variety of technologies such Modem, FTP, Email, HTTP or AS2 can be used. As more trading partners use the Internet for transmission, new protocols for EDI emerged , for example RFC3335 by the Internet Engineering Task Force(IETF) in 2002 that secure method for transferring EDI data via Email. There is also a protocol for embedding EDI documents into XML (Extended Markup Language) which remarkably reduce cost in data transmission in the SCM system. There are two major sets of EDI standards: the traditional EDI or UN/CEFACT which is recommended by the United Nations and it has been predominant in many industries using VAN(Value Added Network). Another one is Internet EDI or UN/CEFACT or ebXML (E-Business Extended Mark Up Language) using Internet transmission. Both of these standards prescribe the formats, character sets, and data elements used in the exchange of business documents and forms. EDI allows business to take the benefits of storing and manipulating data electronically without the cost of manual entry or scanning. But one of the barriers for the business to adopt electronic data interchange is the changing of accompanying business process and the cost in time and money in the initial set-up. Despite being relatively unheralded and error prone, EDI is still the data format used by the vast majority of E-Business transactions in the world. 2.3 RosettaNet Standards In this section we will start by looking back a little bit at the E-Business history, RosettaNet and EDI, origins and goal of RosettaNet. We will as well discuss about RosettaNet and ebXML to make more clear understanding of RosettaNet standards. Vacharaporn Suriya-bhivadh 4 Faculty Of Commerce and Accountancy Dept. Of Statistics Chulalongkorn Univ.,Bangkok,Thailand
  5. 5. RosettaNet: Standards For E-Business 2.3.1 E-Business History, RosettaNet and EDI When looking at the history of E-Business, the goal of B2B integration is to automate business processes in order to reduce the traditional processing delays and inefficiencies associated with manual processes. Considering E-Commerce, or in a broader view - E-Business, as the networking of business communities and digitalization of business information, then EDI is widely perceived as processing information between trading partners by establishing a standard data transmission protocol. Large organizations have been investing in the development of EDI since the 1960s but not until the 80s that it gains reasonable acceptance. However EDI has never reached the level of popularity of web-based E-Business for several reasons: 1. The high cost of EDI prohibited Small and Medium-sized Enterprises (SMEs) from using EDI 2. Slow development of standards hindered the growth of EDI. 3. The complexity of developing EDI applications limited its adoption to a narrow user base. 4. EDI solutions introduced their own maintenance and administrative overheads. The EDI troubles and the advance of information technology have allowed new approaches to solve the problems posed by B2B integration, in the area of Supply Chain Management, RosettaNet has been given its birth. Founded in the U.S. in February 1998, RosettaNet is an independent, non-profit consortium of more than 500 organizations. These organizations include some of the world's leading electronic components, computer and consumer electronics, semiconductor manufacturing, telecommunications, and logistics companies. In 2002, RosettaNet and the Uniform Code Council, Inc. (UCC) merged to boost the adoption and development of open E- Business process standards across the industries served by these two organizations. 2.3.2 Origins of RosettaNet Name and Goal of RosettaNet The name RosettaNet was derived from the Rosetta stone, which was discovered in the country of Egypt in 1799. The stone, dated back to 196 B.C., was found near the town of Rosetta (Rashid) and was inscribed with the same message in two different languages and in three different scripts. Using the Greek language, scholars were able to decipher these ancient inscriptions. So the name, RosettaNet is used to mean a business protocol that enables enterprises to overcome the barriers to conduct Vacharaporn Suriya-bhivadh 5 Faculty Of Commerce and Accountancy Dept. Of Statistics Chulalongkorn Univ.,Bangkok,Thailand
  6. 6. RosettaNet: Standards For E-Business business over the Internet by establishing a global language for communication among E-Businesses. The principal goals of RosettaNet focus on the supply chain and its optimization by improving efficiency and performance to enhanced the performance of E-Business. The RosettaNet standards aim to facilitate speed, efficiency and reliability to enable greater collaboration and communication between trading partners. RosettaNet provides a common platform of communication, or a common language, that allows the different trading partners involved in a business process to automate that process and to talk to each other over the Internet. This common platform cut down one of the major overheads cost of EDI. IT departments of trading partners in the business process have to design, implement, and