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Rails Girls: 
Not only for Girls 
RUBYKAIGI 2014, 19 SEPTEMBER 2014 
HARUKA IWAO
Who am I? 
 Haruka Iwao (@Yuryu) 
 Solutions Architect at Red Hat 
 Interests 
 Distributed Storage 
 Operating Systems
Part 1 - Gender Diversity
Do you know what this 
graph shows? 
0 
60 
Men Women
Number of Speakers at 
RubyKaigi 2013 
0 
60 
Men Women 
Data from http://rubykaigi.org/2013/speakers
World Population, 2010 
3.5B 
3.4B 
Men Women 
http://www.geohive.com/earth/pop_gender.aspx
Where does this 
difference come from? 
RubyKaigi 2013 
0 
60 
Men Women 
World Pop. 2010 
3.5B 
3.4B 
Men Women
Women Speakers Rate 
0.0% 
2.0% 
5.2% 
11.1% 
9.9% 
6.8% 7.2% 
0.0% 
4.7% 
N/A 
34.7% 
9.5% 
40.0% 
35.0% 
30.0% 
25.0% 
20.0% 
15.0% 
10.0% 
5.0% 
0.0% 
RubyKaigi PyCon JP LinuxCon JP RubyConf PyCon US LinuxCon NA 
2013 2014 
Estimated by names and photos of the speakers
At Tech Companies 
https://gigaom.com/2014/08/21/eight-charts-that-put-tech-companies-diversity-stats-into-perspective/
How about students? 
http://www.economist.com/blogs/dailychart/2011/09/female-graduation-rates
Two questions arise 
 Why do women choose other fields 
than computer science? 
 Why do we have fewer women 
engineers compared to 
graduates?
Why do women choose 
other fields than 
computer science?
“Be a good girl” 
 Girlish and boyish thingy 
 Playing with dolls 
 Railfan (Railway enthusiast) 
 Sewing / Needlework 
 Driving 
 Study / Research 
 Search with Google Images and 
you will see
Scientist
Florist
Computer programmer
Housekeeper
CEO
Executive secretary
Video – Always #LikeAGirl 
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=XjJQBjWYDTs
Gender gap still exists 
 These search results are from 2014 
 not from the 20th century 
 The gap comes from our culture 
 We need to change, respecting 
our culture
Why do we have fewer 
women engineers 
compared to graduates?
Question 
 Do you take into account 
candidates’ gender when deciding 
hire or no hire? 
 Do you ask candidates to submit 
resume with their gender written?
JIS Resume format 
JIS = Japan Industrial Standard
JIS resume requires… 
Birthday(YYMMDD), Age 
Gender 
(M/F) 
Photo
JIS resume requires more… 
Number of dependent 
family members 
Martial status 
(Married / Not married) 
Does your spouse need to 
be covered by your health 
plan / pension / etc? 
(in other words, does your 
spouse work fulltime?)
Resume and gender 
 Most Japanese companies use the 
JIS resume format 
 collecting gender, martial status, etc 
 Web entry forms, recruiting agency 
referring papers also require gender 
 Why? 
 Because they use such information 
 Google “女性面接質問”
At RubyKaigi 2013
http://peterevjan.com/posts/rubykaigi-2013-great-conference-but-i-probably-wouldnt-go-next-year-if-i-was-a-woman/
http://blog.rubykaigi.org/post/52064582345/we-apologize
So what can we do?
At work 
 Ask candidates not to write gender 
 Or ask HR to hide it 
 Consider interview questions 
 Respect everyone as individual 
professionals
Make our community fair 
 No discriminations or harassments 
 We attend conferences because 
 It is interesting and fun 
 Proposal is accepted 
We want to learn 
 Not because 
 Someone is beautiful or kawaii
Join local activities 
 Rails Girls is looking for 
 Sponsors 
 Volunteers(coaches, organizers, staff) 
 Participants 
 Encourage your colleague or 
children to join 
 Contact me or any staff!
Activities to change the 
situation
Part 2 - Rails Girls
What is Rails Girls? 
 A Rails tutorial for women 
 “Our aim is to give tools and a 
community for women to 
understand technology and to 
build their ideas.” 
 Founded by Linda Liukas and Karri 
Saarinen
History 
 November 2011 
 The first Rails Girls in Helsinki, Finland 
 September 2012 
 The first Rails Girls in Tokyo, Japan 
 Now 
 150+ cities, 220+ events worldwide
Rails Girls Curriculum 
 Guide to install Rails 
 Build your first app 
 Push your app to GitHub 
 Put your app online 
 Apply a modern design with 
Bootstrap 
 Add Authentication with Devise
Rails Girls Cirriculum (2) 
 Add profile pics with Gravatar 
 Test your application with RSpec 
 CD with Travis 
 More advanced topics available! 
 See http://guides.railsgirls.com/
Rails Girls in Japan 
 Held in Tokyo, Kyoto, Sapporo, 
Nara, Osaka, Nagoya and Matsue 
 Staffed with volunteers 
 Sponsored by various companies
Rails Girls Youth 
 Rails Girls “Youth” in Krakow, Poland 
 Focuses on teenagers before 
making important decisions 
http://blog.railsgirls.com/post/85521955069/9-surprises-of-rails-girls-youth-krakow
Rails Girls and Me
My First Rails Girls 
 Rails Girls Tokyo 2nd - March 2013 
 Participated as a “Girl” 
http://www.atmarkit.co.jp/ait/articles/1303/04/news119.html
My Second Rails Girls 
 Rails Girls Tokyo 3rd - October 2013 
 Participated as a “Coach” 
http://blog.railsgirls.jp/post/65614128686/railsgirls-tokyo-3rd
“ 
” 
In learning you will 
teach, and in teaching 
you will learn. 
