Andrew Green, Ph.D. Director- Environment, Health & Sustainability Zinc Nutrient Initiative
World Map – Zinc Deficiency Soils Humans
<ul><li>4-yr program  </li></ul><ul><li>Global effort with a focus in China & India </li></ul><ul><li>Goals:  </li></ul><u...
<ul><li>Demonstration crop trials </li></ul><ul><li>Communication activities </li></ul><ul><li>Workshops/seminars </li></u...
Demonstration Field Trails
Int’l  Zinc Assoc .  OMEX  Agrifluids Ltd .   England  Mosaic Co. USA  K+S  KALI  GmbH   Germany Harvest Plus Zinc Fertili...
Canada Germany Brazil Zimbabwe Zambia Mozambique South Africa Ethiopia Pakistan India Kazakhstan Iran Laos China Thailand ...
Average of all countries   -Zn:   26   +Zn: 50 Average Grain Zn Concentrations  (10 Countries with 32 locations) -Zn: 26 p...
IZA Crop Zinc Trials India  – 17 wheat and rice trials China  – 24 trials in 6 provinces with rice, wheat & maize Thailand...
There was an increase in grain yield  up to 20 % by Zn application in the experimental sites of the Nakorn Nayok and Chian...
Zinc Applications improved rice grain yield up to 30 % in some locations of  the Orissa State INDIA
Zinc Applications improved wheat  grain yield, on average,  9 % in 6 locations of  the Uttar Pradesh and Haryana States
Zinc Applications improved wheat  grain yield ,  on average ,   7 % in 3 locations of  Punjab State
Zinc Applications improved rice grain yield, on average, 9 % in 4 locations of  the Punjab State
No change in maize grain yield in South Africa by Zn applications; but grain Zn was increased up to 20 %
Zinc Applications improved rice grain yield 20 % in 2 locations of Sichaun, China
Zinc is essential for crops +Zn -Zn
But… <ul><li>Quality of zinc products a critical issue </li></ul><ul><li>As, Pb and Cd reported in micronutrient fertilize...
Code of Practice needed <ul><li>ensure the safe and sustainable use of zinc-fertilizer products </li></ul><ul><li>ensure q...
Two key goals of CoP <ul><li>safe & sustainable product </li></ul><ul><li>Limits achievable by industry </li></ul><ul><li>...
New Australian Guidelines for Limits of Contaminants in Fertilizers <ul><li>State-of-science for setting limits </li></ul>...
What the numbers would mean for Zn sulfate Element Maximum allowed concentration per kg Zn (mg element/kg Zn) Proposed max...
What the numbers would mean for ZnO Element Maximum allowed concentration per kg Zn (mg element/kg Zn) Proposed maximum al...
ZnO Research <ul><li>Significant difference in size and solubility of ZnO </li></ul><ul><li>Uptake by plant not related to...
<ul><li>Communication Activities : </li></ul><ul><li>Case-study  </li></ul><ul><li>Technical brochure </li></ul><ul><li>Pu...
Communication Activities:
Communication Activities:
www.zinc-crops.org
Zinc Fertilizer Seminars <ul><li>Mexico </li></ul><ul><li>Brazil </li></ul><ul><li>China </li></ul><ul><li>Thailand </li><...
www.zinccrops2011.org
<ul><li>4-5 minutes videos being developed for India & </li></ul><ul><li>China </li></ul><ul><li>2-3 minute international ...
Country Activities
IZA India Actions <ul><ul><li>Hired Director, Dr. Soumitra Das </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Crop Trials </li></ul></ul><ul><...
India -NBSS <ul><li>Total Indian subsidy for fertilizers is ~ 22-23 billion USD  </li></ul><ul><li>In old system, maximum ...
India- NBSS <ul><li>Subsidy for zinc has now been included in NBSS </li></ul><ul><li>First time zinc has been included in ...
IZA India Actions <ul><li>Policy Intervention </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Develop IZA/FAI/ICAR Report on Zinc </li></ul></ul><ul...
IZA India Actions <ul><li>Communications </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Zinc Training Program </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Regional W...
