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MOOCs and avatars: a pedagogical approach for 21st century

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Presentation given at Peda-Forum, Helsinki, Finland, August 20th 2015 about digital pedagogy and the use of MOOCs

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MOOCs and avatars: a pedagogical approach for 21st century

  1. 1. MOOCs and Avatars A pedagogical approach for the 21st century Yves Epelboin Professor Emeritus UPMC-Sorbonne-Universités, Paris Yves.Epelboin@impmc.upmc.fr
  2. 2. Agenda  A very slow tsunami  MOOC: some approaches  Building a MOOC  MOOCs for Europe  Business models  Driving students to success Peda-Forum Helsinki August 20th 2015 Y.Epelboin
  3. 3. US context: students debt Tuition fees at an inacceptable level:  Up to 10 000 $ in public universities  40 000 – 60 000 $ in private universities Le Monde 26/04/2015 Peda-Forum Helsinki August 20th 2015 Y.Epelboin
  4. 4. A digital approach as the solution?  Increasing the Higher Education efficiency:  Decreasing the labor costs  Possibility to sell and reuse the courses  Possibility to use less qualified teachers  Increasing the students/teachers ratio  Increasing the « teaching » efficiency  Flipped learning approach Peda-Forum Helsinki August 20th 2015 Y.Epelboin
  5. 5. A very slow tsunami MOOC is not a technology; It is a means to teach and to learn using established technologies. Thus it is moving at the same path as pedagogy MOOC Peda-Forum Helsinki August 20th 2015 Y.Epelboin
  6. 6. Massive Open Online Courses  Open:  No prerequisite but must register  Not Open Source  Online  More than contents: self contained  Documents + assessments + exchange Peda-Forum Helsinki August 20th 2015 Y.Epelboin
  7. 7. Massive Open Online Courses  Massive: large number of participants  Definition of large?  Depending on the subject  Lurkers and true participants  Need to find an alternative to face-to-face interaction  Certification Peda-Forum Helsinki August 20th 2015 Y.Epelboin
  8. 8. MOOC and student retention Success as not the same meaning in a MOOC than in a class P. Hill e-Literate, March 2013 http://mfeldstein.com/emerging-student- patterns-in-moocs-a-revised-graphical-view/ Peda-Forum Helsinki August 20th 2015 Y.Epelboin
  9. 9. MOOC Some approaches
  10. 10. MOOC in the university  Two approaches:  Pure distance learning  Blended learning  Distance learning as alternative to the amphitheater  Part face-to-face: SPOC  Pedagogic approach: flipped learning  Audience restricted or not to the students Peda-Forum Helsinki August 20th 2015 Y.Epelboin
  11. 11. A new approach to Learning  Students on their own to learn  No face-to-face interaction (MOOC) or reduced interaction (SPOC)  Web social alternative requested  Assessments and tests to be rethought Peda-Forum Helsinki August 20th 2015 Y.Epelboin
  12. 12. A new approach to teaching  New ways of teaching  Modules lengths and week timing rethought  Flipped pedagogy  Group work  Enhanced tutoring  Courses fully prepared in advance Pedagogy and course preparation to be fully rethought Peda-Forum Helsinki August 20th 2015 Y.Epelboin
  13. 13. Different approaches  SPOC: University of Central Florida  Some courses available as SPOC for a minor additionnal money  Online courses: Georgia Tech: master in computing for 200 selected students Peda-Forum Helsinki August 20th 2015 Y.Epelboin
  14. 14. Different approaches Arizona State University (ASU)  Universities consortium  First year through MOOCs for less than 6000$  Payment at the end  Participation of edX Peda-Forum Helsinki August 20th 2015 Y.Epelboin
  15. 15. Different approaches Urbana Champaign university  eMBA for 20 000$ 1. First, selected Coursera specializations 2. Agreement of curriculum by Urbana 3. Finish as official MBA degree  Decision to be taken after success to MOOCs Peda-Forum Helsinki August 20th 2015 Y.Epelboin
  16. 16. The MIT Model https://formation.unpidf.fr/fr/mediatheque/media-51 Free MOOCs can only be a by- product of SPOCs and blended learning Communication C. De Oliveira MIT Peda-Forum Helsinki August 20th 2015 Y.Epelboin
  17. 17. Building your MOOC or SPOC