test a custom business process for each trading partner they interact with. Unlike EDI and earlier E-Business efforts, RosettaNet has been designed from the ground up to incorporate security and on- demand integration. This allows the traditional batch processing of business transactions, which could take days, to be processed in minutes. The chief difference between EDI and RosettaNet is that EDI exchanges documents between companies, while RosettaNet defines business processes across the network and integrates them to determine the best course of action. Numerous researches have shown that RosettaNet offers a variety of benefits over EDI. The most commonly cited benefits are: 1. an easier implementation 2. more cost efficient with a greater return on investment (ROI) 3. the ability to automate a greater number of business processes 4. real-time transaction handling 5. greater scalability 2.3.3 RosettaNet Standards RosettaNet standards is a robust, nonproprietary solution for E-Business standardization and freely available to the public through the RosettaNet web site. The standards are developed with the collaboration and expertise of leading high-tech companies worldwide. Fixing to these standards trading partners, solutions providers, and systems integrators can leverage this expertise and experience. Trading partners can benefit RosettaNet by a global framework of repeatable specifications and automation of real-time, server-to-server transactions, which enhances global Vacharaporn Suriya-bhivadh 6 Faculty Of Commerce and Accountancy Dept. Of Statistics Chulalongkorn Univ.,Bangkok,Thailand
  7. 7. RosettaNet: Standards For E-Business transaction visibility and consistency across the entire supply chain. RosettaNet also make trading partners reduce costs and respond to customer requests faster and promote efficient, high-integrity data processing. The standards cover the following core areas: 1. Partner Interface Processes (PIPs) 2. The RosettaNet Implementation Framework 3. RosettaNet Business and Technical Dictionaries And we will discuss only PIPs here. Partner Interface Processes (PIPs) Partner Interface Process (PIPs) are used to identify the business processes in every level of the supply chain. They are a set of generic, standardized processes that could serve as the basis for, business-to-business alignment. PIPs aim to encapsulate business processes by specifying the structure and format of business documents as well as the activities, actions, and roles for each trading partner. In simple terms PIPs can be defined as the composition and message content exchanged with trading partners. RosettaNet PIPs give the trading partners the flexibility to implement the specifications themselves or to purchase third-party products without overheads cost. RosettaNet divides the entire E-Business supply chain ‘s PIPs into seven groups and called each group "cluster". PIPs have an eighth cluster that is used for administrative purposes. The clusters are: 1. RosettaNet Support: Provides administrative function. 2. Partner Product and Service Review: Allows information collection, maintenance, and distribution for the development of trading-partner profiles and product-information subscriptions. 3. Product Information: Enables the distribution and periodic update of product and design information including product change notices and detailed technical specifications. 4. Order Management: Supports the full order-management business area, from price , delivery quoting, purchase order, status report, order invoice, payment, and discrepancy notification Vacharaporn Suriya-bhivadh 7 Faculty Of Commerce and Accountancy Dept. Of Statistics Chulalongkorn Univ.,Bangkok,Thailand
  8. 8. RosettaNet: Standards For E-Business 5. Inventory Management: Enables inventory management, including collaboration, replenishment, price protection, reporting, and allocation of constrained products. 6. Marketing Information Management: Enables communication of marketing information, campaign plans, lead information, and design registration. 7. Service and Support: Provides post-sales technical support, service warranty support, and asset management 8. Manufacturing: Enables the exchange of design, configuration, process, quality, other manufacturing information Each cluster is made up of two or more segments. Segments are groups of related functions. For example, cluster 3: Order Management, has segments to manage quote and order entry as well as transportation and distribution. Segments are further divided into PIPs, which define one or more Activities, which in turn specify Actions. 