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Brief Overview of Open
Access and Institutional
Repositories in Japan
Yui Nishizono
(Librarian, Kagoshima University Libra...
Agenda
1. Brief Overview of Open Access and Institutional
Repositories in Japan
2. Momentum of Open Science in Japan
(for ...
OA publishing (1)
• Number of open
access papers by
Japanese researchers
are increasing.
March 3, 2016
Knowledge Sharing a...
OA publishing (2)
• EJ Platform “J-Stage”
• includes over 1,900 titles published from ca.
1,000 academic societies in Japa...
Development of Institutional
Repositories in Japan
• With support from National Institute of Informatics (NII), universiti...
Number of IRs in Japan
March 3, 2016
Knowledge Sharing about University Data Management - Brief Overview of
Open Access an...
March 3, 2016
Knowledge Sharing about University Data Management - Brief Overview of
Open Access and Institutional Reposit...
An Aspect of Distribution System of
Academic Information produced in Japan
March 3, 2016
Knowledge Sharing about Universit...
OA policy adoption (1)
• A main approach to IR development has started to
change: from grass-roots approach by library
com...
OA policy adoption (2)
• Funder’s OA policy
• JST issued a policy in Apr 2013 which recommends OA
through IR or OA journal...
OA policy adoption (3)
• Institution’s OA policy (Green OA policy)
OA policy adoption is now increasingly spreading.
March...
A Strategy for Future Development of IR
• Reorganization of IR communities/initiatives has
just started.
JASPUL
IR
IR
IR
I...
Momentum of Open Science in Japan (1)
Tipping point:
March 30, 2015
The Expert Panel on Open Science, based on Global
Pers...
March 3, 2016
Knowledge Sharing about University Data Management - Brief Overview of
Open Access and Institutional Reposit...
Momentum of Open Science in Japan (2)
Scholarly Information Committee in MEXT
September 11, 2015
“For the promotion of ope...
Do you use research data (excluding “supplementary
materials” to articles and government statistics) collected in
shared r...
What do you think about disclosing your own
research data on repositories or websites?
*Here “shared repositories” means s...
Research Integrity (1)
August 26, 2014
Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and
Technology (MEXT)
“Guidelines f...
Research Integrity (2)
March 6, 2015
Science Council of Japan
“Towards the Improvement of Integrity in Scientific Research...
The Role of IRs and librarians in Open
Science
• Tackling research data in Institutional Repositories
as OA platform? (may...
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20160303_Brief Overview of OA and IRs in Japan_Purdue Mt

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Slides for a small meeting about RDM in March 3, 2016

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20160303_Brief Overview of OA and IRs in Japan_Purdue Mt

  1. 1. Brief Overview of Open Access and Institutional Repositories in Japan Yui Nishizono (Librarian, Kagoshima University Library) March 3, 2016 Knowledge Sharing about University Data Management - Brief Overview of Open Access and Institutional Repositories in Japan 1
  2. 2. Agenda 1. Brief Overview of Open Access and Institutional Repositories in Japan 2. Momentum of Open Science in Japan (for later discussion) March 3, 2016 Knowledge Sharing about University Data Management - Brief Overview of Open Access and Institutional Repositories in Japan 2
  3. 3. OA publishing (1) • Number of open access papers by Japanese researchers are increasing. March 3, 2016 Knowledge Sharing about University Data Management - Brief Overview of Open Access and Institutional Repositories in Japan 3 • Publishing in pure OA journals are increasing in Japanese researchers. However, their priority in publishing seems not necessarily to be OA. Source: http://hdl.handle.net/11035/2964 * Statistics from WoS. Includes articles without paying APC. Numberofarticles Rates Published year Total number of articles by Japanese researchers Number of OA articles Rates of OA articles
  4. 4. OA publishing (2) • EJ Platform “J-Stage” • includes over 1,900 titles published from ca. 1,000 academic societies in Japan • nearly 90% of them are open access March 3, 2016 Knowledge Sharing about University Data Management - Brief Overview of Open Access and Institutional Repositories in Japan 4 https://www.jstage.jst.go.jp/browse Source: JST http://www.mext.go.jp/b_menu/shingi/gijyutu/gijyutu4/031/shiryo/__icsFiles/afieldfile/2014/12/24 /1354066_02.pdf#page=10