China <ul><ul><li>Hired Director, Dr. Ming Fan </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Crop Trials </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Policy In...
IZA China Actions <ul><li>Policy Intervention </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Develop IZA/CAU/CAAS Report on Zinc  –  </li></ul></ul...
IZA China Actions <ul><li>Communications </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Zinc Training Program  </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Regional ...
Thailand <ul><ul><li>Working with Padaeng Industry </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Crop Trials </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Polic...
Brazil <ul><ul><li>Working with Votorantim  </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Crop Trials </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Policy Inter...
Malawi <ul><ul><li>Proposal to CFC in partnership with ILZSG for $120,000 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Crop Trials </li></ul...
Partnerships Needed for Success <ul><li>IFA </li></ul><ul><li>IPNI </li></ul><ul><li>The Sulfur Institute </li></ul><ul><l...
Fertilizer Affiliate Members <ul><li>Mosaic </li></ul><ul><li>Deepak Fertilizers </li></ul><ul><li>Beijing Xinhefeng Agroc...
<ul><li>Zinc deficiency – in humans and crops is a critical, global, and linked issue </li></ul><ul><li>Problem is solvabl...
 
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Zinc Nutrient Initiative Joint Meeting Brussels

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Zinc Nutrient Initiative Joint Meeting Brussels

  1. 1. Andrew Green, Ph.D. Director- Environment, Health & Sustainability Zinc Nutrient Initiative
  2. 2. World Map – Zinc Deficiency Soils Humans
  3. 3. <ul><li>4-yr program </li></ul><ul><li>Global effort with a focus in China & India </li></ul><ul><li>Goals: </li></ul><ul><li>Increased use of zinc fertilizer </li></ul><ul><li>Increased crop production </li></ul><ul><li>Increased nutritional status </li></ul>
  4. 4. <ul><li>Demonstration crop trials </li></ul><ul><li>Communication activities </li></ul><ul><li>Workshops/seminars </li></ul><ul><li>Country-based marketing </li></ul>Approach
  5. 5. Demonstration Field Trails
  6. 6. Int’l Zinc Assoc . OMEX Agrifluids Ltd . England Mosaic Co. USA K+S KALI GmbH Germany Harvest Plus Zinc Fertilizer Program ( www.harvestzinc.org ) CHINA CAU: China Agric. University INDIA IARI: Indian Agr ic. Res. Inst. TURKEY Ministry of Agriculture THAILAND Chiang Mai University PAKISTAN NARC: Nat. Agr ic. Res. Cen. MOZAMBIQUE IIAM : Inst Inv Agr Moz BRAZIL APTA : Agência Paulista Tec Agr . Collaborating Countries / Institutions Int’l Fertilizer Ind. Assoc. France Int ’l Plant Nutr. Inst. USA ZIMBABWE Soil Fertility Cons. for Southern Africa Coordinating Institution
  7. 7. Canada Germany Brazil Zimbabwe Zambia Mozambique South Africa Ethiopia Pakistan India Kazakhstan Iran Laos China Thailand Australia Turkey International Zinc Assoc. Coordinating Institution : Sabanci University Global Zinc Fertilizer Project Mexico Guatemala Argentina
  8. 8. Average of all countries -Zn: 26 +Zn: 50 Average Grain Zn Concentrations (10 Countries with 32 locations) -Zn: 26 ppm +Zn: 50 ppm Grain Zn concentration in different countries with and without zinc fertilization
  9. 9. IZA Crop Zinc Trials India – 17 wheat and rice trials China – 24 trials in 6 provinces with rice, wheat & maize Thailand - 2 rice trials South Africa - 2 maize trials Brazil – 2 soybean trials Total of 47 crop trials globally
  10. 10. There was an increase in grain yield up to 20 % by Zn application in the experimental sites of the Nakorn Nayok and Chiang Mai Provinces
  11. 11. Zinc Applications improved rice grain yield up to 30 % in some locations of the Orissa State INDIA
  12. 12. Zinc Applications improved wheat grain yield, on average, 9 % in 6 locations of the Uttar Pradesh and Haryana States
  13. 13. Zinc Applications improved wheat grain yield , on average , 7 % in 3 locations of Punjab State
  14. 14. Zinc Applications improved rice grain yield, on average, 9 % in 4 locations of the Punjab State
