Population Issues of Brazil Its Past, Present and Future Group members: Wayne Erica
History On April 22, 1500, a fleet led by navigator Pedro Cabral landed in Brazil and took possession of the land in the name of the king. Prince Pedro declared the country's independence from Portugal on 7 September 1822. The period of sugar-based economy (1530-c.1700) is known as the "Sugarcane Cycle" in Brazilian history. During the "The gold cycle " (18th century), gold mining and production became the main economic activity of the colonial Brazil. In December 1989, Fernando Collor de Mello became the first elected president by popular vote. Time Line 1500 1600 1700 1800 1900 2000
Impact Culture & Language: * Portuguese language * Roman Catholicism * Colonial architectural styles The culture was also strongly influenced by African, indigenous and non-Portuguese European cultures and traditions. The official language of Brazil is Portuguese which is spoken by almost all of the population and is virtually the only language used in newspapers, radio, television, and for business and administrative purposes. The core culture of Brazil is derived from Portuguese culture, because of its strong colonial ties with the Portuguese empire.
Brazil occupies a large area along the eastern coast of South America and includes much of the continent's interior. Brazil is the fifth largest country in the world with a total area of 8,514,876.599 square kilometers. Brazilian topography is also diverse and includes hills, mountains, plains, highlands, and scrublands. Major rivers include the Amazon, the world’s largest river in terms of volume of water. Geography of Brazil
Climate of Brazil Brazil climate is characterized by five climate regions: equatorial, tropical, semi-arid, highland tropical and subtropical. Most of Brazil experiences rainfall between 1,000 and 1,500 millimeters annually, with most rainfall occurring in summer. The climate of Brazil has a wide range of weather conditions across a large area, but most of the country is tropical.
Brazil is the largest national economy in Latin America and the world's tenth largest economy at market exchange rates. Ec on om y of Br az il Brazil's economy is diverse, encompassing agriculture, industry, and many services. Most technological research in Brazil is done in public universities and research institutes.
Land Use in Brazil The northern part of Brazil’s land is most for hunting, fishing and gathering. In the southern part of Brazil, land is mostly used for improved and unimproved grazing and commercial farming. Over the last decade, people had always been cutting down more tree. Recently, however, deforestation rate has decreased.
Demographics The population of Brazil in 2003 was 178, 470, 000, as the world’s fifth largest country in population. The population density in 2002 was 20 per square kilometer. 81% of the population lived in urban areas in 2001, up from 66% in 1980. Most of them live in the Atlantic coastal region.
<ul><ul><li>Population Issues </li></ul></ul>Poverty Visually represented by many slums. One of the world’s most economical inequal countries. Crimes Education With roughly 23.8 homicides per 100,000 residents, muggings, robberies, kidnappings and gang violence are common. School non-attendance by absence and malnutrition is one of the biggest educational problems in Brazil. Work under the age of 16 is forbidden by law, however Brazil has many cases of child labor.
<ul><ul><li>Alleviating the Problems </li></ul></ul>Poverty Crimes Education Provide the poor with housing allowance and insurance. Impose more tax on the rich people and profitable industries. Limit alcohol and drugs. Constitute better laws on compulsory education. Create more opportunities to get a job. Care the psychological health of the high incidence of crime groups Propaganda about how to get rid of poverty with education.