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BAROQUE TILL ROCOCO
 From the end of 16th century until 1750.
 Geography: whole Europe+ America.
 Characteristics of the period:
 Religiou...
 The word means imperfection
 New naturalism that reflects the scientific advances
 Taste for dramatic action and emoti...
 Variety within the style
 Art at the service of power
 Two main centres:
 Rome: Pope’s authority
 France: powerful m...
 Long narrow naves replaced by broader or circular forms
 a man describing the Baroque is more apt to mime
the shaping o...
 Dramatic use of light
 Large-scale ceiling frescoes
 Interior a shell for painting and sculpture
 Illusory effects
 Illusionistic ceiling painting, which includes the
techniques of perspective di sotto in sù and quadr...
 They evolved from the Renaissance forms
 Movement toward grand structures with flowing, curving shapes
 Landscape was ...
 Maderno
 He made the Vatican’s façade
 His work destroyed partially Michelangelo’s design
 His work combined the dome...
 Carlo Maderno (1556 – 30 January 1629) was an
Italianarchitect, born in today's Ticino, who is remembered
as one of the ...
 Sant'Andrea della Valle is a basilica church in
the rione of Sant'Eustachio of the city of Rome,
Italy.
 The Church of Saint Susanna at the Baths of is
a Roman Catholic parish church located on
the Quirinal Hill in Rome, Ital...
 Longhena
 He worked mainly in Venice
 His design was selected for building Santa Maria della
Salute
 It is building o...
 Baldassare Longhena (1598 –
February 18, 1682) was an Italian
architect, who worked mainly in
Venice, where he was one o...
 Santa Maria di Nazareth is a Roman Catholic
Carmelite church in Venice, northern Italy. It
is also called Church of the ...
 Santa Maria della Salute (English: Saint Mary of
Health), commonly known simply as the Salute,
is a Roman Catholic churc...
 Ca' Rezzonico is a palazzo on the Grand Canal
in the Dorsoduro sestiere of Venice, Italy.
Today, it is a public museum d...
 It was elegant, ordered, rational and restraided
 It is a rectilinear model, closer to classicism
 It aimed at showing...
 The Louvre Palace is a former royal palace
located on the Right Bank of the Seine in
Paris, between the Tuileries Garden...
 The Palace of Versailles, Château de Versaillesis
a royal château in Versailles in the Île-de-France
region of France.Wh...
 It began later due to the Thirty Years’ War
 Austria developed the Imperial style with Fischer von
Erlach and Hildebran...
 Karlskirche (St. Charles's Church) is a
baroque church located on the south side of
Karlsplatz in Vienna, Austria.Widely...
 The Belvedere is a historic building complex in Vienna,
Austria, consisting of two Baroque palaces (the Upper and
Lower ...
 In England is important Wren
 Baroque was the style used to design town planning
 In Russia it is very decorative, in ...
 St Paul's Cathedral, London, is an Anglican cathedral, the
seat of the Bishop of London and the mother church of the
Dio...
 Cambridge University Library is the main research library
of the University of Cambridge in England. It is also the
bigg...
 French style for interior decoration
 It developped mainly at the end of 1720
 It was used in other countries as a Fre...
 It caught the public taste
 Small and curious buildings
 Elegant parlours, dainty sitting-rooms and boudoirs
 Walls, ...
 http://www.bugbog.com/gallery/london_pictures/st-pauls-cathedral/
 https://www.daysoutguide.co.uk/st-pauls-cathedral
 ...
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BAROQUE And ROCOCO

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BAROQUE And ROCOCO History of architecture

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BAROQUE And ROCOCO

  1. 1. BAROQUE TILL ROCOCO
  2. 2.  From the end of 16th century until 1750.  Geography: whole Europe+ America.  Characteristics of the period:  Religious and political conflicts  Geographical colonization  Scientific development  New astrological discoveries Sun centre of Universe
  3. 3.  The word means imperfection  New naturalism that reflects the scientific advances  Taste for dramatic action and emotion:  Colour and light contrasted  Rich textures  Asymmetrical spaces  Diagonal plans  New subjects: landscape, genre, still-life
  4. 4.  Variety within the style  Art at the service of power  Two main centres:  Rome: Pope’s authority  France: powerful monarchy  Influence of the Counter-Reform  Worry about plastic values
  5. 5.  Long narrow naves replaced by broader or circular forms  a man describing the Baroque is more apt to mime the shaping out of an imaginary mass of soft plastic or clay  This conception had a vital effect on the ground- plan - the outlines of the building as seen from above - that came to be adopted. It led to the rejection of the simple, elementary, analytical plans which were deliberately preferred by Renaissance architects.Their place was taken by complex, rich, dynamic designs, more appropriate to constructions which were no longer thought of as 'built', or created by the union of various parts each with its own autonomy, but rather as hollowed out, shaped from a compact mass by a series of demarcations of contour.  Those typical of Baroque architecture were the ellipse or the oval, or far more complex schemes derived from complicated geometrical figures.