  15. 15. No change in maize grain yield in South Africa by Zn applications; but grain Zn was increased up to 20 %
  16. 16. Zinc Applications improved rice grain yield 20 % in 2 locations of Sichaun, China
  17. 17. Zinc is essential for crops +Zn -Zn
  18. 18. But… <ul><li>Quality of zinc products a critical issue </li></ul><ul><li>As, Pb and Cd reported in micronutrient fertilizers in range of 100’s – 1000’s of mg/kg </li></ul><ul><li>Shipment of contaminated zinc fertilizer from China to S. Africa recently made the international news </li></ul><ul><li>MgSO4 sold as ZnSO4 in Thailand & India </li></ul>
  19. 19. Code of Practice needed <ul><li>ensure the safe and sustainable use of zinc-fertilizer products </li></ul><ul><li>ensure quality of products for farmers </li></ul><ul><li>help develop and grow zinc fertilizer market </li></ul>
  20. 20. Two key goals of CoP <ul><li>safe & sustainable product </li></ul><ul><li>Limits achievable by industry </li></ul><ul><li>Working with Dr. Mike McLaughlin, CSIRO & University of Adelaide </li></ul><ul><li>Review by Dr. Rufus Chaney, USDA </li></ul>
  21. 21. New Australian Guidelines for Limits of Contaminants in Fertilizers <ul><li>State-of-science for setting limits </li></ul><ul><li>Uses critical loading approach based on 100-yr scenario </li></ul><ul><li>Considers multiple exposure pathways: plants, animals, humans, groundwater, runoff </li></ul><ul><li>Official status of guidelines is draft but IZA given green light now to use methodology </li></ul><ul><li>Will use limits as Tier 1, modify in Tier 2 with bioavailability & site-specific information </li></ul>
  22. 22. What the numbers would mean for Zn sulfate Element Maximum allowed concentration per kg Zn (mg element/kg Zn) Proposed maximum allowed concentration in ZnSO 4 (heptahydrate) (mg element/kg pure ZnSO 4 .7H 2 O) US EPA maximum allowed concentration in ZnSO 4 (mg element/kg pure ZnSO 4 .7H 2 O) As 600 137 7 Cd 680 240 32 Cr 8100 1843 14 Hg 130 30 7 Pb 530 185 64
  23. 23. What the numbers would mean for ZnO Element Maximum allowed concentration per kg Zn (mg element/kg Zn) Proposed maximum allowed concentration in ZnO (mg element/kg pure ZnO) US EPA maximum allowed concentration in ZnO (mg element/kg pure ZnO) As 600 482 24 Cd 680 546 112 Cr 8100 6508 48 Hg 130 104 24 Pb 530 662 225
  24. 24. ZnO Research <ul><li>Significant difference in size and solubility of ZnO </li></ul><ul><li>Uptake by plant not related to solubility, ZnO performed </li></ul><ul><li>better than ZnSO4 – needs confirmation </li></ul>60 65 70 75 80 85 90 95 100 Zinc sulfate DP 1 DP 2 CP 1 FP 1 FP 2 ZnO 1 ZnO 2 Zn Product Plant Zn derived from product (%) e cd bc d abc ab a d Alkaline calcareous soil
  25. 25. <ul><li>Communication Activities : </li></ul><ul><li>Case-study </li></ul><ul><li>Technical brochure </li></ul><ul><li>Publication of articles/book </li></ul><ul><li>Fact sheets </li></ul><ul><li>Newsletter </li></ul><ul><li>website: zinc-crops.org </li></ul><ul><li>Videos </li></ul><ul><li>Seminars/workshops </li></ul>
  26. 26. Communication Activities:
  27. 27. Communication Activities:
  28. 28. www.zinc-crops.org
  29. 29. Zinc Fertilizer Seminars <ul><li>Mexico </li></ul><ul><li>Brazil </li></ul><ul><li>China </li></ul><ul><li>Thailand </li></ul><ul><li>India </li></ul><ul><li>South Africa </li></ul>
  30. 30. www.zinccrops2011.org
  31. 31. <ul><li>4-5 minutes videos being developed for India & </li></ul><ul><li>China </li></ul><ul><li>2-3 minute international video planned </li></ul><ul><li>Time-elapsed videos developed from greenhouse </li></ul><ul><li>and field-trials in Turkey </li></ul>+Zn -Zn Videos
  32. 32. Country Activities
  33. 33. IZA India Actions <ul><ul><li>Hired Director, Dr. Soumitra Das </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Crop Trials </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Policy Intervention </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Communications </li></ul></ul>
