Session 4-1-suer-suryadi-strengthening-legal-frameworks-in-indonesia-1472


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Suer Suryadi discusses the importance of strengthening legal frameworks in Indonesia to protect biodiversity

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Session 4-1-suer-suryadi-strengthening-legal-frameworks-in-indonesia-1472

  1. 1. Strengthening Legal Framework on Oil Palm Plantation in Indonesia: Preliminary results Suer Suryadi Noviar Andayani Nick Brickle Wildlife Conservation Society Indonesia program
  2. 2. The earth has resources to meeteverybody’s need but not anybody’s greed (Mahatma Gandhi)
  3. 3. non forest areaForest areaGunung LeuserNational Park
  4. 4. Just backgroundGrowing oil palm plantationDemand for sustainable palm oilBalancing economy, ecology, sociologyViolation of regulations can occur in every stepof plantation development Location permit in protection area Planting without HGU, without forest release license forest clearing without timber exploitation license No progress report along the processMinimal monitoring and control within agencyand inter-agencies inter-
  5. 5. Previous studyOil Palm, Biodiversity & Indonesian LawSpatial PlanningFinancePolicy Barriers
  6. 6. ObjectivesTo identify key issues in targeted sectorsnot fully regulated by GoITo identify implementation barriers intargeted sectorsTo identify potential conflicts amongregulations in targeted sectorsTo provide policy recommendations aswell as academic draft/legal draft
  7. 7. Regulations for Oil Palm PlantationIn APL/non-forestland/Other Purpose area APL/non- Basic Agrarian Law Plantation Law Environmental LawIn National Forestland Forestry Law Basic Agrarian Law Plantation Law Environmental LawOthers: Company, Investment, Labor, Tax, etc
  8. 8. Sectoral legislationsSpatial Planning Act: 1 GR: 2 MR: 2Agrarian/Land Act: 1 GR: 3 MR: 7Forestry Act: 2 GR: 5 MR: 11Agriculture Act: 2 GR: 2 MR: 4Environment Act: 1 GR: 3 MR: 8
  9. 9. Forestry mapMap:Map: Forestry, National Land Agency, Land-use Land-map (regional spatial plan). 4-16 million ha 4-differentUnclear forest boundaries + hunger of landUrgently need reliable single forest map for allstakeholdersClean and clear mechanism to designate forestuse, boundaries, conflict resolution, forestlandswap, forest release (relinquishment)
  10. 10. Regional spatial planningProvincial/District Regulation, supervise by M PublicWorks and Coord Body for National Spatial PlanningAct 26/2007: All Provincial and District Spatial Plan mustbe completed in 2010Dec 2010: 20 out of 33 provinces have been approved by M Public Works. 7 out of 20 provinces have issued Provincial Regulation 22 out of 398 districts have been approved by M Public Works, 143 are being reviewed, 233 are being revisedReason: moment to change the status of forestland intonon-non-forestland. Need approval from M Forestry
  11. 11. HCV by Company or Government?Company Encouraged by RSPO P&C. ISPO? For certified RSPO members, big company Cost without Incentives from market and government Potentially encroached? Idle land? Conflict 2 GR of agrarian law.Government to protect hydrological function. PD 32/1990 APL << forestland (conservation & protection forest) District/Province need income generation depend on leadership. Forest is barrier for developmentThird party’s involvement? RSPO, NGOs/CSR?
  12. 12. HCV in IndonesiaNo specific regulations for HCV & guideline fromGoIGeneral rule available in Act 5/1990, Act32/2009, PD 32/1990 to protect species,habitat/ecosystem and hydrological function E.g.100 m from river banks. Implementation? Implementation?Agrarian law not support HCVHCV in RSP as strategic area should not beallocated for other purposes.HCV has been mentioned in the draft of newconservation law to replace Act 5/1990