2.3.4 RosettaNet and ebXML Let's look at RosettaNet and ebXML, the other XML-based E-Business initiatives.. ebXML is described as a horizontal B2B standard, meaning a set of specifications that is common to all E-Business and it is generally not specific to any particular sector or industry. RosettaNet, on the other hand, is a vertical standard; it focuses on the needs of specific industries for example, electronic components manufacturers) and the business area of supply chain automation and optimization. Since there may seem to have been some duplication and convergence of the specifications in these standards. Perhaps the best way to distinguish these two standards from one another is to consider RosettaNet as a vertical plugging into to horizontal ebXML. A good example of this is the use of the ebXML Business Process Specification Schema (BPSS) to describe PIPs. 2.4 Web Service – Application of Service Oriented Architecture(SOA) Web service as a software system designed to support interoperability between Machine - to - Machine (M2M) interaction over a network. Web service is frequently just a Web Application Programming Interface (Web API) that can be accessed over a Vacharaporn Suriya-bhivadh 8 Faculty Of Commerce and Accountancy Dept. Of Statistics Chulalongkorn Univ.,Bangkok,Thailand
  9. 9. RosettaNet: Standards For E-Business network, such as the Internet and executed on a remote system hosting the requested services. In general, API is a computer source code interface that a computer system provides to support requests for services made by a computer program. The World Wide Web Consortium (W3C) has given the definition of Web Service that encompasses many different systems, but in common usage the term refers to clients and servers that communicate XML (Extensible Markup Language) messages that follow the SOAP-standard which is a protocol for exchanging XML – based message over networks. A machine readable description of the operations supported by the server is also needed when using Web Service and it is called WSDL or the Web Service Description Language. WSDL is, as well, an XML – based and it offers the service description on how to communicate when using the Web Services. WSDL is used in combination with SOAP and XML Schema to provide Web Service on the Internet. The following picture technically describe about Web Service cycle. UDDI (Universal Description Discovery and Integration) is a platform independent XML based registry for worldwide business to list their names on the Internet. UDDI is designed to be interrogated by SOAP messages and to provide access to WSDL documents that explain the protocol bindings and message formats required to interact with the web service listed in its directory. Service Oriented Architecture (SOA) is an architecture that relies on service- orientation as its fundamental design principle. Service-orientation describes an architecture that uses loosely coupled services to support the requirements of business processes and users. Resources on network under an SOA environment are made available as independent services that can be accessed without knowledge of their Vacharaporn Suriya-bhivadh 9 Faculty Of Commerce and Accountancy Dept. Of Statistics Chulalongkorn Univ.,Bangkok,Thailand
  10. 10. RosettaNet: Standards For E-Business underlying platform implementation. These concepts can be applied to business, software and other types of producer/consumer. Web Service can be used to implement an architecture according to SOA concepts and it is often referred to as message – oriented services. SOA Web Service is always supported by most major software vendors and software analysts. RosettaNet and Web Service always be seated together. The term Web services technically means using SOAP and WSDL to describe and access services over the network. Many organizations benefits of using Web services to implement their business processes. The open standards on which Web services are based, the SOA approach, and the degree of flexibility of implementation allows reuse of existing infrastructure and skills. All this sounds very familiar, and at this point you may ask, "If I can implement my business processes using Web services, why should I have to use RosettaNet?" To answer this question we first need to gain an understanding of the difference between public and private processes. A business process consists of a set of steps. The RosettaNet Implementation Framework (RNIF) defines private processes as business processes that are internal to the organization and public processes as involving interactions with trading partners. Let's consider a simple business process: requesting a quote. The customer issues a request for a quote from a supplier by sending a message that contains the specifications of the products. The supplier checks for the availability of the items in the inventory, and if it can meet the requirements of the quote, it sends the quote back to the customer. If the supplier cannot meet the requirements of the quote, it may identify another supplier for the customer. In this case, a referral is sent to the customer. To check the availability of items in the supplier's inventory and identifying alternative suppliers are internal processes that are not visible to the customer and do not involve trading partners. Such processes are therefore private. Typically, organizations use their internal custom implementations standards. They could utilize Java, CORBA, Web services, or any combination of legacy technologies. By the way, the event that customer issues a request to the supplier; is a public process. The problem of using Web services alone to implement this step is not a clearly defined dialog between trading partners, so the business runs into one of the key problems like that faced by EDI and the business would have a different implementation for every Vacharaporn Suriya-bhivadh 10 Faculty Of Commerce and Accountancy Dept. Of Statistics Chulalongkorn Univ.,Bangkok,Thailand
