Lesson plan nature


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Lesson plan nature

  1. 1. <ul><li>Name three ways in which plants are important to animals. Name a plant that is important to animals that is protected in your state or region, and explain why it is at risk. </li></ul><ul><li>Name three ways in which animals are important to plants. Name an animal that is protected in your state or region, and explain why it is at risk. </li></ul><ul><li>Explain the term &quot;food chain.&quot; Give an example of a four-step land food chain and a four-step water food chain. </li></ul><ul><li>Do all the requirements in FIVE of the following fields: </li></ul><ul><li>Birds </li></ul><ul><li>In the field, identify eight species of birds. </li></ul><ul><li>Make and set out a birdhouse OR a feeding station OR a birdbath. List what birds used it during a period of one month. </li></ul><ul><li>Mammals </li></ul><ul><li>In the field, identify three species of wild animals. </li></ul><ul><li>Make plaster casts of the tracks of a wild animal </li></ul><ul><li>Reptiles and Amphibians </li></ul><ul><li>Show that you can recognize the poisonous snakes in your area. </li></ul><ul><li>In the field, identify three species of reptiles or amphibians. </li></ul><ul><li>Recognize one species of toad or frog by voice; OR identify one reptile or amphibian by eggs, den, burrow or other signs. </li></ul><ul><li>Insects and Spiders </li></ul><ul><li>Collect, mount, and label 10 species of insects or spiders. </li></ul><ul><li>Hatch an insect from the pupa or cocoon; OR hatch adults from nymphs; OR keep larvae until they form pupae or cocoons; OR keep a colony of ants or bees through one season. </li></ul><ul><li>Fish </li></ul><ul><li>Catch and identify two species of fish. </li></ul><ul><li>Collect four kinds of animal food eaten by fish in the wild. </li></ul><ul><li>Mollusks and Crustaceans </li></ul><ul><li>Identify five species of mollusks and crustaceans. </li></ul><ul><li>Collect, mount, and label six shells </li></ul><ul><li>Plants </li></ul><ul><li>In the field, identify 15 species of wild plants. </li></ul><ul><li>Collect and label seeds of six plants; OR the leaves of 12 plants. </li></ul><ul><li>Soil and Rocks </li></ul><ul><li>Collect and identify soils found in different layers of a soil profile. </li></ul><ul><li>Collect and identify five different types of rocks from your area. </li></ul>
  2. 2. <ul><li>Herbivores eat plants for food and nutrition </li></ul><ul><li>Plants like trees can provide shelter for animals like birds and small mammals </li></ul><ul><li>Plants absorb water and reduce erosion which helps animals continue to live in their environment after or during heavy rain </li></ul><ul><li>large-flowered skullcap helps to treat colds </li></ul><ul><li>Hardwood ecosystem disappearing </li></ul>
  3. 3. <ul><li>The Red-cockaded Woodpecker nests only in live pines. But, it often selects ones that are infected with the red heart fungus. The fungus softens the wood and allows the woodpecker to dig out a cavity. The live pine tree then &quot;bleeds&quot; pitch around the nest hole. The heavy flow of gum helps keep tree-climbing snakes away from the nest. </li></ul><ul><li>A family of Red-cockaded Woodpeckers excavates a number of cavities within their territory. It may take two years or more to completely dig out one cavity. The breeding male roosts in the best cavity, usually the one most recently created and with the heaviest sap flow. The eggs are laid in this cavity, and the male incubates them at night. </li></ul><ul><li>The Red-cockaded Woodpecker is a cooperative breeder, and lives in small family groups composed of one breeding pair and several helpers. The extra birds usually are sons from previous breeding seasons; daughters only rarely stay with their parents. The helpers assist in raising young, including incubation, brooding, and feeding. The entire family usually forages as a group, moving together from tree to tree. </li></ul><ul><li>Animals release carbon dioxide </li></ul><ul><li>Help pollinate </li></ul><ul><li>Help fertilize soil at death </li></ul>
  4. 5. Family Viperidae (Vipers) Copperhead ( Agkistrodon contortrix )  - Venomous Cottonmouth/Water Moccasin ( Agkistrodon piscivorus )  - Venomous Eastern Diamondback Rattlesnake ( Crotalus adamanteus )  - Venomous Canebrake/Timber Rattlesnake ( Crotalus horridus )  - Venomous Pigmy Rattlesnake ( Sistrurus miliarius )  - Venomous Family Elapidae (Coral Snakes) Coral Snake ( Micrurus fulvius )  - Venomous