  18. 18. A new approach to teaching  Course scenario mandatory  Documents to be fully rebuild  New approach to video: massive use of shorts videos (5- 15mn)  Use of OER?  New skills requested: video, graphics and teaching designers… Peda-Forum Helsinki August 20th 2015 Y.Epelboin
  19. 19. Human resources MOOC contents:  Teachers  Community managers  MOOC development:  Video specialists  Web integrator and graphic artist  Pedagogic designer  Project manager A MOOC is a project with many people, which needs a project manager Peda-Forum Helsinki August 20th 2015 Y.Epelboin
  20. 20. Workload to build a MOOC Example: 6-8 weeks course:  Course with Math equations, graphics and pictures  Course being used 3 times  Three categories of human resources: teachers, academic and technical support Peda-Forum Helsinki August 20th 2015 Y.Epelboin
  21. 21. Workload Mission Course 1 Course 2 Course 3 Total Teachers 310 h 105 h 105 h 520h Pedagogic Support 160 h 32 h 32 h 225h* Technical support 340 h 70 h 70 h 480h Total 1245h*Rounded Pomerol, Epelboin & Thoury MOOCs, Design, uses and Business models, Wiley 2015 Peda-Forum Helsinki August 20th 2015 Y.Epelboin
  22. 22. Cost Mission Course 1 Course 2 Course 3 Total Euros Teachers 15 000 5 200 5 200 25 400 Pedagogic support 6 000 1 200 1 200 8 400 Technical support 10 000 2 000 2 000 14 000 Salaries ≈ 48 000 € Base: Teachers: 75 k€/y, support teachers: 60 k€/y, tech: 47 k€/y Pomerol, Epelboin & Thoury MOOCs, Design, Use and Business Models, Wiley 2015 Peda-Forum Helsinki August 20th 2015 Y.Epelboin
  23. 23. Total cost  6-8 weeks MOOC:  30 000 € - 120 000 € (external support)  UC San Diego: 150 000 $  Not included:  Delivery  Environment for teachers and staff See: Pomerol, Epelboin & Thoury MOOCs, Design, Use and Business Models, Wiley 2015 Peda-Forum Helsinki August 20th 2015 Y.Epelboin
  24. 24. Cost comparizon Students € 0 20000 40000 60000 80000 100000 120000 140000 160000 100 200 300 400 500 600 700 800 900 1000 Classic MOOC SPOC Peda-Forum Helsinki August 20th 2015 Y.Epelboin
  25. 25. MOOC economy  Less expensive solution:  Below 200 – 300 students: classic approach  Above 500 students blended approach versus classic approach  MOOC valid only above 200-300 students  Staff environment not taken into account Peda-Forum Helsinki August 20th 2015 Y.Epelboin Most universities do not possess neither the manpower nor the budget to massively invest in MOOCs and SPOCS
  26. 26. MOOC Emerging Business models
  27. 27. Facts  Students and employers value credential and diploma, delivered by universities  Badges and certifications are of value for life education  Primary education approach differs from long life learning Different objectives Different business modelsPeda-Forum Helsinki August 20th 2015 Y.Epelboin
  28. 28. Primary education economy  Blended learning and distance learning for freshmen  Cheaper way to handle large classes  Efficient means to attract distant students  A method to increase the participation of minorities?  MOOCs: less worse solution in Asia and Africa where universities do not exist Peda-Forum Helsinki August 20th 2015 Y.Epelboin
  29. 29. Primary education economy  Economic approach valid only if courses used by large number of students  For European universities, this means:  Creation of consortia in most cases to use the same courses  Common courses: Virtual Bavarian University… Peda-Forum Helsinki August 20th 2015 Y.Epelboin
  30. 30. A university model  A three-tiers system MOOC designers MOOC consortium Universities Blended learning MOOC Peda-Forum Helsinki August 20th 2015 Y.Epelboin
  31. 31. Continuous education  Certification instead of degrees  Seriousness of certification?  Online  Traditional  Certification and coherent education? Peda-Forum Helsinki August 20th 2015 Y.Epelboin
  32. 32. Certification  Basic  Offers by all MOOC providers  Just proof of success to the online tests  Simple non secure PDF  Value defined by teachers without specific rules  Poor value Peda-Forum Helsinki August 20th 2015 Y.Epelboin
  33. 33. Certification  Verified  ID and environment checked  Online or classic approach in exam centers  Secure PDF attestations  Sharable (Linkedin) Peda-Forum Helsinki August 20th 2015 Y.Epelboin