  11. 11. RosettaNet: Standards For E-Business trading partner wanting to deal with. By using Web service implementation of this public process connected to RosettaNet standards, the company can request a quote from any number of trading partners that do the same, without having to reinvent the wheel every time. RosettaNet and Web services are therefore complimentary. Web services serve as an excellent implementation mechanism for the RNIF. However, it is not restricted to using Web services as an implementation for RosettaNet. Private business processes but can be with any suitable technology including Web services to ensure that public processes adhere to RosettaNet specifications. 4. E – Connectivity Survey (2006) 4.1 Introduction to the Survey and Review Literature The Faculty of commerce and Accountancy, Chulalongkorn University, Bangkok, Thailand has conducted the E – Connectivity Survey during April 2006 to November 2006. The objectives of the survey are to study technical data and IT standards that are suitable for networking and communication within the Supply Chain Management system in Electric and Electronic industry by collecting primary data inside and outside the country. Starting from review literature, it was found that, at present, there were varieties of IT standards used for networking in all of the world - wide industries but for the Electric and Electronics industry, only three IT standards were in use. They were EDI, RosettaNet and UN/CEFACT. All industries in the world were attempting to build their own IT standards which developed on the capability of XML or Extensible Markup Language. In the overall view, every Supply Chain in more than a thousand Electric and Electronic companies had used RosettaNet Standards in their E – Business operations. So it is quite clear and confirmed that RosettaNet has been well accepted among the entrepreneurs within this industry while ebXML Standards and UN/CEFACT are used only in some extents. EDI standards had been extensively used in the Customs area to manage mostly about the in-flow and out-flow of documents and it is anticipated that sooner or later ebXML will be completely replaced EDI. 4.2 Data Collection Vacharaporn Suriya-bhivadh 11 Faculty Of Commerce and Accountancy Dept. Of Statistics Chulalongkorn Univ.,Bangkok,Thailand
  12. 12. RosettaNet: Standards For E-Business The survey has collected the data from the entrepreneurs in the industry of electrics and electronics, both in Thailand and outside the country. Three international Electric and Electronics companies are purposively selected as sample units. They were Samsung Electronics in the Republic of South Korea, Hua -Wei Technology Company of China and Dell Asia Pacific Company, Penang, Malaysia. It was found that the big three companies all had utilized modern efficient IT and Supply Chain management system. ERP and RosettaNet standards had been used a great deal in exchange business data between business partners, that is, company and suppliers, and, company and customers. Within the country, data collection has been made through Focus Group and depth interview along the well - prepared questions on questionnaires. This step of data collection is often called technology scan. Fifteen electric and fourteen electronic companies in Thailand were chosen purposively for depth-interview by the content along the questions prepared on the questionnaire. Nine general including electric and electronic companies were invited for the focus group discussion about IT system and the SCM standards used at the moment. 4.3 Data Analysis and Results The sampled companies were asked about the investments in any IT technologies during the past four years from 2006 and about the plan to invest in the next four years from 2006. If they had already invested for the past four years from present (year 2006) in Linux,for example, then -4 will be coded as the responded data or 3 will be coded if they had plan to invest or use Linux in the next three years . Under this concept, the research had some significant results shown as the following pictures. Vacharaporn Suriya-bhivadh 12 Faculty Of Commerce and Accountancy Dept. Of Statistics Chulalongkorn Univ.,Bangkok,Thailand
  13. 13. RosettaNet: Standards For E-Business Linux 100% 80% 60% 40% 20% 0% -4 -3 -2 -1 0 1 2 3 4 NA % used Linux up to 2006 % will use from 2007 Figure ١: Linux Investment Thin Client 100% 80% 60% 40% 20% 0% -4 -3 -2 -1 0 1 2 3 4 NA % used up to 2006 % will use from 2007 Client_Server 100% 80% 60% 40% 20% 0% -4 -3 -2 -1 0 1 2 3 4 NA Figure ٢: Thin Client & Client-Server Investment Internet 100% 80% 60% 40% 20% 0% -4 -3 -2 -1 0 1 2 3 4 NA Vacharaporn Suriya-bhivadh 13 Faculty Of Commerce and Accountancy Dept. Of Statistics Chulalongkorn Univ.,Bangkok,Thailand