  34. 34. India -NBSS <ul><li>Total Indian subsidy for fertilizers is ~ 22-23 billion USD </li></ul><ul><li>In old system, maximum retail price (MRP) of fertilizers set by government </li></ul><ul><li>In NBSS, subsidy given on individual nutrients based on nutrient need. NBSS promotes balanced fertilization. </li></ul>
  35. 35. India- NBSS <ul><li>Subsidy for zinc has now been included in NBSS </li></ul><ul><li>First time zinc has been included in central government subsidization scheme </li></ul><ul><li>500 INR subsidy paid to fertilizer companies that fortify with Zn. </li></ul>
  36. 36. IZA India Actions <ul><li>Policy Intervention </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Develop IZA/FAI/ICAR Report on Zinc </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Zinc Oxide Registration </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Increase zinc subsidy </li></ul></ul>
  37. 37. IZA India Actions <ul><li>Communications </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Zinc Training Program </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Regional Workshops </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>International Zinc Conference </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Institutional Award </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Fertilizer Companies </li></ul></ul>
  38. 38. China <ul><ul><li>Hired Director, Dr. Ming Fan </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Crop Trials </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Policy Intervention </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Communications </li></ul></ul>
  39. 39. IZA China Actions <ul><li>Policy Intervention </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Develop IZA/CAU/CAAS Report on Zinc – </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Zinc Labeling Standard </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Add zinc to provincial/state level recommendations </li></ul></ul>
  40. 40. IZA China Actions <ul><li>Communications </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Zinc Training Program </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Regional Workshops </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>IZA/IFA Task Force Roundtable </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Fertilizer Companies </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Partnerships with NPK groups </li></ul></ul>
  41. 41. Thailand <ul><ul><li>Working with Padaeng Industry </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Crop Trials </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Policy Intervention </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Communications </li></ul></ul>Workshop planned in 4 th quarter
  42. 42. Brazil <ul><ul><li>Working with Votorantim </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Crop Trials </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Policy Intervention </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Communications </li></ul></ul>Workshop planned in November
  43. 43. Malawi <ul><ul><li>Proposal to CFC in partnership with ILZSG for $120,000 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Crop Trials </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Policy Intervention </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Communications </li></ul></ul>
  44. 44. Partnerships Needed for Success <ul><li>IFA </li></ul><ul><li>IPNI </li></ul><ul><li>The Sulfur Institute </li></ul><ul><li>CFC/ILZSG </li></ul><ul><li>Governments </li></ul><ul><li>U.S. AID </li></ul><ul><li>Gates Foundation </li></ul><ul><li>Fertilizer Companies </li></ul>
  45. 45. Fertilizer Affiliate Members <ul><li>Mosaic </li></ul><ul><li>Deepak Fertilizers </li></ul><ul><li>Beijing Xinhefeng Agrochemical </li></ul><ul><li>Omex Agricultural </li></ul><ul><li>Tetra Micronutrients </li></ul><ul><li>International Raw Materials </li></ul>
  46. 46. <ul><li>Zinc deficiency – in humans and crops is a critical, global, and linked issue </li></ul><ul><li>Problem is solvable – Zinc Fertilizer </li></ul><ul><li>Benefits include increased food, nutrition, health and economics </li></ul>

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