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  1. 1. Sultan Qaboos University College of education IT department Actions ModelDoing by:1 Jamal alkindi2ZakariyaAL.siyabiTeacher:Dr: Alaasadik
  2. 2. ACTIONS Model For selecting educational media technology Tony Bates TV Broadcasting# Access:** How accessible is a particular technology for learners?TV is broadcast or one-way technologies, learners cannot access anytime because TV broadcasting is time dependent. The instructorshould tell the learners about the channel, time and subject that willbroadcast for them.**How flexible is it for a particular target group?It needs specific time and place to receive the content from the TV.Moreover, it is necessary for the learners to have TV machine withthe instructional channel.# Costs:**What is the cost structure of each technology?The cost of producing the visual media (TV, video) and of using themare very much higher. It needs equipment, human and technicalsupport, financial and instructional materials that used to deliver thecontent.** What is the unit cost per student?AC (N) = F/N + V = 4500/30 + 2000 = 2150This unit cost for one month.**What are the opportunity costs vs. other technology choices?It is cheap compared to other technology like video conferencing andmobile learning.
  3. 3. # Teaching and Learning:**What kinds of learning are needed?It could be used in distance learning, individual and collaborativelearning.**What instructional approaches will best meet these needs?The presenter delivers the content using different types of media andthe learners receive it. Sometimes instructor can receive questionsfrom the learners. Also, the learners can take notes and do activities.**What are the best technologies for supporting teaching andlearning in this environment?There are many technologies that support teaching and learning inTV environment such as:Telephone line (enable learners to ask questions and receivefeedback), Fax and Email, smart board and satellite.**Can the content be adapted to the technology?Yes, Content is suitable to TV .we can use different materials toexplain and deliver the content.**What skills does the technology develop?This Technology can the Listing skills, Focusing skills (attention),writing skills (Note taking), and Thinking skills.# Interactivity and User-friendliness:**What kind of interaction does this technology enable?(Synchronous or asynchronous)TV broadcasting is synchronous and asynchronous because its life byusing telephone line (synchronous) and students can communicatewith each other or the instructor.
  4. 4. **How easy is it to use and learn?Learners can use TV broadcasting by themselves without anydifficulties. It is very easy and learners can receive and gain theinformation in multi-format easily.# Organizational Issues:**What are the organizational and Institutional requirementsto provide stability and support?It require technical support, maintenance, production team (teacher,photographer, editor, director and course designer)**What are the barriers to using this technology successfully withinthe institution?TV broadcasting needs electricity or power. Also, learners cannotrecord the lesson, and it is not available at any time (there is aspecific time for broadcast the lesson).**What changes need to be made within the organization toincorporate the technology?The organization should repeat the lesson more than one time andtell the learners about that. Also, it must provide expert team todeliver the materials.# Novelty:**How new is the technology?TV broadcasting is popular and used from long time, but it stilleffective medium.**What are its technical capabilities?Screen size (LCD screen), quality of pictures and sound (stereo).
  5. 5. # Speed**How quickly can courses be created and distributed with thistechnology?TV is an effective medium for spreading education, because thelanguage of TV is rich, powerful. It can reach a wide number oflearners in short time.On the other hand, creation and development of course take time andneeds effort and skills.**How quickly can materials be changed?It is easy to change the materials quickly. The instructor can modifythe content by adding new information and multimedia materials(videos, pictures, animations and audio).