Battle Of Antietam

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Battle Of Antietam

  1. 1. Crossroads of Freedom Battle of Antietam By: Kyle Pollitt Wordpress.com
  2. 2. The Pendulum of War (1861-1862) <ul><li>Southern Confederate armies need only defend the area it already possessed </li></ul><ul><li>Northern Union armies must invade, defeat, and occupy all of the Confederate states </li></ul><ul><li>Union forces outnumber Confederate forces but Union General McClellan was neither brave nor effective </li></ul><ul><li>Media on both sides exaggerate truth and predict winner to keep public encouraged </li></ul>aotw.org
  3. 3. The Pendulum of War (1861-1862) <ul><li>Britain and France not willing to declare Southern Confederate states as an independent country until they prove strength </li></ul><ul><li>Each side wins some battles, looses some battles </li></ul>Wikimedia.org
  4. 4. Taking Off the Kid Gloves (June - July 1862) <ul><li>Confederate General “Stonewall” Jackson wins battles with reckless strategies </li></ul><ul><li>Union Generals Pope and McClellan dislike each other and cause battle losses </li></ul>Reflectionsgallerytn.com
  5. 5. Taking Off the Kid Gloves (June - July 1862) <ul><li>Lincoln gets tough and adds more Union troops </li></ul><ul><li>Emancipation Proclamation drafted </li></ul>kidport.com
  6. 6. “The Federals Got a Very Complete Smashing” <ul><li>Union loses all battles and retreats to Washington </li></ul><ul><li>McClellan takes over Union armies to boost moral but Northern people tired of fighting and losing </li></ul>heritage-history.com
  7. 7. “The Federals Got a Very Complete Smashing” <ul><li>General Lee reads daily newspapers, north and south, and develops strategies using editorial information </li></ul><ul><li>Europe predicts Union defeat but waits before siding with Confederates </li></ul>Sonofthesouth.net
  8. 8. Showdown at Sharpsburg <ul><li>Confederates change war plan from defending own territory to invading Union border states </li></ul><ul><li>Marylanders don’t welcome confederate troops but cheer and help Union forces </li></ul><ul><li>Communication causes problems and General Lee loses a copy of battle plans </li></ul>Civilwarnews.com
  9. 9. Showdown at Sharpsburg <ul><li>September 16-17, 1862 brought General McClellan fighting General Lee outside the town of Sharpsburg, VA along the Antietam Creek </li></ul><ul><li>This battle was the bloodiest one day battle in American history </li></ul><ul><li>Lee retreated although McClellan mishandled the whole battle and should have chased Lee </li></ul>Wikimedia.org
  10. 10. The Beginning of the End <ul><li>Newspaper media from the north and south each claim Antietam/Sharpsburg victory </li></ul><ul><li>Two more losses by confederates cause southerners to lose hope. </li></ul><ul><li>Lincoln delivers Emancipation Proclamation and defines war as anti-slavery cause </li></ul>howstuffworks.com
  11. 11. The Beginning of the End <ul><li>Britain and France no longer consider intervention </li></ul><ul><li>Lincoln and republicans retain government control after elections </li></ul><ul><li>McClellan is removed from union command because of his repeated cautiousness </li></ul>amazing-planet.net
  12. 12. Sources <ul><li>McPherson, Jame s M. “Crossroads of Freedom; Antietam” </li></ul><ul><li>http://boudicabpi.files.wordpress.com/2008/04/battle-of-antietam_n1731.jpg </li></ul><ul><li>http://behind.aotw.org/wp-content/uploads/2009/09/antietam_levy.jpg </li></ul><ul><li>http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/f/f8/Antietam,_Maryland._Confederate_soldiers_1862.jpg </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.reflectionsgallerytn.com/framework/troiani/battery_longstreet_lg.gif </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.kidport.com/RefLIb/UsaHistory/CivilWar/Images/Lincoln4a40254r.jpg </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.heritage-history.com/books/morris/american2/front1.gif </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.sonofthesouth.net/leefoundation/robert-e-lee-pictures/General-Robert-e-lee.jpg </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.civilwarnews.com/galleries/antietam1/images/antietam-01.jpg </li></ul><ul><li>http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/0/0e/Antietam_Battle_Map.png </li></ul><ul><li>http://static.howstuffworks.com/gif/gburg-23.jpg </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.amazing-planet.net/slike/american-civil-war-art/battle_of_antietam.jpg </li></ul>

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