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MOOC, Digital Learning... An opportunity for Egypt

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Third International Conference of the Euro -Mediterranean Association for Sustainable Development in Egypt (EMASDE ).
How MOOC could be an help for mass education in Egypt.

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MOOC, Digital Learning... An opportunity for Egypt

  1. 1. MOOC, digital learning…: an opportunity for Egypt! Yves Epelboin Professor Emeritus UPMC-Sorbonne Universités, Paris Past CIO for teaching and Learning Yves.Epelboin@impmc.upmc.fr Y. Epelboin UPMC-Sorbonne Universités 3rd Int. Conf. Achieving sustainable development in Egypt 2020 Genève 13/09/2014
  2. 2. Agenda • The context • The tools • A new era •A chance for Egypt •It already started Y. Epelboin UPMC-Sorbonne Universités 3rd Int. Conf. Achieving sustainable development in Egypt 2020 Genève 13/09/2014
  3. 3. Information technology • Irreversible impact on all societies and countries – Unlimited access to a huge amount of information (true or false) – A turmoil in the process of delivering knowledge and information – A revolution in the acts of learning and teaching • Mandatory to acquire new skills for the next generation – For the daily work – Public and private lifes Y. Epelboin UPMC-Sorbonne Universités 3rd Int. Conf. Achieving sustainable development in Egypt 2020 Genève 13/09/2014
  4. 4. Information technology and Internet Y. Epelboin UPMC-Sorbonne Universités 3rd Int. Conf. Achieving sustainable development in Egypt 2020 Genève 13/09/2014
  5. 5. Learning, teaching and the digital world • Learning: acquisition of knowledge and skills through experience and study • Teaching: act of showing and explaining how to do, how to understand • Digital world: tools, media & methods to learn and to teach • Started in the 90’s with the web (hypertext) and the PC Y. Epelboin UPMC-Sorbonne Universités 3rd Int. Conf. Achieving sustainable development in Egypt 2020 Genève 13/09/2014
  6. 6. VViirrttuuaall ooffffiiccee GGuuiiddaannccee Learning Management System Tool able to provide the functions of a classroom. SSttuuddeennttss eexxcchhaannggee TTeeaacchheerrss eexxcchhaannggee CCoouurrsseewwaarree Y. Epelboin UPMC-Sorbonne Universités 3rd Int. Conf. Achieving sustainable development in Egypt 2020 Genève 13/09/2014
  7. 7. LMS in the world LMS % world Moodle 44.1 Open source Blackboard 37.3 Desire2Learn 7.9 Sakai 6.1 Open source Source: ListEdTech.com http://listedtech.com/tags/lms Y. Epelboin UPMC-Sorbonne Universités 3rd Int. Conf. Achieving sustainable development in Egypt 2020 Genève 13/09/2014
  8. 8. AA nneeww eerraa Y. Epelboin UPMC-Sorbonne Universités 3rd Int. Conf. Achieving sustainable development in Egypt 2020 Genève 13/09/2014
  9. 9. Massive Open Online Course • Massive: large number of participants – Definition of large? • Depending on the subject • Lurkers, true participants and certification • Open: – No prerequisite but must register – Not Open Source • Online – More than contents: self contained Y. Epelboin UPMC-Sorbonne Universités 3rd Int. Conf. Achieving sustainable development in Egypt 2020 Genève 13/09/2014
  10. 10. Massive distance teaching: a short history • 1972: Open University (UK) • 2000: Learning Management Systems (LMS) • 2002: Open Educational Resources (OER) • 2008: George Siemens “all learners, all teachers” The connectivist MOOC, cMOOC • 2011: S. Thrun, Stanford xMOOC and transmissive MOOC • 2012: Coursera, edX… Y. Epelboin UPMC-Sorbonne Universités 3rd Int. Conf. Achieving sustainable development in Egypt 2020 Genève 13/09/2014
  11. 11. Growth of MOOCs https://www.edsurge.com/n/2013-12-22-moocs-in-2013-breaking-down-the-numbers Y. Epelboin UPMC-Sorbonne Universités 3rd Int. Conf. Achieving sustainable development in Egypt 2020 Genève 13/09/2014
  12. 12. Provider distribution https://www.edsurge.com/n/2013-12-22-moocs-in-2013-breaking-down-the-numbers Y. Epelboin UPMC-Sorbonne Universités 3rd Int. Conf. Achieving sustainable development in Egypt 2020 Genève 13/09/2014
