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Battle Of Antietam


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Battle Of Antietam

  1. 1. Crossroads of Freedom Battle of Antietam By: Kyle Pollitt
  2. 2. The Pendulum of War (1861-1862) <ul><li>Southern Confederate armies need only defend the area it already possessed </li></ul><ul><li>Northern Union armies must invade, defeat, and occupy all of the Confederate states </li></ul><ul><li>Union forces outnumber Confederate forces but Union General McClellan was neither brave nor effective </li></ul><ul><li>Media on both sides exaggerate truth and predict winner to keep public encouraged </li></ul>
  3. 3. The Pendulum of War (1861-1862) <ul><li>Britain and France not willing to declare Southern Confederate states as an independent country until they prove strength </li></ul><ul><li>Each side wins some battles, looses some battles </li></ul>
  4. 4. Taking Off the Kid Gloves (June - July 1862) <ul><li>Confederate General “Stonewall” Jackson wins battles with reckless strategies </li></ul><ul><li>Union Generals Pope and McClellan dislike each other and cause battle losses </li></ul>
  5. 5. Taking Off the Kid Gloves (June - July 1862) <ul><li>Lincoln gets tough and adds more Union troops </li></ul><ul><li>Emancipation Proclamation drafted </li></ul>
  6. 6. “The Federals Got a Very Complete Smashing” <ul><li>Union loses all battles and retreats to Washington </li></ul><ul><li>McClellan takes over Union armies to boost moral but Northern people tired of fighting and losing </li></ul>
  7. 7. “The Federals Got a Very Complete Smashing” <ul><li>General Lee reads daily newspapers, north and south, and develops strategies using editorial information </li></ul><ul><li>Europe predicts Union defeat but waits before siding with Confederates </li></ul>
  8. 8. Showdown at Sharpsburg <ul><li>Confederates change war plan from defending own territory to invading Union border states </li></ul><ul><li>Marylanders don’t welcome confederate troops but cheer and help Union forces </li></ul><ul><li>Communication causes problems and General Lee loses a copy of battle plans </li></ul>
  9. 9. Showdown at Sharpsburg <ul><li>September 16-17, 1862 brought General McClellan fighting General Lee outside the town of Sharpsburg, VA along the Antietam Creek </li></ul><ul><li>This battle was the bloodiest one day battle in American history </li></ul><ul><li>Lee retreated although McClellan mishandled the whole battle and should have chased Lee </li></ul>
  10. 10. The Beginning of the End <ul><li>Newspaper media from the north and south each claim Antietam/Sharpsburg victory </li></ul><ul><li>Two more losses by confederates cause southerners to lose hope. </li></ul><ul><li>Lincoln delivers Emancipation Proclamation and defines war as anti-slavery cause </li></ul>
  11. 11. The Beginning of the End <ul><li>Britain and France no longer consider intervention </li></ul><ul><li>Lincoln and republicans retain government control after elections </li></ul><ul><li>McClellan is removed from union command because of his repeated cautiousness </li></ul>
  12. 12. Sources <ul><li>McPherson, Jame s M. “Crossroads of Freedom; Antietam” </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li>,_Maryland._Confederate_soldiers_1862.jpg </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul>