By Zoilo Broach
1. Nationalities2. Stem Changing Verbs3. Para4. IOP5. Pronoun Placement6. Gustar7. Affirmative and Negative Words8. Superl...
o > ue•Poder,Puedee > i•Pedir,Pidee > ie•Tener,Tieneu > ue•Jugar,Juega
-Means “for” or“in order to”
 Tells “to whom” or “for whom” Can :- Come before a verb- attach to an infinitive- attach to a gerund- attach to an affi...
1. Attach the pronoun to the infinitive2. Attach the pronoun to a progressive tense3. Attach the pronoun to an affirmative...
 Means “to like” Follows an indirect object pronoun Example: He likes to eat.- Le gusta come.
NegativeNadaNadieNingunoNuncatampocoAffirmativeAlgoAlguienAlgunaSiempreTambien
Expresses extremes in adjectives. Drop the lastvowel and add the ending –isimo(a). If lastconsonant is c, g, or z then spe...
 When the direct object is also the doer then apronoun called a reflexive is added in front ofthe verb. These are me, te...
 When giving instructions/commands tosomeone. Put verb in tu form and drop the s. Example : Comer – Come
 Telling someone not to do something Put in yo form, change to opposite vowel, andadd an s. ar > e er/ir > a Example ...
 Primero = First Entonces = Next Antes = Before Despues = After Por fin = Finally
-Ar verbse amosAste asteiso aron-Er verbsI imosiste isteisio ieron
Un dia One dayUna vez OnceAyer YesterdayA noche At nightHace un ano A year agoYa AlreadyEl mes pasado Last monthAnteayer D...
-car > que Tocar > toque-gar > gue Jugar > jugue-zar > ce Comenzar > comence
 Deber = should Use Deber + infinitiveExample : Yo debo bailo.Debo DebemosDebes Debeisdebe Deben
 Modal verb examples : deber, desear, necesitar,poder. No side-by-side conjugated verbsExample: Yo debo canto = Incorrect
 -er and –ir verbs change to –iendo -ar verbs change to –ando If verb ends in a double vowel (like leer) itchanges to y...
 If ending in –o or –a adjective changes to –amente. If ending in –e or a consonant then add –menteExample: Feliz > Feli...
Grammar book first check
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Grammar book first check

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Grammar book first check

  1. 1. By Zoilo Broach
  2. 2. 1. Nationalities2. Stem Changing Verbs3. Para4. IOP5. Pronoun Placement6. Gustar7. Affirmative and Negative Words8. Superlatives9. Reflexives10. Affirmative tu commands + irregulars + pronoun placement11. negative tu command + irregulars + pronoun placement12. Sequencing events
  3. 3. o > ue•Poder,Puedee > i•Pedir,Pidee > ie•Tener,Tieneu > ue•Jugar,Juega
  4. 4. -Means “for” or“in order to”
  5. 5.  Tells “to whom” or “for whom” Can :- Come before a verb- attach to an infinitive- attach to a gerund- attach to an affirmative command
  6. 6. 1. Attach the pronoun to the infinitive2. Attach the pronoun to a progressive tense3. Attach the pronoun to an affirmative command4. Place the pronoun before a conjugated verb
  7. 7.  Means “to like” Follows an indirect object pronoun Example: He likes to eat.- Le gusta come.
  8. 8. NegativeNadaNadieNingunoNuncatampocoAffirmativeAlgoAlguienAlgunaSiempreTambien
  9. 9. Expresses extremes in adjectives. Drop the lastvowel and add the ending –isimo(a). If lastconsonant is c, g, or z then spelling is changed. c > qu g > gu Z > c
  10. 10.  When the direct object is also the doer then apronoun called a reflexive is added in front ofthe verb. These are me, te, se, nos, and se. Use the correct pronoun, put in tu form anddrop the s. He shaves himself : Se afeita
  11. 11.  When giving instructions/commands tosomeone. Put verb in tu form and drop the s. Example : Comer – Come
  12. 12.  Telling someone not to do something Put in yo form, change to opposite vowel, andadd an s. ar > e er/ir > a Example : No hables
  13. 13.  Primero = First Entonces = Next Antes = Before Despues = After Por fin = Finally
  14. 14. -Ar verbse amosAste asteiso aron-Er verbsI imosiste isteisio ieron
  15. 15. Un dia One dayUna vez OnceAyer YesterdayA noche At nightHace un ano A year agoYa AlreadyEl mes pasado Last monthAnteayer Day before yesterdayPor una hora For one hourPor fin FinallyUna dia One dayA las ocho At eightDos veces twice
  16. 16. -car > que Tocar > toque-gar > gue Jugar > jugue-zar > ce Comenzar > comence
  17. 17.  Deber = should Use Deber + infinitiveExample : Yo debo bailo.Debo DebemosDebes Debeisdebe Deben
  18. 18.  Modal verb examples : deber, desear, necesitar,poder. No side-by-side conjugated verbsExample: Yo debo canto = Incorrect
  19. 19.  -er and –ir verbs change to –iendo -ar verbs change to –ando If verb ends in a double vowel (like leer) itchanges to yendo Example: Cantar > CantandoMover > Moviendo
  20. 20.  If ending in –o or –a adjective changes to –amente. If ending in –e or a consonant then add –menteExample: Feliz > FelizmenteRapido > Rapidamente

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