  13. 13. Mass education: a priority for the 21st century • In Africa and Asia one should open one university every day! Y. Epelboin UPMC-Sorbonne Universités 3rd Int. Conf. Achieving sustainable development in Egypt 2020 Genève 13/09/2014
  14. 14. Internet accessibility Mobile devices are becoming available everywhere Y. Epelboin UPMC-Sorbonne Universités 3rd Int. Conf. Achieving sustainable development in Egypt 2020 Genève 13/09/2014
  15. 15. MOOC: a chance for Egypt • In Egypt a young population to educate – + 2%/year – Median age: 24 years • The only solution: massive teaching BUT… Y. Epelboin UPMC-Sorbonne Universités 3rd Int. Conf. Achieving sustainable development in Egypt 2020 Genève 13/09/2014
  16. 16. A concept to be adapted to Egypt • Mix face-to-face & distance learning • Distance learning and local tutors • Face-to-face interchanges among students: local “houses of MOOCs” Y. Epelboin UPMC-Sorbonne Universités 3rd Int. Conf. Achieving sustainable development in Egypt 2020 Genève 13/09/2014
  17. 17. Ensure the quality of teaching • Control of pre-requisites for students • Educate educators and tutors • Train teachers in the use of modern technology • Examinations and grades Y. Epelboin UPMC-Sorbonne Universités 3rd Int. Conf. Achieving sustainable development in Egypt 2020 Genève 13/09/2014
  18. 18. A concept to adapt: education & culture • Need to adapt to the national culture – The way to learn, the method to teach must be adapted to the nation culture and history – International standardization is a danger MOOCs must be build with the participation of Egyptian Academics The organization must be adapted to the Egyptian life and culture Y. Epelboin UPMC-Sorbonne Universités 3rd Int. Conf. Achieving sustainable development in Egypt 2020 Genève 13/09/2014
  19. 19. An important investment • Course scenario renewed • New documents and OER • Massive use of short videos (chunks 5-7 up to 15 mn) • Need of a local organization to sustain the MOOCs A MOOC is a complex team project A MOOC is a complex team project Y. Epelboin UPMC-Sorbonne Universités 3rd Int. Conf. Achieving sustainable development in Egypt 2020 Genève 13/09/2014
  20. 20. Cost of a MOOC • 8 weeks course : 500 h of skilled staff – Teachers – Pedagogical support staff – Technical support staff • Video studios • A network of servers to deliver the courses • Houses of MOOCs http://www.slideshare.net/YvesEpelboin/mooc-a-european-perspective http://www.eunis.org/download/2014/papers/eunis2014_submission_3.pdf Y. Epelboin UPMC-Sorbonne Universités 3rd Int. Conf. Achieving sustainable development in Egypt 2020 Genève 13/09/2014
  21. 21. What to do? • Adapted MOOCs and distance learning are the only solution to solve the need to educate masses of young people Solutions must be adapted to the Egyptian society and culture Y. Epelboin UPMC-Sorbonne Universités 3rd Int. Conf. Achieving sustainable development in Egypt 2020 Genève 13/09/2014
  22. 22. It already started • November 2013:Edraak, an education initiative of the Queen Rania Foundation for Education and Development (QRF) • July 2014: Saudi Arabia’s Ministry of Labor announced the launch of an open-platform Massive Open Online Course (MOOC) portal designed to bridge the gap between education and employment in Saudi Arabia and throughout the Arab world Y. Epelboin UPMC-Sorbonne Universités 3rd Int. Conf. Achieving sustainable development in Egypt 2020 Genève 13/09/2014
  23. 23. What next • Work together to build a project for Egypt – Available forces (academics, support…) – Cost estimates – Teaching priorities • Funding? Y. Epelboin UPMC-Sorbonne Universités 3rd Int. Conf. Achieving sustainable development in Egypt 2020 Genève 13/09/2014
  24. 24. Discussion Yves.Epelboin@impmc.upmc.fr Y. Epelboin UPMC-Sorbonne Universités 3rd Int. Conf. Achieving sustainable development in Egypt 2020 Genève 13/09/2014

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