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Jatropha curcas  Prof. K.S. Neelakantan, I.F.S.               DeanForest College & Research institute
BIODIESELDr.Rudolf Diesel – 1895– Peanut oilThe use of vegetable oils forengine fuel may seeminsignificant today.     Buts...
OriginSouth America & Africa            16th century – India – Portugese settlers.
Concept of BiodieselSoya based Biodiesel      –U.S.ARape seed based biodiesel – GermanSunflower based biodiesel – France &...
World Energy Consumption (in MOTE)Country   Oil    Gas    Coal   Nuclear   Hydro   Total    Per                           ...
Indian Production and Import of Crude Oil (Million tones) Year    Production   Import   Total   Import      Cost          ...
Planning Commission - GoIVisionPhase I – Demonstration Project 2003-2007Phase II – Self sustaining & expansion 2007-2012II...
Planning Commission – GoI (Contd...)Micro MissionForest land            - Gujarat, Chatisgargh, Tamil Nadu, Tripura       ...
TN Government  Initiatives
Forest College      &  Jatropha
Crop Mandate – 1992 onwards Ongoing Projects 1. Afforestation of wasteland through    energy plantations – SLUB 2. NOVOD –...
Jatropha Cultivation                               & Management                        Propagation –                      ...
Spacing –2x2m to 3x3mIrrigationNil – with proper & well      distributed rainfallAdditional irrigation – need             ...
Fertilizer ApplicationOrganic      – FYM – 5 kg/plantInorganic    – 20g of urea               120 g super p               ...
Pest and Disease Pest – Defoliator Disease Nursery – Damping off Field – Root rot Bavistin & COC
Yield1st yield         – 1st yearHarvestable yield – 3rd yearEconomic yield – 5th yearRainfed           – 200 g to 2.5 kgI...
GermplasmSpecies collectionJatropha curcasJatropha curcas (nontoxic)J. curcas x J integrerrimaJatropha gossypifoliaJatroph...
Seed sources – 19Oil content - 26.6 to 35.5%TNMC-6
Production and Supply of Quality       Planting Materials  State Agricultural Dept.  Horticultural Dept.  DRDA  Railways  ...
1. Development of hybrids2. Screening superior clones for higher   productivity, resistance and drought   tolerance3.   De...
6. Human Resource DevelopmentInstitute offers Trainings to                         Farmers                         Departm...
7. Short and long term consultancy to agro-based industries  and farmers
Requirement of Land for Jatropha                For Indian Railways                5%     -     52,000 ha                1...
Cost of Cultivation / ha (TNAU)Land                                      Poor soil / RainfedSpacing                       ...
Cost of Cultivation / ha (NGO’s)                                                           SeedLand                       ...
Cost of Cultivation / ha (NGO’s)                                                      SeedlingsLand                       ...
Yield and Economic Projections                              Poor Soil / Rainfed   Normal Soil   Fertile Soil              ...
TNAU – Pilot Plant for Bio-dieselCost of plant            -     Rs. 1.5 lakhsCapacity                 -     250 lit/dayCon...
Effect on Rural Economy Seed price – Rs.5/kg Seed yield – 2000 – 3000 kg 5 ha plantations/Group Rs.60,000 per year income ...
Jatropha Curcas Oil: Miracle Plant for Small Villages in India
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Jatropha Curcas Oil: Miracle Plant for Small Villages in India

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Jatropha Curcas Oil: Miracle Plant for Small Villages in India

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Jatropha Curcas Oil: Miracle Plant for Small Villages in India

