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ANTH 4006 week 6 (public version).pdf

  1. ANTH 4006//SOCI 4850 ■ Week 6 ■ February 17, 2022 ■ “Critiques of western conservation/wildlife research”
  2. Last week’s materials ■ Quijano, Funez-Flores and perspectives on ‘decoloniality’ from perspective of Peruvian and Honduran scholars ■ Listening for sovereignty
  3. This week’s readings ■ 6. February 17: Critiques of western conservation/wildlife research ■ Mbaria, John & Mordecai Ogada. 2016. Chapter 2: “Conservation NGO’s Grand Delusion” in The Big Conservation Lie: The Untold Story of Wildlife Conservation in Kenya. Lens & Pens LLC ■ Rubis, June. 2020. “The orang utan is not an indigenous name: knowing and naming the maias as a decolonizing epistemology.“, Cultural Studies 34(5): https://www.tandfonline. com/doi/abs/10.1080/09502386.2020.1780281
  4. UN engagement with Indigenous peoples ■ “Indigenous peoples are inheritors and practitioners of unique cultures and ways of relating to people and the environment. They have retained social, cultural, economic and political characteristics that are distinct from those of the dominant societies in which they live. Despite their cultural differences, indigenous peoples from around the world share common problems related to the protection of their rights as distinct peoples. ■ Indigenous peoples have sought recognition of their identities, way of life and their right to traditional lands, territories and natural resources for years, yet throughout history, their rights have always been violated. Indigenous peoples today, are arguably among the most disadvantaged and vulnerable groups of people in the world. The international community now recognizes that special measures are required to protect their rights and maintain their distinct cultures and way of life. Find below a short history of the indigenous struggle in the international stage.”
  5. Class Activity ■ Let’s analyze the points raised by John Mbaria and Mordecai Ogada in their chapter this week: ■ Here are four guiding questions whenever you read an article or other academic material on Indigenous issues: – What is the issue described in the chapter? – Who is impacted by or perpetuating the issue? – What are the underlying power dynamics affecting the issue? – What role does Indigenous autonomy//sovereignty play in the issue?
  6. Conservation’s big lie – the whiteness and neocolonialism at the heart of western conservation
  7. Dr.Mordecai Ogada on current ‘biodiversity and conservation’ frameworks ■ 144-interview-with-kenyan-conservationist-dr-mordecai-ogada- on-conservation-trends-in-kenya/
  8. Dr June Rubis – maias – human relations in Sarawak, Borneo ■ “I, therefore, argue it is necessary to consider how we approach Indigenous naming, knowledges and stories in conservation work and also in our citational practices. It is these ideas of knowing the maias beyond ‘to protect’ but rather to connect, in place that maintains orang utan-human relations as more than an abstract(- ed) species with conservation value. In other words, we must know the maias beyond its mostly charismatic and conservation value, and carefully think through its embodied co-relations with place and Ibans or other Indigenous peoples living in same lands.” (Rubis, 2020)
  9. Environmental Non- Governmental Organizations are deeply connected to human rights abuses & neocolonialism ■
  10. Concepts like the ‘half earth’ hypothesis (EO Wilson) are a reimagining of land grabs as ‘ecological futurism’ ■ EO Wilson put forth a concept of the ‘half earth project’
  11. The Half-Earth project: repackaging colonialism and land grabs as ‘ecological futurism’ ■ “Half-Earth: Our Planet's Fight for Life is a 2016 book by the biologist E. O. Wilson, in which the author proposes that half of the Earth's surface should be designated a human-free natural reserve to preserve biodiversity.[1] Wilson noted that the term "Half- Earth" was coined for this concept by Tony Hiss in his Smithsonian article "Can the World Really Set Aside Half the Planet for Wildlife?"[2][3” ■ Source:
  12. EO Wilson – racist ideologies
  13. Weekly reflection question: Drawing on the guidance given by both of this week’s readings, how do we decolonize western conservation spaces?