  6. 6.  Dramatic use of light
  7. 7.  Large-scale ceiling frescoes
  8. 8.  Interior a shell for painting and sculpture
  9. 9.  Illusory effects  Illusionistic ceiling painting, which includes the techniques of perspective di sotto in sù and quadratura, is the tradition in Renaissance, Baroque and Rococo art in which trompe l'oeil, perspective tools such as foreshortening, and other spatial effects are used to create the illusion of three-dimensional space on an otherwise two-dimensional or mostly flat ceiling surface above the viewer. It is frequently used to visually suggest an open sky, such as with the oculus in Andrea Mantegna's Camera degli Sposi, or a fictive architectural space such as in the illusionistic cupola, one of Andrea Pozzo's frescoes in Sant'Ignazio, Rome.
  10. 10.  They evolved from the Renaissance forms  Movement toward grand structures with flowing, curving shapes  Landscape was frequently incorporated  New elements as gardens, squares , courtyards and fountains.  Influence of the rebuilding of Saint Peter, in which classical forms integrated with the city.
  11. 11.  Maderno  He made the Vatican’s façade  His work destroyed partially Michelangelo’s design  His work combined the dome with the creation of an space where the Pope could appear publicaly  Other works:  Santa maria della Vittoria  Palazzo Barberini
  12. 12.  Carlo Maderno (1556 – 30 January 1629) was an Italianarchitect, born in today's Ticino, who is remembered as one of the fathers of Baroque architecture. His façades of Santa Susanna, St. Peter's Basilica and Sant'Andrea della Valle were of key importance in the evolution of the Italian Baroque. He is often referred to as the brother of sculptor Stefano Maderno, but this is not universally agreed upon.
  13. 13.  Sant'Andrea della Valle is a basilica church in the rione of Sant'Eustachio of the city of Rome, Italy.
  14. 14.  The Church of Saint Susanna at the Baths of is a Roman Catholic parish church located on the Quirinal Hill in Rome, Italy.
  15. 15.  Longhena  He worked mainly in Venice  His design was selected for building Santa Maria della Salute  It is building of central plan with a great dome that became the symbol of Venice.
  16. 16.  Baldassare Longhena (1598 – February 18, 1682) was an Italian architect, who worked mainly in Venice, where he was one of the greatest exponents of Baroque architecture of the period.  Longhena is considered a contemporary or near-contemporary of a number of prominent Italian architects of the 16th and 17th century such as Vincenzo Scamozzi and Andrea Palladio.
  17. 17.  Santa Maria di Nazareth is a Roman Catholic Carmelite church in Venice, northern Italy. It is also called Church of the Scalzi (Chiesa degli Scalzi) being the seat in the city of the Discalced Carmelites religious order (Scalzi in Italian means "barefoot").
  18. 18.  Santa Maria della Salute (English: Saint Mary of Health), commonly known simply as the Salute, is a Roman Catholic church and minor basilica located at Punta della Dogana in the Dorsoduro sestiere of the city of Venice, Italy.  In 1630,Venice experienced an unusually devastating outbreak of the plague. As a votive offering for the city's deliverance from the pestilence, the Republic of Venice vowed to build and dedicate a church to Our Lady of Health (or of Deliverance, Italian: Salute).The church was designed in the then fashionable baroque style by Baldassare Longhena, who studied under the architect Vincenzo Scamozzi. Construction began in 1631. Most of the objects of art housed in the church bear references to the Black Death.
  19. 19.  Ca' Rezzonico is a palazzo on the Grand Canal in the Dorsoduro sestiere of Venice, Italy. Today, it is a public museum dedicated to 18th-century Venice (Museo del Settecento Veneziano) and one of the 11 venues managed by the Fondazione Musei Civici di Venezia.
  20. 20.  It was elegant, ordered, rational and restraided  It is a rectilinear model, closer to classicism  It aimed at showing the power of Louis XIV monarchy.  The main works are:  Louvre: Le Vau and Perrault  Versailles: Le Brun, Le Vau, Le Notre
  21. 21.  The Louvre Palace is a former royal palace located on the Right Bank of the Seine in Paris, between the Tuileries Gardens and the church of Saint-Germain l'Auxerrois.  Originally a fortress built in the medieval period, it became a royal palace in the fourteenth century under Charles V and was used from time to time by the kings of France as their main Paris residence.  Its present structure has evolved in stages since the 16th century. In 1793 part of the Louvre became a public museum, now the Musée du Louvre, which has expanded to occupy most of the building.
