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Citation-Make it easy for MS/HS students (updated version)

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Citation-Make it easy for MS/HS students (updated version)

  1. 1. ACADEMIC HONESTY Citation? 28 Nov., 2017 Zakir Hossain Teacher-Librarian EE Coordinator
  2. 2. Glossary • In-text (in-line) citation acknowledges your source in the main body of your document e.g. (Hossain 209)  Reference is the details of a particular in-text citation e.g. Hossain, Zakir. "Towards a lifelong learning society through reading promotion: Opportunities and challenges for libraries and community learning centres in Viet Nam." International Review of Education 62.2 (2016): 205-219.  Works Cited (Bibliography) is the list of references arranged alphabetically.
  3. 3. Why cite?  Proper citation is a key element in academic writing and intellectual exchange. When we cite we:  show respect for the work of others;  help a reader to distinguish our work from the work of others;  give the reader the opportunity to check the validity of our use of other people’s work;  give the reader the opportunity to follow up our references, out of interest;  show and receive proper credit for our research process;  demonstrate that we are able to use reliable sources and critically assess them to support our work;  establish the credibility and authority of our knowledge and ideas;  share the blame (if we get it wrong);
  4. 4. What to cite  As creators/authors, we are expected to acknowledge any materials or ideas that are not ours and that have been used in any way, such as quotation, paraphrase or summary. The term “materials” means written, oral or electronic products, and may include the following…. •Text •Visual •Audio •Graphic •Artistic •Lectures •Interviews •Conversations •Letters •Broadcasts •Maps
  5. 5. WHEN DO I NEED TO CITE?  Whenever you borrow words or ideas:  whenever you use quotes  whenever you paraphrase  whenever you use an idea that someone else has already expressed  whenever you make specific reference to the work of another  whenever someone else's work has been critical in developing your own ideas.
  6. 6. Citation…Exceptions!  Certain well-known facts do not need to be cited. ◦ Ex: Walt Disney founded the Disney company and created one of the most well- known cartoon characters of all time, Mickey Mouse. (NOT PLAGIARISM) ◦ Ex: Raised on a farm near Marceline, Missouri, Walt became interested in drawing at an early age, selling his first sketches to neighbors when he was only seven years old. (PLAGIARISM—IF NOT CITED)
  7. 7.  In order to prevent plagiarism, we must cite sources we use.. • Ideally, no more than 25 percent of your paper should be direct quotations.. • Paraphrase as much as you can.. • Use direct quotations when citing a statistic or original theory.. • Use author's words if they capture a point exactly.. YOU SHOULD KNOW ……
  8. 8. MLA Citation Style
  9. 9. MLA In-Text Citation – Author & Page No. (Keeling 125) Notice there is no “p” and no comma. The struggle for identity is common during puberty (Keeling 125).
  10. 10. In-Text Citations – Title & Page No. Her distinctive writing style adds to her mystique (“Plath” 19). Often, articles, editorials, pamphlets, and other materials have no author listed; thus, give the first distinctive word of the title followed by page # *You add the full title only if it is short. If it is a long title, you only use the first one or two words.
  11. 11. In-Text Citations – Page No. Only • If you have already mentioned the author’s name, put a page number only: Keeling states that struggle for identity is common during puberty (125).
  12. 12. In-Text Citation – Organization as Author Often, an organization serves as the author: The National Council for Teachers of English state that students bring insider knowledge of youth culture and a passion for and investment in its texts and practices (5). OR Students bring insider knowledge of youth culture (“National Council” 5).
  13. 13. Other forms of In-Text Citations 1. Two authors: (Johnson and Rodriguez 221) 2. More than three authors: (Johnson et al. 75)  “et al.” means “and others” 3. A work with no page numbers (like a webpage): (Johnson)
  14. 14. Bibliographical References A Book with One Author For example: (sample) Last, First. Book Title. Publisher, Year. (example) Gilligan, Carol. In a Different Voice. Harvard, 1982. *Underline or italic
  15. 15. A Book with Two Authors You just need to add the second author’s name, but this time the second author goes First Name first, Last Name Last. For example: (sample) Last, First and First Last. Book Title. City: Publisher, Year. (example) Embry, Carol and Joseph Addison. The lives of the Eighteenth Century Satirists. London: Penguin, 1796. *Notice that when a citation does not fit on one line, the next line starts 5 spaces in from the first line.
  16. 16. A Book with an Editor (or two!) For example: (sample) Last, First, ed. Book Title. Publisher, Year. (example) Bloom, Harold, ed. Shakespeare’s Baudy. Globe Press, 1996.
  17. 17. An Article from an journal/magazine/newspaper For example: (sample) Last, First. “Article Title.” Name of …. Volume: Issue Number Date of publication: page numbers. Name of database. Vendor. Date Visited<site address of database>. (example-Online) Khan, John. “The Chinese Theatre.” Journal of Drama Studies June 2003: 145-68. Proquest. Gale Learning. 2 May 2011 <www.aclibrary.org>.
  18. 18. An Internet Site For example: (sample) Last, First. “Title of page.” Title of home page. Date written or posted (day month, year). Date visited <site address of title page>. (example) Smith, Mary. “Science in America.” United States Science. 3 May 2010. Access on 12 Nov 2015 <http://spaceflight.usa.gov/spacenews.html>.
  19. 19. Now for some practice!
  20. 20. Let’s Kahoot our learning! Browse https://kahoot.it Enter your game pin…
  21. 21. Cited works  “Plagiarism and Citation Basic”. Aceess on 2 Nov 2015 http://www.slideshare.net/caitlingillmett/plagiarism- and-citation-basics  “Trinity College Library”. MLA Citation. Access on 11 Oct 2015 http://www.slideshare.net/caitlingillmett/plagiarism- and-citation-basics

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