  14. 14. RosettaNet: Standards For E-Business Extranet 100% 80% 60% 40% 20% 0% -4 -3 -2 -1 0 1 2 3 4 NA EDI 100% 80% 60% 40% 20% 0% -4 -3 -2 -1 0 1 2 3 4 NA RosettaNet 100% 80% 60% 40% 20% 0% -4 -3 -2 -1 0 1 2 3 4 NA Web Services 100% 80% 60% 40% 20% 0% -4 -3 -2 -1 0 1 2 3 4 NA % Used up to 2006 % will use from2007 Figure ٣: Internet, Extranet, EDI, RosettaNet and Web Services Investment ERP Integrated 3 module 100% 80% 60% 40% 20% 0% -4 -3 -2 -1 0 1 2 3 4 NA Vacharaporn Suriya-bhivadh 14 Faculty Of Commerce and Accountancy Dept. Of Statistics Chulalongkorn Univ.,Bangkok,Thailand
  15. 15. RosettaNet: Standards For E-Business Figure ٤ : ERP Software (At least ٣ modules Integration) From figure ٣, it can be seen that ninety percent of all sampled companies revealed that they had used Internet and ٤٠% used Extranet and fewer than ٢٠% of the samples used and would use Web services. Looking to RosettaNet Standards, less than ٥ percent had used with the reasons of the lacking the IT personnel and good IT infrastructure. However, the samples referred RosettaNet as the interesting IT standards that they would like to invest for their SCM system within the next four years. Figure ٤ shows that ERP software that integrated at least three modules had been in used in supply chain and still more invest in the next four years. ٤.٤ Research Conclusions and Recommends Results from the survey have shown that RosettaNet standards are attracted by the entrepreneurs of the electric and electronics industry. Thai RosettaNet Association recently had launched many conferences to update about RosettaNet standards such as E-Business Standards for Global Supply Chain, RosettaNet and E-Business Success in ٢٠٠٦. Knowledge and comments about the standards from these conferences have boosted the awareness among the entrepreneurs in Thailand about the efficiency lying in RosettaNet standards and the consequence is, RosettaNet standards adoption had been put in the industry’s supply chain plans. The guidelines suggested in this E – Connectivity survey was the government should develop and activate the national strategic plans about building and supplying the good IT infrastructure for all people as soon as possible. Together with the strategic plans, promoting the use of the non-profit RosettaNet standards in all industries within the country should also be adopted. Adopting the RosettaNet Standards is hoped to enhance and upgrade Thailand’s industry standard to be comparable to that of the world-wide business. ٥. Conclusion Vacharaporn Suriya-bhivadh 15 Faculty Of Commerce and Accountancy Dept. Of Statistics Chulalongkorn Univ.,Bangkok,Thailand
  16. 16. RosettaNet: Standards For E-Business Standards, solutions and related technologies such as EDI, ERP, RosettaNet and Web Services have been discussed for the use in the supply chain of global E-Business. Each has its own outstanding efficiency in facilitating the communication and information flow within and outside the business but there is a perception that RosettaNet standards are quite appropriate for the supply chain of the global industries. E-Connectivity research in ٢ ٠ ٠ ٦ had confirmed that RosettaNet be the trendy standards for E-Business exchange of information. However, since the samples had been selected purposely as oppose to the statistically randomization, the result application should be applied within limit of the sampled population. Taking consideration about the randomization matter will guide to the safe and sound apply of the research results. References RosettaNet Standards.November ٢٠ ٠٦. Wikipedia Business Intelligence. November ٢٠٠٦. October ٢٠٠٦. ebXML(PaperlessCustoms) October ٢٠٠٦. ٢b-ebXML.html.E-Commerce with ebXML. October ٢٠٠٦. . . What is Intranet?. June ٢٠٠٦. Ayers, James B.Handbook of Supply Chain Management. St. Lucie Press & APICS .٢ ٠٠١. Burt, David N.,Donald W. Dobler& Stephen L/ Starling. World Class Supply Management, McGraw Hill. ٢٠٠٤. Janner, T., A. Schmidt, C. Schroth, G. Stuhec.From EDI to UN/EDFACT: An Evolutionary Path Towards a Next Generation e-Business Framework.September ٢ Vacharaporn Suriya-bhivadh 16 Faculty Of Commerce and Accountancy Dept. Of Statistics Chulalongkorn Univ.,Bangkok,Thailand
  17. 17. RosettaNet: Standards For E-Business ٠٠٦. Hintlian, J.T., R.E. Mann, and P. Churchman. E-Fulfillment Challenge – The Holy Grail of B ٢C and B ٢B E-Commerce. ASCET.Vol. ٢٠٠٠ .٣. pp. ٢٧٤-٢٧٠. Hugos, Michael. Essentials of Supply Chain Management. Wiley. ٢٠٠٣. Kumaran, S., Y.Huang & J. Chung. A Framework-Based Approach to Building Private Trading Exchanges. IBM Systems Journal. July ٢٠٠٢. Monczka, Robert, Robert Trent & Robert Handfield. Purchasing and Supply Chain Management. Third Edition, Thomson.٢٠٠٥. OASIS. November ٢٠٠٦. Stevenson, William J. Operations Management. Ninth Edition.McGraw-Hill. ٢٠٠٦. Turban, Efraim, David King, Dennis Viehland, and Jae Lee. Electronic Commerce. Fourth Edition, Pearson,٢٠٠٥ Vacharaporn Suriya-bhivadh 17 Faculty Of Commerce and Accountancy Dept. Of Statistics Chulalongkorn Univ.,Bangkok,Thailand