  5. 5. Development of Institutional Repositories in Japan • With support from National Institute of Informatics (NII), universities in Japan have developed institutional repositories. • Under NII IR program (FY 2004-2012), various collaborative projects between NII and selected universities were carried out such as: implementation of IR software; introduction and operation of IR; construction and operation of IR; innovative research and development; and so on… *One of those projects is support for the development of IR communities, such as DRF. • Standard metadata format “junii2” http://www.nii.ac.jp/irp/archive/system/junii2.html (The latest version is available only in Japanese.) • A portal “JAIRO” to IRs, similar to OAIster, based on IRDB (Institutional Repositories DataBase) • NII launched a shared repository service “JAIRO Cloud” as a SaaS in April 2012 toward further expansion. March 3, 2016 Knowledge Sharing about University Data Management - Brief Overview of Open Access and Institutional Repositories in Japan 5
  6. 6. Number of IRs in Japan March 3, 2016 Knowledge Sharing about University Data Management - Brief Overview of Open Access and Institutional Repositories in Japan 6 Figure source: https://www.nii.ac.jp/irp/en/archive/statistic/irp_2015_statistic.html NII IR Program (FY 2004 - FY 2012) JAIRO Cloud, shared repository service by NII, has started in Apr 2012 Percentage of Japanese University implemented IRs (FY 2013): 47.9% Source: MEXT Total number of records in IRs in Japan: 2,203,027 including Full Text: 1,666,505 (As of Feb 29, 2016) Source: NII IRDB Contents Analysis
  7. 7. March 3, 2016 Knowledge Sharing about University Data Management - Brief Overview of Open Access and Institutional Repositories in Japan 7 Source: http://irdb.nii.ac.jp/analysis/index_e.php (As of Feb 29, 2016) 252,095(15.1%) 78,848 (4.7%) 888,676(53.3%) 30,390 (1.8%) 6,902 (0.4%) 20,756 (1.2%) 29,514 (1.8%) 52,409 (3.1%) 51,221 (3.1%) 403 (0.0%) 4,182 (0.3%) 53,534 (3.2%) 30 (0.0%) 197,545(11.9%)
  8. 8. An Aspect of Distribution System of Academic Information produced in Japan March 3, 2016 Knowledge Sharing about University Data Management - Brief Overview of Open Access and Institutional Repositories in Japan 8 Univs NDL (National Diet Library) NII IRDB CiNii for research data?NACSIS -CAT/ILL Catalog Union catalog of Univ libs JAIRO CiNii Dissertations CiNii Books NII-ELS JST J-Stage (EJ Platform) CiNii Articles Japanese Periodicals Index IRs Catalogs Academic Societies Commercial Publishers metadata publish Database of 17 million articles 0.6 million dissertations
  9. 9. OA policy adoption (1) • A main approach to IR development has started to change: from grass-roots approach by library community to top-down approach • Government OA policy • MEXT mandated open access to PhD theses through IRs in March 2013. • Cabinet Office issued a report in March 2015, presenting the guiding principles for promotion of open science in Japan. It requires providing public access to the results of publicly funded research, including papers and research data. March 3, 2016 Knowledge Sharing about University Data Management - Brief Overview of Open Access and Institutional Repositories in Japan 9 MEXT: Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology
  10. 10. OA policy adoption (2) • Funder’s OA policy • JST issued a policy in Apr 2013 which recommends OA through IR or OA journals on J-Stage (EJ platform by JST). • JSPS/MEXT KAKENHI (Grants-in-Aid for Scientific Research) • From 2015 it recommends OA for funded research results. • Also it has the category of “Grant-in-Aid for Publication of Scientific Research Results”, promoting the public dissemination of research results, such as publishing OA journals by academic societies. March 3, 2016 Knowledge Sharing about University Data Management - Brief Overview of Open Access and Institutional Repositories in Japan 10
  11. 11. OA policy adoption (3) • Institution’s OA policy (Green OA policy) OA policy adoption is now increasingly spreading. March 3, 2016 Knowledge Sharing about University Data Management - Brief Overview of Open Access and Institutional Repositories in Japan 11 • Hokkaido Univ. (2007) • Okayama Univ. (2011) • JAIST (2008) • NITECH (2012) • Kyoto Univ. (2015) • Univ. of Tsukuba (2015) • International Research Center for Japanese Studies (2015) • Kyushu Univ. (2016) • Univ. of Tokushima (2016) strongly recommended partly mandate articles deposit in principle articles deposit in principle
  12. 12. A Strategy for Future Development of IR • Reorganization of IR communities/initiatives has just started. JASPUL IR IR IR IR IR IR “JAIRO Cloud” User Community JANUL JAPUL Coordinating Committee for Japanese University Libraries NII Cooperation Promotion Council (2010-) UnivUnivUniv Institutional Repositories Promotion Committee (2013-) * Future scholarly information systems committee (2012-) Japan Alliance of University Library Consortia for E- Resources JUSTICE (2011-) DRF (IR managers’ community. 2006-) shared repository Towards a Unified Initiative 157 337 53191 85 (Nr. of members) * See: “Toward the Establishment of a System for Sharing Knowledge Created at Universities” http://id.nii.ac.jp/1280/00000130/ 12
