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Principles,	  prac-ces	  and	  stakeholder	  expecta-ons	  for	  reducing	  impacts	  of	  oil	  palm	  on	  the	  environ...
Reducing	  Impacts	  of	  Oil	  Palm	                         How	  do	  we	  iden-fy	  and	  protect	    Avoid	          ...
Indonesia	                                     ility	  Ethos	                      g	  Sustainab            Emergin• 	  Le...
Main	  Thema-c	  Threads	  Vision	                    Objec-ves	  &	  Targets	  Informa-on	                Data	  &	  Know...
Reducing	  Environmental	  Impacts	  of	  OP	                            How	  do	  we	  iden-fy	  and	  protect	        A...
Spa-al	  Planning	                              Promote	  economic	  development	  &	  Vision	                    protect	...
Spa-al	   Plan	  
Forest	  Areas	  at	  Risk	  for	  Conversion	  40	                                                                       ...
Social	  &	  Environmental	  	                 Impact	  Assessment	                               Promote	  sustainable	  ...
Has	  spa1al	  planning	  plus	  EIA	  	  helped	  to	  avoid	  	  environmental	           impacts	  from	  OP?	  
What	  explains	  failures	  to	  date?	  • 	  Based	  on	  suitability	  criteria	  not	  sustainability	  • 	  Limita-on...
Norma-ve	  Approach	  to	  Planning	                                        Avoid	  forested,	  high	  carbon,	  high	  Vi...
Forest	  Cover	  Miejnen	  et	  al.	  2010	  	  -­‐	  	  Enhanced	  MODIS	  (ALOS	  +	  Landsat)	  
Forest	  Cover	  Aerial	  photography	  (<1	  m	  res)	     Aerial	  vs	  MODIS	  
Peat	  lands	  
High	  Conserva-on	     Value	  Areas	       HCV	  3	  
Erosion	  Prone	  Areas	  
Norma-ve	  Approach	  to	  Planning	                              Avoid	  forested,	  high	  carbon,	  high	              ...
Decision	  Support	  Tools	  Koh	  et	  al.	  2010	  • 	   	  Spa-ally	  explicit	  trade-­‐off	  analysis	  model	  Univer...
Marxan	  with	  Zones	                                          University	  of	  Queensland	                             ...
Avoiding	  Impacts	  from	  OP	  Opportuni-es                        	         Challenges	  •  Sustainability	  ethos	    ...
Reducing	  Impacts	  of	  Oil	  Palm	    Avoid	                             How	  do	  we	  minimize	  Mi-gate	           ...
Mi-ga-ng	  Impacts	  
Local	  Community	  Logged	  over	  	     Matrix	  of	  swidden	                                                          ...
Business	  as	  Usual	  
No	  Direct	  Nega1ve	  Impact	  
Zero	  Net	  Impact	  
Secure	  Long	  Term	  Posi1ve	            Net	  Impact	  
Secure	  Longterm	  	  Mi-ga-on	  Outcome	                                     Posi-ve	  Net	  Impact	                    ...
Popula-on	  fragmenta-on	  
Mi-ga-ng	  Impacts	  1.  Maximize habitat area & quality2.  Maximize connectivity3.  Enhance the oil palm matrix
Cross-­‐boundary	  Management	                         Maximize	  Area	                           License	  area	  =	     ...
Retaining	  Forest	  Strips	  as...	  Corridors	                         Habitat	  
Maintaining	  Forest	  Strips	  on	  Peatlands	         Asia	  Pacific	  Resources	  Interna-onal	  Limited	  -­‐	  APRIL	  
Mosaic	  Planta-on	  Model	              APRIL	             APRIL	  
Enhance	  the	  Oil	  Palm	  Matrix	     Retain	  2-­‐4	  remnant	  trees	  per	  ha	  
‘Shaggy	  Planta-on’	  Model	  
Mi-ga-ng	  Impacts	  from	  OP	  Opportuni-es	                Challenges	  •  Ac-ve	  area	  of	      •  Government	  poli...
Reducing	  Impacts	  of	  Oil	  Palm	    Avoid	  Mi-gate	                         How	  (should?)	  we	  offset	  impacts	 ...
Offsejng	  Impacts	  of	  Oil	  Palm	  
SLOSS	  Revisited	  ?	  
Biodiversity	  Value	                               Mineral	  	                         Peat	  Fragment	  Size	           ...
Are	  there	  circumstances	  where	  it’s	              beter	  to	  convert	  &	  offset	  ?	         Biobank	  License	 ...
