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Strategic Instruments and Regional Policies


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Strategic Instruments and Regional Policies
Turkey in World Politics

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Strategic Instruments and Regional Policies

  1. 1. Strategic Instruments and Regional Policies Subject: Turkey in World Politics Lecturer: Dr. Ibrahim Koncak International Atatürk Alatoo University Department of International Relations Students: Zarina Abzalilova Aidai Kasymova
  2. 2. Introduction  The Turkish foreign policy action plan after 2007 is more focused on regional issues – it stresses the continuation of the dynamic policy on Cyprus with a special emphasis on the economic and social development of TRNC and improvement of its status in the international fora.  The latest governmental program includes references to issues regarding the stability in Palestine, Lebanon, Iraq, as well as enhancement of relations with neighboring countries and Central Asia. It also mentions the launching of a development aid program.  And especially emphasizes participation of Turkey in regional organization – OIC, ECO, BSEC
  3. 3. Organization of Islamic Cooperation (OIC) İslam Konferansı Örgütü (İKÖ)  The second largest inter-governmental organization after the United Nations which has membership of 57 states spread over four continents.  The Organization is the collective voice of the Muslim world and ensuring to safeguard and protect the interests of the Muslim world in the spirit of promoting international peace and harmony among various people of the world.  The Organization was established upon a decision of the historical summit which took place in Rabat, Kingdom of Morocco on 12th Rajab 1389 Hijra (25 September 1969) as a result of criminal arson of Al-Aqsa Mosque in occupied Jerusalem.
  4. 4. Organization of Islamic Cooperation (OIC) İslam Konferansı Örgütü (İKÖ) AIMS:  Enhance and consolidate the bonds of fraternity and solidarity among the Member States;  Safeguard and protect the common interests and support the legitimate causes of the Member States and coordinate and unify the efforts of the Member States in view of the challenges faced by the Islamic world in particular and the international community in general;  Respect the right of self-determination and non-interference in the domestic affairs and to respect sovereignty, independence and territorial integrity of each Member State;  Ensure active participation of the Member States in the global political, economic and social decision-making processes to secure their common interests;
  5. 5. Organization of Islamic Cooperation (OIC) İslam Konferansı Örgütü (İKÖ) AIMS:  Reaffirm its support for the rights of peoples as stipulated in the UN Charter and international law;  Strengthen intra-Islamic economic and trade cooperation; in order to achieve economic integration leading to the establishment of an Islamic Common Market;  Exert efforts to achieve sustainable and comprehensive human development and economic well-being in Member States;  Protect and defend the true image of Islam, to combat defamation of Islam and encourage dialogue among civilizations and religions;  Enhance and develop science and technology and encourage research and cooperation among Member States in these fields;
  6. 6. Economic Cooperation Organization (ECO) Ekonomik İşbirliği Teşkilatı (EİT)  Intergovernmental thriving regional organization.  In 1985 – established by Iran, Pakistan and Turkey to promote multi dimensional regional cooperation with a view to creating conditions for sustained socioeconomic growth in the Member States (according to Treaty of Izmir of 1977).  Also existed as the Regional Cooperation for Development (RCD) during 1964 to 1979.  10 Members: Afghanistan, Azerbaijan, Iran, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Pakistan, Tajikistan, Turkey, Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan.
  7. 7. Economic Cooperation Organization (ECO) Ekonomik İşbirliği Teşkilatı (EİT)  Activities: Trade and Investment, Transport and Telecommunications, Drug Control, Energy, Minerals and Environment, Agriculture, Industry and Tourism, Human Resources and Sustainable Development, Project and Economic Research and Statistics, developing of International Relations (UN agencies are highly cooperated with ECO).
  8. 8. Economic Cooperation Organization (ECO) Ekonomik İşbirliği Teşkilatı (EİT) OBJECTIVES:  Sustainable economic development of Member States;  Progressive removal of trade barriers and promotion of intra- regional trade; Greater role of ECO region in the growth of world trade; Gradual integration of the economies of the Member States with the world economy;  Development of transport & communications infrastructure linking the Member States with each other and with the outside world;  Economic liberalization and privatization;
  9. 9. Economic Cooperation Organization (ECO) Ekonomik İşbirliği Teşkilatı (EİT) OBJECTIVES:  Mobilization and utilization of ECO region's material resources;  Effective utilization of the agricultural and industrial potentials of ECO region;  Regional cooperation for drug abuse control, ecological and environmental protection and strengthening of historical and cultural ties among the peoples of the ECO region;  Mutually beneficial cooperation with regional and international organizations.
  10. 10. The Black Sea Economic Cooperation (BSEC) Karadeniz Ekonomik İşbirliği Örgütü (KEİÖ)  Multilateral political and economic initiative aimed at fostering interaction and harmony among the Member States, as well as to ensure peace, stability and prosperity, encouraging friendly and good-neighborly relations in the Black Sea region.  12 member states: Albania, Armenia, Azerbaijan, Bulgaria, Georgia, Greece, Moldova, Romania, Russia, Serbia, Turkey and Ukraine.  June 25, 1992, Istanbul - the Summit Declaration and the Bosphorus Statement (11 members) as Regionally owned initiative with Turkey’s lead. -> March 10, 1994, Istanbul - the BSEC Permanent International Secretariat. -> May 1, 1999 – organization transformed into a regional cooperation organization: the Organization of the Black Sea Economic Cooperation.
  11. 11. The Black Sea Economic Cooperation (BSEC) Karadeniz Ekonomik İşbirliği Örgütü (KEİÖ)  The fields of cooperation: Agriculture and agro-industry, banking and finance, combating organized crime, culture, customs matters, education, emergency assistance, energy, environmental protection, exchange of statistical data and information, healthcare and pharmaceutics, information and communication technologies, institutional renewal and good governance, science and technology, SMEs, tourism, transport, trade and economic development.
  12. 12. The Black Sea Economic Cooperation (BSEC) Karadeniz Ekonomik İşbirliği Örgütü (KEİÖ)  The BSEC Economic Agenda Towards an Enhanced BSEC Partnership – the main strategic document, adopted by the 26th Meeting of the Council of Ministers of Foreign Affairs on June 11, 2012 in Belgrade and endorsed by the Summit Meeting of the Heads of State and Government of the BSEC Member States on the occasion of the 20th anniversary of the Organization on June 26, 2012 in Istanbul.  The Economic Agenda provides a comprehensive strategic vision for the activities of the Organization in the coming years, with strengthening the project-oriented dimension of BSEC, increasing its interaction with international and regional Organizations and institutions. Setting sustainable development on specific targets in each of the 17 BSEC areas of cooperation.
  13. 13. Conclusion  Why OIC, BSEC and ECO are important?  Turkey now, is presented as a model for democratic and economically powerful state in its region, which was pursuing a soft-power based foreign policy.  Davutoglu’s Strategic Depth concept brings a multi- dimensional approach to foreign policy with mutually reinforcing and interlocking processes – Turkey has multiple regional identities which require extensions of its influence simultaneously to Europe, the Middle East. The Balkans, the Caucasus, Central Asia, the Caspian and the Mediterranean.
  14. 14. Thank you for Attention!!! Have a nice day!