Towards Sustainable Agriculture

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Towards Sustainable Agriculture

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Towards Sustainable Agriculture

  1. 1. United NationsEducational, Scientific and Scientific Committee United Nations Cultural Organization on Problems of the Environment Environment ProgrammeDivision of Ecological and Earth Sciences International Assessment of Agricultural Knowledge, Science and Technology for Development
  2. 2. Key finding: The environmental shortcomings of agriculturalpractice associated with poor socioeconomic conditionscreate a vicious cycle in which poor small-scale farmershave to deforest and use new, often marginal lands, soincreasing deforestation and overall degradation. (# 4)
  3. 3. Key finding: Projections based on a continuation of currentpolicies and practices indicate that global demographicchanges and changing patterns of income distributionover the next 50 years will lead to different patternsof food consumption and increased demand for food.Global cereal demand is projected to increase by 75%between 2000 and 2050 and global meat demand Key finding: Agriculture operates within complex social,is expected to double. More than three-fourths of growth economic and environmental systems and so should bein demand in both cereals and meat is projected to be seen as multifunctional in its nature. A multifunctionalin developing countries. (# 5) approach to AKST will enhance impact on the alleviation of hunger and poverty, and improve human nutrition and livelihoods in an equitable and sustainable manner. (# 6) Key finding: An increase and strengthening of AKST towards greater adoption of agroecological sciences will contribute to addressing environmental issues while maintaining and increasing productivity. (# 7) Key finding: Significant pro-poor progress requires creating opportunities for innovation and entrepreneurship which explicitly target resource-poor farmers and rural labourers. (# 13)
  4. 4. Key finding: Strengthening and redirecting the generationand delivery of AKST will contribute to addressing a rangeof persistent socioeconomic inequities.The choice of relevant approaches to adoption andimplementation of agricultural innovation is crucial forachieving development and sustainability goals. (# 8, 19)Key finding : Many of the challenges facing agriculturecurrently and in the future will require more innovativeand integrated applications of existing knowledge,science and technology (formal, traditional and community-based). (# 10)Key finding: Innovative institutional arrangementsare essential to the successful design and adoptionof ecologically and socially sustainable agriculturalsystems. (# 16)
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