21 lesson 6


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21 lesson 6

  1. 1. Lesson 6 PRE-CLASSICAL PERIOD Objectives: After doing though this lesson you should be able to; 1. name the some outstanding composers in the pre-classical period. 2. give their contribution to music. 3. make a clearer cut impression they made on a particular period. NEXT CONTENTS PREVIOUS 4 5 Lesson 7 8 9
  2. 2. INTRODUCTION <ul><li>Up to the 16th century, the predominant kind of music was sacred vocal polyphony. Since then instruments music slowly and gradually gained importance until it completely gained importance over vocal music. Keyboards instruments like the clavichord and harpsichord (ancestors of the piano) were very popular and various new forms of the new instruments evolved. Greatest of all this forms was the fugue. The suite of folk dances also becomes very popular. </li></ul><ul><li>Gradually the orchestra, which used to be placed behind the curtain backstage rose to a position of great importance. </li></ul><ul><li>The violin gained prominence also and violin making became a well-famed trade especially in Italy. A mati, Stradivarius and Guarnerius were violin maker popular to this day and their instruments costing million. With the improvement of the instrument came improving in individual playing technique thus bringing the virtuoso soloist to fore. </li></ul>NEXT CONTENTS PREVIOUS
  3. 3. Some of the outstanding composers of this period were: Johann Sebastian Batch On the 21st of March 1685 in the town of Eisenach, bach, one of the greatest musicians who ever lived was bored. He belonged to a musical family. In all parts of all beautiful German province of Thuringia lived his aunts, uncles, cousins and sisters who sang and played the organ, the flute or the fiddle. As soon as Bach was old enough, his father taught him to play violin. Today, back in known as the father of modern music. A scientist as well as musicians, he started a system of tuning which make possible for any scale to be played upon the same instruments. NEXT CONTENTS PREVIOUS
  4. 4. <ul><li>Bach wrote primarily for church purposes. His music was mainly polyphonic and he composed in all existing forms for instruments such as the harpsichord, organ, clavichord, orchestra, and small ensemble (chamber music). He was the master of fugue. </li></ul><ul><li>Among his well-known works are the well-tempered Clavichord, six Brandenburg Concertos, Passions according to St. John and St. Matthew the art of the Fugue and Chorales. He did in 1750. </li></ul>NEXT CONTENTS PREVIOUS
  5. 5. George Frederick Handle <ul><li>Handle, a German composer, did a lot of traveling and visiting countries Like Italy and England .Once he visited England and stayed so long that the elector of Hanover (later King George I of England) became angry with him. Their friendship is said to have been restored when during a water festival on the river Thames, lovely music followed when he found out that t was specially written for him by Handel, he immediately forgave him and gave him a pension. That music is known as Handel’s Water Music. </li></ul><ul><li>Handel is now remembered mostly for his oratorious the greatest of which is the “Messiah.” </li></ul>NEXT CONTENTS PREVIOUS