  34. 34. Coursera  Certifications & Specializations «… we are hosting nearly 900 courses and I expect to have 1,000 courses on our platform by early 2015. In three years, we’ll have 5,000 courses, which is about the curriculum of your average medium to large university. » Daphne Koller, Knowledge@Wharton 05/01/2015 Tomorrow: online university? Peda-Forum Helsinki August 20th 2015 Y.Epelboin
  35. 35. EPFL  Free access to MOOCs  Certification with Coursera  ECTS with examination in an approved center: 30 €/ECTS, full cursus 8-12 ECTS  Advanced study certificate with personal work (6-10 ECTS, 240/360 €) (Hybrid EPFL Training) « Post-graduate courses oriented towards the acquisition of high value-added professional skills » http://moocs.epfl.ch/page-118161-en.html Peda-Forum Helsinki August 20th 2015 Y.Epelboin
  36. 36. Other examples  Gestion de Projets (ECL Lille) http://mooc.gestiondeprojet.pm/  Freemium with second part for one or two ECTS by payment (50 – 150 €) with different levels of examinations and options  Various options for continuous education (490-690 €)  Futurelearn with Open University  MiriadaX (Spain)  Openclassrooms (France): agreement with ministery of employment There is a huge space for online learning providers with MOOCs (Udacity, Iversity…) Peda-Forum Helsinki August 20th 2015 Y.Epelboin
  37. 37. A continuous education model  A four-tiers system MOOC designers MOOC distributor MOOC broker Company Peda-Forum Helsinki August 20th 2015 Y.Epelboin
  38. 38. MOOC providers?  Unclear Business models?  Will certification and course selling suffice?  Shift of Udacity from Higher Education to Continuous Education S. Thrun: “There is no money to make with HE” Peda-Forum Helsinki August 20th 2015 Y.Epelboin
  39. 39. A user-centric approach: Driving students to success
  40. 40. Learning analytics  High potential impact to improve students success  Definition of indicators still in progress  Limitations  Lack of valid data from many systems  Privacy of data  Definition of predictive indicators Peda-Forum Helsinki August 20th 2015 Y.Epelboin
  41. 41. Adaptive learning Adaptive learning is an educational method which uses computers […] to orchestrate the allocation of human and mediated resources according to the unique needs of each learner. Computers adapt the presentation of educational material according to students' learning needs, as indicated by their responses to questions, tasks and experiences. Wikipedia Peda-Forum Helsinki August 20th 2015 Y.Epelboin
  42. 42. Driving students to success  Blended learning does not rise the rate of success: “Those who succeed succeed better”  Adaptive learning allows to best adapt learning to the capacities and feelings of each person  Learning analytics is the method to introduce individual mentoring at a time of mass education Peda-Forum Helsinki August 20th 2015 Y.Epelboin
  43. 43. Political decisions to be taken  The move towards a digital pedagogy is a political decision:  Choices and priorities to be redefined  Premises to be rethougt:  Fewer classrooms  More commonplace exchange Peda-Forum Helsinki August 20th 2015 Y.Epelboin
  44. 44. Transformin g the university The university must become a student- centered place of encounter and exchange. Otherwise it may not survive. Peda-Forum Helsinki August 20th 2015 Y.Epelboin
  45. 45. We are all involved!  The march towards the digital education:  Impacts all jobs  Reshapes the campus  Overturns the university timings  Modules structure  Semesters  Assessments…
  46. 46. A challenge!  An important challenge for the digital university in the coming years:  True blended learning must be generalized  Tools and services will be more and more user- centric  The digital environment will be more and more complex  The learning spaces must be fully rethoughtWill the universities have the will and the resources? Peda-Forum Helsinki August 20th 2015 Y.Epelboin
  47. 47. Yves.epelboin@impmc.upmc.fr LinkedIn: https://www.linkedin.com/in/yepelboin Twitter: @yepelboin Blogs: http://blog.educpros.fr/yves-epelboin/ (French) http://www.eunis.org/blog/category/erai-2/blogs/ (English) Slideshare: http://fr.slideshare.net/YvesEpelboin
  48. 48. Discussion

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