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Feminism and
Feminist Research
“Re-Visioning the Man-Made World”
Michael Crotty
Presentation Group 5
Wright and Clinger
What is Feminism?
O “The advocacy of women’s rights on the
grounds of political, social, and
economic equality to men.”
O ...
What is Feminism?
O “Men’s own interests are utterly at stake.
They are, after all, victims as well as
perpetrators of pat...
Plural, Not Singular
O “People may speak and write of
‘feminism’ in the singular, just as they
speak and write of ‘positiv...
Liberal Feminism
O Reformist
O Based in the “humanism of liberal
political thought” (Crotty, 1998, 163)
O Personal autonom...
Liberal Feminism
O Egalitarian or Welfare
Focuses on social justice
Wants state intervention to provide
equality
Marxist Feminism
O Revolutionary
O Changes in structure of classes is the
major goal
O Focuses on women’s work, both paid ...
Radical Feminism
O “The oldest, most profound and most
widespread oppression of all.” (Crotty,
1998, p.164)
O Serves as th...
Psychoanalytic Feminism
O Stems from Freudian theory
O Sexuality is a focus
O Freud often seen as being at odds with
Femin...
Socialist Feminism
O “A confluence of Marxist, radical and,
more arguably, psychoanalytic streams
of feminist thought.” (T...
Existentialist Feminism
O Simone de Beauvoir’s The Second Sex
(1953) is the key text
O Reflects on the human condition
O F...
Postmodern Feminism
O Focuses on the breakdown of traditional
ideals:
O Beautiful/ugly
O Happy/sad
O Weak/strong
O Funny/s...
Feminist Epistemology
O “Women speak ‘in a different
voice.’…men and women have different
ways of perceiving the world and...
Feminist Epistemology
O Radical feminism—To “bring
revolutionary change within the realm of
the possible” (Chester in Crot...
Feminist Epistemology
O Feminist insights are grounded in and
stem from a specifically feminist
viewpoint. (Crotty, p. 173...
Feminist Epistemology
O “Emotions become feminist when they
incorporate feminist perceptions and
values.” (Jagger in Crott...
Conclusion
O Women researchers are NOT:
 Qualitative rather than quantitative
 Constructivist rather than objectivist
 ...
O Feminists are not worried about inherent
differences between the sexes, but about
discrimination because of those
differ...
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Clinger wright crotty - feminism

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Clinger wright crotty - feminism

  1. 1. Feminism and Feminist Research “Re-Visioning the Man-Made World” Michael Crotty Presentation Group 5 Wright and Clinger
  2. 2. What is Feminism? O “The advocacy of women’s rights on the grounds of political, social, and economic equality to men.” O Merriam Webster Dictionary O “Feminism speaks with one voice in characterizing the world it experiences…” O (Crotty, 1998, p.160)
  3. 3. What is Feminism? O “Men’s own interests are utterly at stake. They are, after all, victims as well as perpetrators of patriarchy and sexism… O …patriarchy and sexism are not fetters worn by females only; they severely limit human possibility for males as well.” O (Crotty, 1998, 162)
  4. 4. Plural, Not Singular O “People may speak and write of ‘feminism’ in the singular, just as they speak and write of ‘positivism’, ‘interpretivism’ and ‘critical theory’ in the singular, but there are, of course, many feminisms.” O (Crotty, 1998, p.160) O There are many Feminisms, but even these categories can be limiting.
  5. 5. Liberal Feminism O Reformist O Based in the “humanism of liberal political thought” (Crotty, 1998, 163) O Personal autonomy should be protected O State should protect civil liberties and not interfere with lives of individuals
  6. 6. Liberal Feminism O Egalitarian or Welfare Focuses on social justice Wants state intervention to provide equality
  7. 7. Marxist Feminism O Revolutionary O Changes in structure of classes is the major goal O Focuses on women’s work, both paid and unpaid O View Capitalism as source of oppression for women
  8. 8. Radical Feminism O “The oldest, most profound and most widespread oppression of all.” (Crotty, 1998, p.164) O Serves as the baseline for understanding other types of oppression O Sexual and reproductive concerns are paramount
  9. 9. Psychoanalytic Feminism O Stems from Freudian theory O Sexuality is a focus O Freud often seen as being at odds with Feminism, but many Feminists identify with his ideas
  10. 10. Socialist Feminism O “A confluence of Marxist, radical and, more arguably, psychoanalytic streams of feminist thought.” (Tong, 1995, p.173) O Draws on strong points of each of these theories O An attempt to unify Feminists who come from different schools of thought
  11. 11. Existentialist Feminism O Simone de Beauvoir’s The Second Sex (1953) is the key text O Reflects on the human condition O Focus on “Self” and “Other” with men being the “self” and women the “other.” O To combat myths, women need to join the workforce, entering the ranks of intellectuals and taking part in socialist transformation.
  12. 12. Postmodern Feminism O Focuses on the breakdown of traditional ideals: O Beautiful/ugly O Happy/sad O Weak/strong O Funny/sullen O Reason/emotion O Self/other O Oedipal phases—symbolic to language
  13. 13. Feminist Epistemology O “Women speak ‘in a different voice.’…men and women have different ways of perceiving the world and relating to it.” O Crotty, 1998, p.174 O “The fundamental act of knowing is different for women.” p. 174
  14. 14. Feminist Epistemology O Radical feminism—To “bring revolutionary change within the realm of the possible” (Chester in Crotty, p. 172) O Siegfried notes that feminine traits ,“can be understood as the expression of a feminine style without implying that all women think this way or that no men do.” (Crotty, p. 172)
  15. 15. Feminist Epistemology O Feminist insights are grounded in and stem from a specifically feminist viewpoint. (Crotty, p. 173) O Jagger identifies,“a continuous feedback loop between our emotional constitution and our theorizing such that each continually modifies the other and is in principle inseparable from it.” (Crotty, p. 175)
  16. 16. Feminist Epistemology O “Emotions become feminist when they incorporate feminist perceptions and values.” (Jagger in Crotty, p. 176) O “Feminism is a movement to change the way one looks at the world and feminist theory is part of that struggle.” (Crotty, p. 176)
  17. 17. Conclusion O Women researchers are NOT:  Qualitative rather than quantitative  Constructivist rather than objectivist  Experiential rather than cerebral  Interactive rather than non-involved  Caring rather than dispassionate  A seeking of shared understanding rather than an attempt to prove a point  Action-oriented rather than theoretical  Collaborative and participative rather than otherwise
  18. 18. O Feminists are not worried about inherent differences between the sexes, but about discrimination because of those differences. O Research is re-vision. O “Feminist research addresses the world to ‘know it differently than we have ever known it’…and to fashion it anew.” (Rich in Crotty, p. 182)

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