  1. 1. Jatropha curcas Prof. K.S. Neelakantan, I.F.S. DeanForest College & Research institute
  2. 2. BIODIESELDr.Rudolf Diesel – 1895– Peanut oilThe use of vegetable oils forengine fuel may seeminsignificant today. Butsuch oils may become incourse of time as importantas petroleum and the coaltar products of the presenttime
  3. 3. OriginSouth America & Africa 16th century – India – Portugese settlers.
  4. 4. Concept of BiodieselSoya based Biodiesel –U.S.ARape seed based biodiesel – GermanSunflower based biodiesel – France & U.KIncentives & tax concessions are offered.
  5. 5. World Energy Consumption (in MOTE)Country Oil Gas Coal Nuclear Hydro Total Per capita KG USA 883 553 543 198 26 2205 8077China 200 19 511 4.1 18 753 602 India 95 21 150 3.3 7 276 277 % 34 8 54 1.1 2.5 100Africa 116 47 89 3.9 6 261 416Japan 259 67 92 82 8 507 3995World 3462 2064 2130 651 227 8537 1428
  6. 6. Indian Production and Import of Crude Oil (Million tones) Year Production Import Total Import Cost % Rs. in Crores1971 6.8 11.7 18.5 63 1071981 10.5 16.2 26.7 61 33491991 33 20.7 53.7 39 61182001 32 57.9 89.9 64 306952002 32 73.5 105 70 90,000
  7. 7. Planning Commission - GoIVisionPhase I – Demonstration Project 2003-2007Phase II – Self sustaining & expansion 2007-2012IIM Ahamadabad Study –In Gujarat & Maharashtra Jatropha is popular as soap oil
  8. 8. Planning Commission – GoI (Contd...)Micro MissionForest land - Gujarat, Chatisgargh, Tamil Nadu, Tripura 50000/ha/stateNon-forest land - NOVOD Board, Ministry of Agrl. & CooperativesOther lands - Other Dept. of Rural DevelopmentProcurement ofSeed & oil extraction - KVICTransesterification,Blending & Trade - IOC, Ministry of PetroleumR&D - SAUs, I I Ts
  9. 9. TN Government Initiatives
  10. 10. Forest College & Jatropha
  11. 11. Crop Mandate – 1992 onwards Ongoing Projects 1. Afforestation of wasteland through energy plantations – SLUB 2. NOVOD – Networking project on Jatropha 3. University – Venture Capital 4. ICAR – Network Project on TBO’s 5. ICAR – Agroforestry 6. ICAR under utilized crop
  12. 12. Jatropha Cultivation & Management Propagation – seeds & cuttingsSoil – wide rangeClimate - arid & semi arid
  13. 13. Spacing –2x2m to 3x3mIrrigationNil – with proper & well distributed rainfallAdditional irrigation – need based
  14. 14. Fertilizer ApplicationOrganic – FYM – 5 kg/plantInorganic – 20g of urea 120 g super p 16 g m.o.pBiofertilizers – Azo. 10 g VAM 50 g
  15. 15. Pest and Disease Pest – Defoliator Disease Nursery – Damping off Field – Root rot Bavistin & COC
  16. 16. Yield1st yield – 1st yearHarvestable yield – 3rd yearEconomic yield – 5th yearRainfed – 200 g to 2.5 kgIrrigated – 500 g to 5 kg
  17. 17. GermplasmSpecies collectionJatropha curcasJatropha curcas (nontoxic)J. curcas x J integrerrimaJatropha gossypifoliaJatropha glanduliferaJatropha tanjorensisJatropha multifidaJatropha podagricaJatropha integerrima
  18. 18. Seed sources – 19Oil content - 26.6 to 35.5%TNMC-6
  19. 19. Production and Supply of Quality Planting Materials State Agricultural Dept. Horticultural Dept. DRDA Railways NGO’s Agroindustries & Farmers 1.5 lakhs seedlings have been supplied
  20. 20. 1. Development of hybrids2. Screening superior clones for higher productivity, resistance and drought tolerance3. Developing strategies for mass multiplication of superior cultivars4. Development of non-toxic Jatropha5. Production, supply & establishment of bio-diesel park in every agro- ecological zones
  21. 21. 6. Human Resource DevelopmentInstitute offers Trainings to Farmers Departmental Personnel NGO’s and Trainers Training Programme
  22. 22. 7. Short and long term consultancy to agro-based industries and farmers
  23. 23. Requirement of Land for Jatropha For Indian Railways 5% - 52,000 ha 10% - 1,04,000 ha 20% - 2,08,000 ha For India 5% - 1.185 millionha 10% - 2.37 million ha 20% - 4.75 million ha
  24. 24. Cost of Cultivation / ha (TNAU)Land Poor soil / RainfedSpacing 2 x 1.5Density 3330 I II IIILand preparation 2000 0 0Planting of seedlings 6600 0 0 @Rs.2/- per seedlingsCost of FYM 0 0 0Fertilizer 0 0 0Irrigation 0 0 0Weeding/ intercultivation/ 2000 2000 2000harvestingTotal 10600 2000 2000
  25. 25. Cost of Cultivation / ha (NGO’s) SeedLand Normal Soil Fertile SoilSpacing 2x2 2x3Density 2500 1670 I Yr. II Yr. III Yr. I Yr. II Yr. III Yr.Land 2000 0 0 1670 0 0preparationPlanting of 5000 Rs.2/- 0 0 3330@Rs.2/- 0 0seedlings per seedlings per seedlingsCost of FYM 1500 0 0 1500 0 0Fertilizer 0 2000 2000 0 2000 2000Irrigation 2000 1500 1500 2000 1500 1500Weeding/ 2000 2000 2000 2000 2000 2000intercultivation/harvestingTotal 12500 5500 5500 10500 5500 5500
  26. 26. Cost of Cultivation / ha (NGO’s) SeedlingsLand Normal FertileSpacing 2x2 2x3Density 2500 1670 I Yr. II Yr. III Yr. I Yr. II Yr. III Yr.Land 2000 0 0 1670 0 0preparationPlanting of 10000 Rs.4/- 0 0 8680 Rs.4/- 0 0seedlings per seedlings* per seedlings*Cost of FYM 1500 0 0 1500 0 0Fertilizer 0 2000 2000 0 2000 2000Irrigation 3000 3000 3000 3000 3000 3000Weeding/ 2500 2500 2500 2500 2500 2500intercultivation/harvestingTotal 19000 7500 7500 17350 7500 7500 * May be subsidized @Rs.2/- per seedlings
  27. 27. Yield and Economic Projections Poor Soil / Rainfed Normal Soil Fertile Soil (TNAU) (NGO’s) (NGO’s)Planting density 2 x 1.5 m 2x2m 2x3mPopulation/ha 3330 2500 1670Seed yield/plant (3rd year) 200 g (Unpruned) 1.00 kg 1.500 kgSeed yield/ha 670 kg (Unpruned) 2500 kg 2500 kgOil kg – 30% 220 kg 830 kg 830 kgCake kg – 70% 450 kg 1670 kg 1670 kgRevenue @ Rs.20/kg oil Rs.4400 Rs.16600 Rs.16600Revenue @ Rs.5/kg cake Rs.2250 Rs.8350 Rs.8350 Gross Total Rs.6650 Rs.24950 Rs.24950
  28. 28. TNAU – Pilot Plant for Bio-dieselCost of plant - Rs. 1.5 lakhsCapacity - 250 lit/dayConversion efficiency - 99%Bye product - GlycerolCost of production - Rs. 4 to 5 / litof bio-diesel
  29. 29. Effect on Rural Economy Seed price – Rs.5/kg Seed yield – 2000 – 3000 kg 5 ha plantations/Group Rs.60,000 per year income Gainful employment in rural sector Contribution to national energy pool

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