Defining organ transplantation
History of organ transplantation
First successful kidney transplant
Organ donation statistics
Transplantation in the light of religion
Role of our president
• Organ donation is the removal of the
tissues of the human body from a
person who has recently died, or from
a living donor, for the purpose of
• Organ donor - someone from whom
an organ is taken for transplantation
• Organ recipient- the one who
receives the organ.
1902- The first experimental animal kidney
transplants at the Veinna Medical School.
1909- The first human kidney transplant
experiments in France.
1933- The first human-to-human kidney
Failure due to mismatches in donor and
recepients blood group.
• 1940’s- Sir Peter Medawar
experimented with the immunologic
basis of organ rejection.
• Early 1950’s-Kidney transplantation
success by the use of cortisone.
• 1954- Joseph E. Murray and his
colleagues in Boston performed the first
truly successful kidney transplant.
• Dr. Christiaan Barnard performed the
world’s first human heart transplant operation
on 3 December, 1967
• Operation was assisted by his brother,
• The operation lasted for nine hours and used
a team of thirty people.
According to the organs, the total
donations could be split into:
• 7180 kidney donations
• 7017 liver donations
• 2275 heart donations
• 2026 pancreas donations
• 1325 lung donations
• 184 intestine donations
According to the race/ethnicity, the total donations
could be split into:
• 5427 white donations
• 1243 black donations
• 1097 Hispanic donations
• 174 Asian donations
• 42 multiracial donations
• 22 AM Indian/Alaska donations
• 19 Pacific Islander donations
• For every one organ or tissue donor,
over 50 lives can be saved or
• Every day 19 people die due to
shortage of organ transplants.
• Nearly 10 percent of the patients under
18 years of age are currently waiting for
• The ability to save life
• Positive moral feelings
• Better quality of life
• Cost effective
• Social responsibility
BENEFITS OF ORGAN TRANSPLANTATION
• According to
Amish, Buddhism, Brethren, Catholicism,
Episcopal, Hinduism, Judaism and so
on, are of the belief that one should
donate their organs to save humanity.
• Baptist belief that donation is supported
as an act of charity.
• President Asif Ali Zardari has become the
first President to donate all his body
organs after signing a bill to enact a law to
regulate transplant of human organs in the
• The organ transplantation bill lying
unattended in the house of the parliament.
• All Muslim countries, and many others,
have already passed necessary