Acknowledgements	  Zoological	  Society	  of	  London	  Wildlife	  Conserva-on	  Society	               Proforest	  
Session 5-3-gary-paoli-principles-practices-stakeholder-expectations-for-reducing-impacts-of-oil-palm-on-the-environment-1476
Session 5-3-gary-paoli-principles-practices-stakeholder-expectations-for-reducing-impacts-of-oil-palm-on-the-environment-1476
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Session 5-3-gary-paoli-principles-practices-stakeholder-expectations-for-reducing-impacts-of-oil-palm-on-the-environment-1476

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Gary Paoli discusses stakeholder expectations for reducing the impacts of oil palm on the environment.

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Session 5-3-gary-paoli-principles-practices-stakeholder-expectations-for-reducing-impacts-of-oil-palm-on-the-environment-1476

  1. 1. Principles,  prac-ces  and  stakeholder  expecta-ons  for  reducing  impacts  of  oil  palm  on  the  environment    Gary  D.  Paoli  &  Philip  L.  Wells    
  2. 2. Reducing  Impacts  of  Oil  Palm   How  do  we  iden-fy  and  protect   Avoid   ‘High  Risk’  areas  that  should  not   be  developed  for  OP?   How  do  we  minimize  Mi-gate   impacts  where  OP  will     be  developed?   How  (should?)  we  offset  impacts   Offset   that  cannot  be  mi-gated  where   OP  is  developed?  
  3. 3. Indonesia   ility  Ethos   g  Sustainab Emergin•   Leading  OP  producer  in  the  world   •   Key  to  meet  surging  global  demand  •   Poten-al  to  expand  rapidly   •   GOI  &  investor  support  for  expansion  
  4. 4. Main  Thema-c  Threads  Vision   Objec-ves  &  Targets  Informa-on   Data  &  Knowledge  Decision  Tools     Analysis  &  Decision  Factors  
  5. 5. Reducing  Environmental  Impacts  of  OP   How  do  we  iden-fy  and  protect   Avoid   ‘High  Risk’  areas  that  should  not   be  developed  for  OP?   Mi-gate   Spa-al  Planning  &   Site-­‐level  ESIA   Offset  
  6. 6. Spa-al  Planning   Promote  economic  development  &  Vision   protect  key  environmental  resources   Topography,  eleva-on,  Informa-on   drainage,  substrate,  rainfall   (but  not  land  cover)   Numerical  criteria  plus  gestalt  (e.g.  Decision  Tools     low  lying  areas  near  rivers  =  good  for   agriculture,  known  deep  peat  areas   avoided  where  possible)  
  7. 7. Spa-al   Plan  
  8. 8. Forest  Areas  at  Risk  for  Conversion  40   Protected  (HL/HSAW)  35   Conversion  (HPK/APL)   Produc-on  (HP/HPT)   35%  30  25  20   41%  15  10   5   0   0-­‐300m   300-­‐500m   500-­‐1000m   >1000m   Source:  SPOT  Veg  2008  –  SARvision   c.  55  million  ha  
  9. 9. Social  &  Environmental     Impact  Assessment   Promote  sustainable  development  by   screening  (reject)  or  modifying  Vision   opera-ons  with  unacceptable  risk  to   people  &  environment  Informa-on   Variety  of  field  &  spa-al  data  types  Decision  Tools     Legal  requirements,  discussion  &   gestalt  
  10. 10. Has  spa1al  planning  plus  EIA    helped  to  avoid    environmental   impacts  from  OP?  
  11. 11. What  explains  failures  to  date?  •   Based  on  suitability  criteria  not  sustainability  •   Limita-ons  of  data  (types  &  quality)  •   EIA  authority  is  decentralized  (local)  &  decision  making  prone  to  abuse  
  12. 12. Norma-ve  Approach  to  Planning   Avoid  forested,  high  carbon,  high  Vision    view,  this   biodiversity,  High  Conserva-on   int  of ay  !   Value,  and  other  sensi-ve  areas     al  po e  tod  a  leg e  don From uld  b coInforma-on   Are  these  data  available?  Decision  Tools     What  analy-cal  tools  are  available   to  support  informed  planning?  
