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  1. 1. Where can we go from here?<br />Library Resource Management Systems: New Challenges, New Opportunities<br />October 8-9, 2009<br />Marshall Breeding<br />Director for Innovative Technology and Research<br />Vanderbilt University Library<br />Library Technology Guides<br /><br />
  2. 2. Forging a path through a maze of options<br />
  3. 3. Trajectory<br />Changing roles of libraries and the nature of their collections demand corresponding changes in supporting technologies<br />Enormous challenges to deliver appropriate:<br />Discovery platforms<br />Business automation systems<br />Yet…turnover of library automation products very slow<br />
  4. 4. Library Context<br /><ul><li>Academic libraries: increased emphasis on enterprise interoperability
  5. 5. All Libraries: Transition to larger proportions of non-print content
  6. 6. Emphasis on full-text delivery: e-journals, e-books, digitized books
  7. 7. Shrinking library budgets: Cuts made in these economic times may never be recovered
  8. 8. Public Libraries: operational efficiency
  9. 9. All libraries: higher levels of resource sharing</li></li></ul><li>Technology context<br /><ul><li>New Technology Cycle
  10. 10. Cloud computing:
  11. 11. Platform-as-a-service (Amazon EC2)
  12. 12. Storage services (C3)
  13. 13. Software-as-a-service
  14. 14. Delivery to mobile devices
  15. 15. Enterprise level infrastructure
  16. 16. Legacy:
  17. 17. Local/departmental computing
  18. 18. Client/server
  19. 19. Local servers</li></li></ul><li>Business and procurement cycles<br />
  20. 20. General Business Trends<br />Very complex market<br />Local national and regional companies & Global competitors<br />Increasingly consolidated and global<br />Concentration of library automation into a smaller niche of companies<br />
  21. 21. Predominance of Proprietary ILS products<br />The vast majority of libraries choose to license proprietary ILS products from established vendors<br />Some of these companies continue to see growth in new client libraries<br />Defections to competitors and open source currently happen at relatively low levels<br />Many unannounced open source projects may alter this trend<br />
  22. 22. Dynamics of library automation changing<br />Commercial companies developing and supporting proprietary products prevail<br />Open source ILS procurements<br />Non-profit OCLC cooperative positioned to play a larger role<br />
  23. 23. Technology and product strategies<br />Evolved products?<br />Can the existing slate of major ILS products morph over time to meet the ever widening gaps between design and functionality and changing library requirements<br />Fresh starts possible?<br />
  24. 24. Evolutionary path<br />Unicorn -&gt; Symphony<br />INOVAQ &gt; Innopac -&gt; Millennium/Encore<br />Urica -&gt; Spydus<br />VUBIS -&gt; Vubis Smart -&gt; V Smart<br />ALEPH 100… ALEPH 500/Verde/SFX -&gt; URM<br />
  25. 25. Forging a fresh path<br />OLE – Ready to launch 2-year build phase<br />Open Source<br />URM -- (New or evolved?)<br />Commercially licensed open platform<br />Web-scale library automation<br />OCLC WorldCat Local cooperative library management system<br />
  26. 26. Research and development activities<br />Do the systems libraries really need exist yet? <br />Research and Development essential to develop systems to meet the needs of libraries and issues identified in this Forum<br />Where will this take place?<br />Companies?<br />Libraries?<br />Vendor / Library collaboration<br />
  27. 27. The Business of Open Source ILS<br />Library procurement of open source ILS<br />Commercial support companies<br />Small and fragmented<br />Many open source implementations taking place independent of commercial support contracts<br />
  28. 28. Open Source ILS Companies<br />Exists at the lower bounds of sustainability, with some showing significant growth.<br />Fragmented approach can diffuse already limited resources<br />
  29. 29. Open source alternatives gaining increasing support<br />Many libraries energized to take on local development projects<br />Traditional vendors interested in making best use of open source components<br />The direct adoption of open source products represents only one aspect of open source in the library automation industry.<br />
  30. 30. Support by Grant-making bodies<br /><ul><li>Andrew W. Mellon Foundation
  31. 31. Georgia Public Library Systems recognized with Award for Technology Collaboration ($50,000)
  32. 32. OLE (Open Library Environment)
  33. 33. $475,700 Phase I
  34. 34. ?? Phase II
  35. 35. eXtensible Catalog
  36. 36. $283,000 Phase I
  37. 37. $749,000 Phase II
  38. 38. IMLS
  39. 39. “Empowered by Open Source”
  40. 40. $998,556
  41. 41. Led by King County + Peninsula Library System in California, the Ann Arbor District Libraryin Michigan and the Orange County Library System in Florida</li></li></ul><li>A conversation about software licensing<br />Move beyond Open Source / Proprietary software as philosophical arguments.<br />SaaS largely neutralizes the pragmatic differences<br />Software choices made on the merits of functionality<br />Company choices made on the merits of their service delivery<br />
  42. 42. Discovery / Library Business Automation<br />Now viewed as separate problem<br />Many interdependencies<br />Current model of feeding discovery systems from many underlying repositories<br />ILS / e-journal collections / collections of digital objects<br />Will models of resource management change to consolidate the repositories?<br />Realign Discovery and management?<br />
  43. 43. Discovery interface arena<br />Technology platforms becoming more mature<br />Major projects and products to bring full text article-level content within the primary purview of the discovery interface.<br />Next challenge: Full text indexes of books<br />
  44. 44. New options and opportunities springing up<br />Many opportunities for libraries to contribute<br />Partnerships with vendors<br />Development partner / Beta test site<br />Participation in open source initiatives<br />Contribute to new and existing projects<br />VuFind, Blacklight, OLE, Evergreen Koha<br />
  45. 45. Service oriented architecture <br />Preferred technology for new development projects<br />Web Services<br />Can function as the glue that ties legacy systems together<br />Building blocks of composed applications in an SOA environment<br />Legacy software will be around for a very long time.<br />
  46. 46. Issues for Standards<br /><ul><li>Library infrastructure may be positioned for many major shifts
  47. 47. Will new models of automation be served by existing standards and best practices?
  48. 48. What will be the points of interoperability that will require technical agreements, best practices, standards as library automation models morph?
  49. 49. Help NISO and other relevant organizations broker technical agreements in time to drive, not hold back, new initiatives.
  50. 50. Increased library involvement will be extremely helpful</li></li></ul><li>
  51. 51.
  52. 52.
  53. 53.
  54. 54. Many paths forward…<br />