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Grammar book first check


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Grammar book first check

  1. 1. By Zoilo Broach
  2. 2. 1. Nationalities2. Stem Changing Verbs3. Para4. IOP5. Pronoun Placement6. Gustar7. Affirmative and Negative Words8. Superlatives9. Reflexives10. Affirmative tu commands + irregulars + pronoun placement11. negative tu command + irregulars + pronoun placement12. Sequencing events
  3. 3. o > ue e>i e > ie u > ue• Poder, Puede • Pedir, Pide • Tener, Tiene • Jugar, Juega
  4. 4. - Means “for” or “in order to”
  5. 5.  Tells “to whom” or “for whom” Can : - Come before a verb - attach to an infinitive - attach to a gerund - attach to an affirmative command
  6. 6. 1. Attach the pronoun to the infinitive2. Attach the pronoun to a progressive tense3. Attach the pronoun to an affirmative command4. Place the pronoun before a conjugated verb
  7. 7.  Means “to like” Follows an indirect object pronoun Example: He likes to eat. - Le gusta come.
  8. 8. Affirmative NegativeAlgo NadaAlguien NadieAlguna NingunoSiempre NuncaTambien tampoco
  9. 9. Expresses extremes in adjectives. Drop the lastvowel and add the ending –isimo(a). If lastconsonant is c, g, or z then spelling is changed. c > qu g > gu Z>c
  10. 10.  When the direct object is also the doer then a pronoun called a reflexive is added in front of the verb. These are me, te, se, nos, and se. Use the correct pronoun, put in tu form and drop the s. He shaves himself : Se afeita
  11. 11.  When giving instructions/commands to someone. Put verb in tu form and drop the s. Example : Comer – Come
  12. 12.  Telling someone not to do something Put in yo form, change to opposite vowel, and add an s. ar > e er/ir > a Example : No hables
  13. 13.  Primero = First Entonces = Next Antes = Before Despues = After Por fin = Finally
  14. 14. -Ar verbse amosAste asteiso aron-Er verbsI imosiste isteisio ieron
  15. 15. Un dia One dayUna vez OnceAyer YesterdayA noche At nightHace un ano A year agoYa AlreadyEl mes pasado Last monthAnteayer Day before yesterdayPor una hora For one hourPor fin FinallyUna dia One dayA las ocho At eightDos veces twice
  16. 16. -car > que Tocar > toque-gar > gue Jugar > jugue-zar > ce Comenzar > comence
  17. 17.  Deber = should Use Deber + infinitiveExample : Yo debo bailo. Debo Debemos Debes Debeis debe Deben
  18. 18.  Modal verb examples : deber, desear, necesitar, poder. No side-by-side conjugated verbsExample: Yo debo canto = Incorrect
  19. 19.  -er and –ir verbs change to –iendo -ar verbs change to –ando If verb ends in a double vowel (like leer) it changes to yendo Example: Cantar > Cantando Mover > Moviendo
  20. 20.  If ending in –o or –a adjective changes to – amente. If ending in –e or a consonant then add –menteExample: Feliz > Felizmente Rapido > Rapidamente