  13. 13. Forest  Cover  Miejnen  et  al.  2010    -­‐    Enhanced  MODIS  (ALOS  +  Landsat)  
  14. 14. Forest  Cover  Aerial  photography  (<1  m  res)   Aerial  vs  MODIS  
  15. 15. Peat  lands  
  16. 16. High  Conserva-on   Value  Areas   HCV  3  
  17. 17. Erosion  Prone  Areas  
  18. 18. Norma-ve  Approach  to  Planning   Avoid  forested,  high  carbon,  high   biodiversity,  High  Conserva-on  Vision   Value,  and  hydrologically  sensi-ve   areas    Informa-on   Are  these  data  available?  Decision  Tools     What  analy-cal  tools  are  available   to  support  informed  planning?  
  19. 19. Decision  Support  Tools  Koh  et  al.  2010  •     Spa-ally  explicit  trade-­‐off  analysis  model  University  of  Queensland  •     Marxan  with  Zones  
  20. 20. Marxan  with  Zones   University  of  Queensland   Create  X  jobs  and     plant  Y  ha  of  oil  palm     without  exceeding  Z  mt   of  GHG  emissions  or   replacing  any  HCV  areas    Oscar  Venter,  Univ.  of  Queensland    
  21. 21. Avoiding  Impacts  from  OP  Opportuni-es   Challenges  •  Sustainability  ethos   •  Forging  a  consensus  Vision   emerging  •  Rapidly  growing  pool  of   •  Balancing  data  coverage,   data  &  analy-cal  tools   resolu-on  and  cost  •  Scope  to  improve  ESIA  for   •  Regulatory  reform  (peat)   site-­‐level  screening   •  Absolute  vs  Rela-ve  loss  •  Due  diligence  by   progressive  companies  to   •  Crea-ng  incen-ves  to   screen  high  risk   promote  behaviors  •  GOI  commitment  to  make   •  Making  available  ‘low   available  ‘low  carbon’   carbon’  deforested  lands   deforested  lands  
  22. 22. Reducing  Impacts  of  Oil  Palm   Avoid   How  do  we  minimize  Mi-gate   impacts  where  OP  will     be  developed?   Offset  
  23. 23. Mi-ga-ng  Impacts  
  24. 24. Local  Community  Logged  over     Matrix  of  swidden   Forest  Reserve   forest   farms  &  forest   patches  
  25. 25. Business  as  Usual  
  26. 26. No  Direct  Nega1ve  Impact  
  27. 27. Zero  Net  Impact  
  28. 28. Secure  Long  Term  Posi1ve   Net  Impact  
  29. 29. Secure  Longterm    Mi-ga-on  Outcome   Posi-ve  Net  Impact   Zero  Net   Impact   No  Direct   Nega-ve   Impact   Mi-ga-on  Effort  
  30. 30. Popula-on  fragmenta-on  
  31. 31. Mi-ga-ng  Impacts  1.  Maximize habitat area & quality2.  Maximize connectivity3.  Enhance the oil palm matrix
  32. 32. Cross-­‐boundary  Management   Maximize  Area   License  area  =   3000-­‐20000  ha  
  33. 33. Retaining  Forest  Strips  as...  Corridors   Habitat  
  34. 34. Maintaining  Forest  Strips  on  Peatlands   Asia  Pacific  Resources  Interna-onal  Limited  -­‐  APRIL  
  35. 35. Mosaic  Planta-on  Model   APRIL   APRIL  
  36. 36. Enhance  the  Oil  Palm  Matrix   Retain  2-­‐4  remnant  trees  per  ha  
  37. 37. ‘Shaggy  Planta-on’  Model  
  38. 38. Mi-ga-ng  Impacts  from  OP  Opportuni-es   Challenges  •  Ac-ve  area  of   •  Government  policy   scien-fic  research   •  Cost  vs  benefits  •  Unplanned   •  High  expecta-ons   experimenta-on   •  Conflict  with  local  •  Cross  boundary   communi-es   collabora-on   •  Pressures  from  indirect  •  REDD+  finance   land  use  change  
  39. 39. Reducing  Impacts  of  Oil  Palm   Avoid  Mi-gate   How  (should?)  we  offset  impacts   Offset   that  cannot  be  mi-gated  where   OP  is  developed?  
  40. 40. Offsejng  Impacts  of  Oil  Palm  
  41. 41. SLOSS  Revisited  ?  
  42. 42. Biodiversity  Value   Mineral     Peat  Fragment  Size   Cost  of  Management  ($/ha)  
  43. 43. Are  there  circumstances  where  it’s   beter  to  convert  &  offset  ?   Biobank  License  to  Destroy    vs    Logical  Best  Alterna-ve  
  44. 44. Acknowledgements  Zoological  Society  of  London  Wildlife  Conserva-on  Society   Proforest  

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