  22. 22.  The Palace of Versailles, Château de Versaillesis a royal château in Versailles in the Île-de-France region of France.When the château was built, Versailles was a small village dating from the 11th century; today, however, it is a wealthy suburb of Paris, some 20 kilometres (12 miles) southwest of the centre of the French capital (point zero at square in front of Notre Dame). Versailles was the seat of political power in the Kingdom of France from 1682, when King Louis XIV moved the royal court from Paris, until the royal family was forced to return to the capital in October 1789, within three months after the beginning of the French Revolution.Versailles is therefore famous not only as a building, but as a symbol of the system of absolute monarchy of the Ancien Régime.
  23. 23.  It began later due to the Thirty Years’ War  Austria developed the Imperial style with Fischer von Erlach and Hildebrandt  In Germany, in the Catholic South Jesuit models were followed while in the Protestant North works were less important  Palace architecture was important in the whole area
  24. 24.  Karlskirche (St. Charles's Church) is a baroque church located on the south side of Karlsplatz in Vienna, Austria.Widely considered the most outstanding baroque church in Vienna, as well as one of the city's greatest buildings, Karlskirche is dedicated to Saint Charles Borromeo, one of the great counter-reformers of the sixteenth century.  Schönbrunn Palace is a former imperial summer residence located in Vienna, Austria. The 1,441-room Baroque palace is one of the most important architectural, cultural, and historical monuments in the country.
  25. 25.  The Belvedere is a historic building complex in Vienna, Austria, consisting of two Baroque palaces (the Upper and Lower Belvedere), the Orangery, and the Palace Stables.The buildings are set in a Baroque park landscape in the third district of the city, on the south-eastern edge of its centre. It houses the Belvedere museum.The grounds are set on a gentle gradient and include decorative tiered fountains and cascades, Baroque sculptures, and majestic wrought iron gates.The Baroque palace complex was built as a summer residence for Prince Eugene of Savoy.
  26. 26.  In England is important Wren  Baroque was the style used to design town planning  In Russia it is very decorative, in quite traditional churches sometimes made of brick; later it was imported from the Low Countries and finally it became an extravagant art.
  27. 27.  St Paul's Cathedral, London, is an Anglican cathedral, the seat of the Bishop of London and the mother church of the Diocese of London. It sits on Ludgate Hill at the highest point of the City of London and is a Grade 1 listed building. Its dedication to Paul the Apostle dates back to the original church on this site, founded in AD 604. The present cathedral, dating from the late 17th century, was designed in the English Baroque style by Sir Christopher Wren. Its construction, completed in Wren's lifetime, was part of a major rebuilding programme in the City after the Great Fire of London.
  28. 28.  Cambridge University Library is the main research library of the University of Cambridge in England. It is also the biggest of 114 libraries within the University.The Library is a major scholarly resource for both the members of the University of Cambridge and for external researchers. Cambridge University Library comprises the main University Library and its affiliated libraries.
  29. 29.  French style for interior decoration  It developped mainly at the end of 1720  It was used in other countries as a French Style  Characteristics:  Galante: luxurious things  Contraste: asymmety  Chinoiserie: exotic character imitating Chinese arts
  30. 30.  It caught the public taste  Small and curious buildings  Elegant parlours, dainty sitting-rooms and boudoirs  Walls, ceiling, furniture and works of metal as decoration  Ensemble of sportive, fantastic and sculptured forms  Horizontal lines almost completely supressed  Shell-like curves  Walls covered by stucco  White and bright colours.
  31. 31.  http://www.bugbog.com/gallery/london_pictures/st-pauls-cathedral/  https://www.daysoutguide.co.uk/st-pauls-cathedral  https://www.stpauls.co.uk/sightseeing-times-prices  https://www.britannica.com/art/Rococo-style-design  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Rococo  https://billlowegallery.wordpress.com/2011/12/11/rococo-on-the-runway/  https://www.thoughtco.com/history-of-architecture-in-photos-4065237  http://www.wikiwand.com/en/Wren_Library  https://redchalksketch.wordpress.com/2010/10/17/cambridge-public-library-by-william-rawn-associates/  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Belvedere,_Vienna  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sch%C3%B6nbrunn_Palace  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Karlskirche  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Palace_of_Versailles  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Louvre_Palace  https://www.google.com.sg/search?q=Santa+Maria+della+Salute&source=lnms&tbm=isch&sa=X&ved=0ahUKEwi4_5OI2bfUAhVEvY8KHaBABM0Q_AUICigB&biw=996&bih=994#imgrc=P0bc7muPso87qM:  https://en.wikipedia.org  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Palazzo_Belloni_Battagia/wiki/Santa_Maria_della_Salute  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Chioggia_Cathedral  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ca%27_Rezzonico  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Scalzi,_Venice

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