Orthodox Catholic ChurchThe Eastern Orthodox Church, officially called the Orthodox Catholic Church and commonly referred to as the Orthodox Church, is the second largest Christian church in the world, with an estimated 225-300 million adherents, primarily in Eastern and Southeastern Europe and the Middle East. It is the religious denomination of the majority of the populations of Russia, Belarus and Ukraine; significant minority populations exist in Lebanon, Jordan and Syria. It teaches that it is the One, Holy, Catholic and Apostolic Church established by Jesus Christ and his Apostles almost 2,000 years ago.
CrossDepictions of the Cross within theOrthodox Church are numerous andoften highly ornamented, but its usedoes not extend to all Orthodoxtraditions. Some carry specialsignificance. The Tri-Bar Cross,popular in Russia and Ukraine, butcommon throughout the Orthodoxworld, seen to the right, has threebars. Its origins are in the earlyByzantine Church of the 4th centuryAD.
TraditionsThe tradition in the Orthodoxy faith is of specialimportance,it consists of the Bible, Symbols of theFaith, decisions of general councils anddocuments coming from fathers of the Church,canons, liturgical books and icons, understood asa cohesive religious system are fitting into hercomposition. The Bible prayer rope
LiturgyThe services of the church are properlyconducted each day following a rigid,but constantly changing annual schedule(i.e., parts of the service remain thesame while others change depending onthe day of the year). Services areconducted in the church and involveboth the clergy and faithful. Servicescannot properly be conducted by asingle person, but must have at leastone other person present (i.e. a Priestcannot celebrate alone, but must haveat least a Chanter present andparticipating).
Orthodox tenetsThe goal of Orthodox Christians from baptism is to continually draw themselves nearer to God throughout their lives. This process is called theosis, or deification, and is a spiritual pilgrimage in which each person strives to both become more holy through the imitation of Christ and cultivation of the inner life through unceasing prayer (most famously, the Jesus Prayer) or hesychasm, until united at death with the fire of Gods love
IconsThe Orthodox believe that the first icons ofChrist and the Virgin Mary were painted byLuke the Evangelist. Icons are filled withsymbolism designed to convey informationabout the person or event depicted. Iconpainting, in general, is not an opportunityfor artistic expression, though eachiconographer brings a vision to the piece. Icon of participants in 1 General Council in Nice in 325 yr Włodzimierska Mother of God icon
General councilsThere is no single earthly head of all the Orthodox Churches comparableto the Pope of Rome. The highest-ranking bishop of the communion is thePatriarch of Constantinople, who is also primate of one of theautocephalous churches. These organizations are in full communion witheach other, so any priest of any of those churches may lawfullyminister to any member of any of them.
The Orthodoxy in theworldMoldova (c 93%) Romania (c 86%)Georgia (c 82%) Bulgaria (c 82%)
Quiz1.When was the Orthodox Church created?2.What are the characteristics of the Orthodox Church?3.What does the cross in Orthodox Church symbolize?4.What is an icon?5.What are the traditions of the Orthodox Church?
THANKS FOR WATCHINGTHIS PRESENTATION Author:Anna Woszczyk