PHIL COLLINS
At RubyKaigi 2014
I’m here
It’s your turn now
Thank you!

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Rails Girls: Not Only for Girls - RubyKaigi 2014

  • 1. Rails Girls: Not only for Girls RUBYKAIGI 2014, 19 SEPTEMBER 2014 HARUKA IWAO
  • 2. Who am I?  Haruka Iwao (@Yuryu)  Solutions Architect at Red Hat  Interests  Distributed Storage  Operating Systems
  • 3. Part 1 - Gender Diversity
  • 4. Do you know what this graph shows? 0 60 Men Women
  • 5. Number of Speakers at RubyKaigi 2013 0 60 Men Women Data from http://rubykaigi.org/2013/speakers
  • 6. World Population, 2010 3.5B 3.4B Men Women http://www.geohive.com/earth/pop_gender.aspx
  • 7. Where does this difference come from? RubyKaigi 2013 0 60 Men Women World Pop. 2010 3.5B 3.4B Men Women
  • 8. Women Speakers Rate 0.0% 2.0% 5.2% 11.1% 9.9% 6.8% 7.2% 0.0% 4.7% N/A 34.7% 9.5% 40.0% 35.0% 30.0% 25.0% 20.0% 15.0% 10.0% 5.0% 0.0% RubyKaigi PyCon JP LinuxCon JP RubyConf PyCon US LinuxCon NA 2013 2014 Estimated by names and photos of the speakers
  • 9. At Tech Companies https://gigaom.com/2014/08/21/eight-charts-that-put-tech-companies-diversity-stats-into-perspective/
  • 10. How about students? http://www.economist.com/blogs/dailychart/2011/09/female-graduation-rates
  • 11. Two questions arise  Why do women choose other fields than computer science?  Why do we have fewer women engineers compared to graduates?
  • 12. Why do women choose other fields than computer science?
  • 13. “Be a good girl”  Girlish and boyish thingy  Playing with dolls  Railfan (Railway enthusiast)  Sewing / Needlework  Driving  Study / Research  Search with Google Images and you will see
  • 18. CEO
  • 20. Video – Always #LikeAGirl https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=XjJQBjWYDTs
  • 21. Gender gap still exists  These search results are from 2014  not from the 20th century  The gap comes from our culture  We need to change, respecting our culture
  • 22. Why do we have fewer women engineers compared to graduates?
  • 23. Question  Do you take into account candidates’ gender when deciding hire or no hire?  Do you ask candidates to submit resume with their gender written?
  • 24. JIS Resume format JIS = Japan Industrial Standard
  • 25. JIS resume requires… Birthday(YYMMDD), Age Gender (M/F) Photo
  • 26. JIS resume requires more… Number of dependent family members Martial status (Married / Not married) Does your spouse need to be covered by your health plan / pension / etc? (in other words, does your spouse work fulltime?)
  • 27. Resume and gender  Most Japanese companies use the JIS resume format  collecting gender, martial status, etc  Web entry forms, recruiting agency referring papers also require gender  Why?  Because they use such information  Google “女性面接質問”
  • 31. So what can we do?
  • 32. At work  Ask candidates not to write gender  Or ask HR to hide it  Consider interview questions  Respect everyone as individual professionals
  • 33. Make our community fair  No discriminations or harassments  We attend conferences because  It is interesting and fun  Proposal is accepted We want to learn  Not because  Someone is beautiful or kawaii
  • 34. Join local activities  Rails Girls is looking for  Sponsors  Volunteers(coaches, organizers, staff)  Participants  Encourage your colleague or children to join  Contact me or any staff!
  • 35. Activities to change the situation
  • 36.
  • 37. Part 2 - Rails Girls
  • 38. What is Rails Girls?  A Rails tutorial for women  “Our aim is to give tools and a community for women to understand technology and to build their ideas.”  Founded by Linda Liukas and Karri Saarinen
  • 39. History  November 2011  The first Rails Girls in Helsinki, Finland  September 2012  The first Rails Girls in Tokyo, Japan  Now  150+ cities, 220+ events worldwide
  • 40.
  • 41.
  • 42. Rails Girls Curriculum  Guide to install Rails  Build your first app  Push your app to GitHub  Put your app online  Apply a modern design with Bootstrap  Add Authentication with Devise
  • 43. Rails Girls Cirriculum (2)  Add profile pics with Gravatar  Test your application with RSpec  CD with Travis  More advanced topics available!  See http://guides.railsgirls.com/
  • 44. Rails Girls in Japan  Held in Tokyo, Kyoto, Sapporo, Nara, Osaka, Nagoya and Matsue  Staffed with volunteers  Sponsored by various companies
  • 45. Rails Girls Youth  Rails Girls “Youth” in Krakow, Poland  Focuses on teenagers before making important decisions http://blog.railsgirls.com/post/85521955069/9-surprises-of-rails-girls-youth-krakow
  • 47. My First Rails Girls  Rails Girls Tokyo 2nd - March 2013  Participated as a “Girl” http://www.atmarkit.co.jp/ait/articles/1303/04/news119.html
  • 48. My Second Rails Girls  Rails Girls Tokyo 3rd - October 2013  Participated as a “Coach” http://blog.railsgirls.jp/post/65614128686/railsgirls-tokyo-3rd
  • 49. “ ” In learning you will teach, and in teaching you will learn. PHIL COLLINS