  13. 13. Momentum of Open Science in Japan (1) Tipping point: March 30, 2015 The Expert Panel on Open Science, based on Global Perspectives, Cabinet office, Government of Japan “Promoting Open Science in Japan—Opening up a new era for the advancement of science—” http://www8.cao.go.jp/cstp/english/ March 3, 2016 Knowledge Sharing about University Data Management - Brief Overview of Open Access and Institutional Repositories in Japan 13
  14. 14. March 3, 2016 Knowledge Sharing about University Data Management - Brief Overview of Open Access and Institutional Repositories in Japan 14
  15. 15. Momentum of Open Science in Japan (2) Scholarly Information Committee in MEXT September 11, 2015 “For the promotion of openness of academic information (Interim Report)” (in Japanese only) http://www.mext.go.jp/b_menu/shingi/gijyutu/gijyutu4/036/ houkoku/1362564.htm Showing specific strategic measures • for further promotion of OA to articles through IRs/OAJ • for (i) acceleration and efficiency of research through utilization of research data; (ii) preservation of and OA to research data as evidence March 3, 2016 Knowledge Sharing about University Data Management - Brief Overview of Open Access and Institutional Repositories in Japan 15 MEXT: Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology
  16. 16. Do you use research data (excluding “supplementary materials” to articles and government statistics) collected in shared repositories or websites. SCREAL Survey 2014 More than once a month, 263, 27% Used in the past, 393, 40% Never used, but want to, 238, 24% Never used, and don't want to, 92, 9% Humani es / Social Sciences More than once a month, 384, 13% Used in the past, 999, 34% Never used, but want to, 1048, 36% Never used, and don't want to, 515, 17% Natural Sciences This slide is cited from: Yoshinori Sato. "Acceptance and Attitude of Japanese Researchers to Open Access“ http://www.screal.jp/FreJap_OA_2015/AgendaItems_20150128_final.html 16
  17. 17. What do you think about disclosing your own research data on repositories or websites? *Here “shared repositories” means subject/field-specific repositories, data archives, and/or institutional repositories that are established to publish and preserve research data on the Internet. Already disclosing, 642, 22% Disclosed in the past, but not now, 197, 7% Never disclosed, but now considering , 912, 31% Never disclosed, and never will, 1,105, 37% Other, 90, 3% Natural Sciences Already disclosing, 309, 31% Disclosed in the past, but not now, 53, 6% Never disclosed, but now considering , 336, 34% Never disclosed, and never will, 255, 26% Other, 33, 3% Humani es / Social Sciences This slide is cited from: Yoshinori Sato. "Acceptance and Attitude of Japanese Researchers to Open Access“ http://www.screal.jp/FreJap_OA_2015/AgendaItems_20150128_final.html 17
  18. 18. Research Integrity (1) August 26, 2014 Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology (MEXT) “Guidelines for Responding to Misconduct in Research” http://www.mext.go.jp/a_menu/jinzai/fusei/1359618.ht m Research institutions have to draw up rules requiring researchers to preserve research data for a set period and to disclose the data as needed, and enforce the rules properly and effectively. March 3, 2016 Knowledge Sharing about University Data Management - Brief Overview of Open Access and Institutional Repositories in Japan 18
  19. 19. Research Integrity (2) March 6, 2015 Science Council of Japan “Towards the Improvement of Integrity in Scientific Research” (in Japanese only) http://www.scj.go.jp/ja/info/kohyo/pdf/kohyo-23-k150306.pdf • Serves as a guide for research institutions to operate the MEXT’s guidelines. • Showing an example for preservation period of research data and other resources supporting articles: • documents, numerical data and images – 10 years • test sample, laboratory equipment – 5 years March 3, 2016 Knowledge Sharing about University Data Management - Brief Overview of Open Access and Institutional Repositories in Japan 19
  20. 20. The Role of IRs and librarians in Open Science • Tackling research data in Institutional Repositories as OA platform? (maybe only small data?) • Examples of ongoing projects concerning IR and RDM in library community: •IRPC: Revision of IR metadata format more appropriately for research data / Development of RDM training tools / Case study of publishing data journal / Rescue the ‘disappearing’ datasets •DRF: Data interview (as reported later) March 3, 2016 Knowledge Sharing about University Data Management - Brief Overview of Open Access and Institutional Repositories in Japan 20

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