  13. 13. ISPOM Agriculture Decree No. 19/2011Mandatory, commitment to sustainable, emissionreductionNo ISPO certificate = not comply to RSPO P2.Try out in 20 companies in 2011, start 2012-2014 for all 2012-companies & smallholdersG to G relationship. Approach foreign countriesCertified by ISPO CommissionExport to China India, sustainable product version ISPOWhat happen if company/small holders don’t get ISPOcertificate?Transparent? Check this out www.ispo-
  14. 14. Org structure of ISPOC ISPOC Verification Team SecretariatAdministration Technical Promotion Conflict Resolution
  15. 15. ISPO- ISPO-RSPOISPO, 7 principles, 29 Criteria RSPO, 8 principles, 39 criteriaMandatory, M. Agriculture No.19/2011 VoluntarilyP1. Licensing & Management System: 7 P1. Commitment to transparency: 2 criteriacriteriaP2. Implementation of guideline on P2. Compliance with applicable laws &agronomical practices and oil palm regulations: 3 criteriaprocessing: 2 criteriaP3. Environmental Management & P3. Commitment to long-term economic &Monitoring: 10 criteria financial viability: 1 criterionP4. Responsibility to workers: 5 criteria P4. Use best practices: 8 criteraP5. Social & communities responsibility: P5. Environmental responsibility &2 criteria conservation: 6 criteriaP6. Empowerment of communities’ P6. Responsible consideration to employeeseconomic activities: 2 criteria & communities: 11 criteriaP7. Sustainable business improvement: 1 P7. Responsible development of newcriterion plantings: 7 criteria P8. Commitment to continues improvement: 1 criterion
  16. 16. PROPER 2010M Environment program, voluntarily, companies’rank based on environment managementperformanceApply Environmental Law No. 32/2009Gold (environmental excellence), Green (beyond compliance),Blue (comply with regulations), Red, Black Red,Total 690 companies, 85 oil palm plantations1 Green, 59 Blue, 17 Red, 8 BlackAcknowledged n recognized by market? At creatingpublic image in Indonesia
  17. 17. Suspension of new permits for primary forest and peatland conversion Two versions of draft: REDD+ Taskforce & Coord. Coord. Ministry of Economics/M Forestry It’s been presented to vice president on 25 March 2011 Agreed by M Environment, M Forestry, M of Land/BPN & Coord M Economics Secretary of Cabinet GAPKI/APKASINDO oppose moratorium
  18. 18. Two draftsIssues CM for Economy & Forestry REDD TaskforceArea Primary forest & peatland Primary & secondary forest, peatlandTarget Forestry, Home Affairs, BPN, Forestry, Energy & Mining, BPN, UKP4, Governors/Districts REDD TF, Governors/DistrictsWhere Conservation forest, protection Forestland and APL forest, production forest and APLSectors All sectors except geothermal, Logging, plantation, mining oil & gasInclude or Exclude: Extension for existing Include: Review existingexclude concession, approved forest concessions & consider extending relinquishment; Vital project: time frame geothermal, oil & gas, electricity, rice & sugarcaneTime Two years Two years
  19. 19. InstructionsM Forestry: Forestry: Table and map of primary forest and peatland within 1 month, update every six months Suspend any license in the above targeted areasBPN Suspend any HGU/Cultivation Use Rights in forested APL, in targeted areasGovernors & District’s Head Suspend location permit in targeted areasM Home Affairs: Oversight Governors/District’s Heads Affairs:UKP4:UKP4: Monitoring
  20. 20. Suspension new permits for primary forest and peatland conversionTemporarily but entry point to develop clean andclear forest mapConversion forest: Forest area into APL/non forestarea.Degraded land ≠ not productive production forest norsecondary forestPlantation concession vs conservation concessionPeatland.Peatland. All type of peatland Pres.Decree No. 32/1990, thick > 3 m MD Agriculture No. 14/2009, thick > 3m
  21. 21. Preliminary conclusionPlantation and conservation are important,but different languageLegal problem create social problemComfortable zoneShoot the right target
  22. 22. Thanks to:* All participants for input n suggestion* Zoological Society of London* Wilmar International Ltd.* Biodiversity & Agricultural Commodities Program See you soon