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  1. 1. MEANING1. The recount focuses on a sequence of events all of whichrelate to a particular occasion2. It introduces specific participants GENERIC FEATURES3. frequent uses of Simple Past Tense4. Past continuous tense is sometimes used5. Temporal sequencers are also used in the sentences to show FUCTIONthe events. They are listed below:· Before, After, When, While, … until …, During …, As …, Atthat time …, At that moment …, After that …, After then … GENERIC STRUCTUREFirstly …Secondly …Finally, Etc
  2. 2. RECOUNT TEXT How could I Hide my face? One afternoon a month ago, I was very hungry. As I didn’t cook anything to eat lunch, I decided to go to a café introduction that provides my boarding house. 1. Orientation : an about a hundred meters from the setting and introduces participant I changedEvents : account that tells what happened, 2. my trousers and shirt then left for the café by myself because my in a sequence roommate hadn’t come yet from the school. As soon as I got to the café, I ordered the meal withEventvegetable soup that seemed very delicious in the hot day, and · fresh 1 also a glass of tea. When they were served, I ate up eagerly the meal and soup and · Event 2 drank the tea. I was 3 · Event satisfied and it was the time to pay. I grabbed my trousers pocket and I was shocked. My hands didn’t feel there was any wallet there. I felt so · Etc embarrassed that I didn’t dare to see the faces of the customers. My body stayed 3. Reorientation (optional) : Closing of events still on the chair and began sweating. I tried to control myself in front of the people. I collected my courage to come to the cashier to say something. Feeling uneasy, I told her that I left my wallet in the other trousers at the boarding house and promised to take it and come back soon. Some customers looked at me. I thought I must hide my face. She nodded and said it was not a matter. Finally, I ran to the house and got back with the money. I gave it to her and came out of the café. What a relief! It should not happen again to me
  3. 3. The past perfect expresses an activity that was completed before anotheractivity or time in the past. Example : 1. My parents had already eaten by the time I got home. 2. Until yesterday, I had never heard about it. 3. The thief simply walked in. Someone had forgotten to lock the door. If either before or after is used in the sentence, the past perfect is often notnecessary because the time relationship is already clear. The simple past may beused. Example : 1. Sam had already left when we got there 2. Sam had left before we got there 3. After the guests had left, I went to bed
  4. 4. Questions1. John (go) … to the store, when we got john’s house.2. Rina (borrow) …. The books from library, when I called someone.3. Paijo (be, live) …. In kemuhu for six years before he moved to jemblangan.4. After Sujiwo (have, breakfast) …. in restaurant, we took a walk together.
  5. 5. Questions1. He (be) _______ a newspaper reporter before he (become) _______ a businessman.2. Class (begin, already) _______ by the time I (get) _______ there, so I (take, quickly) ________ a seat in the back.
  6. 6. Two subjects connected by both…and take a plural verb. When two subjects are connectedby not only…but also, either…or or neither…nor , the subject that is closer to the verbdetermines whether the verb is singular or plural. Example : 1. Both my mother and my sister are here 2. Not only my mother but also my sister is here 3. Not only my sister but also my parents are here 4. Neither my mother not my sister is here 5. Neither my sister nor my parents are here Notice the parallel structure in the examples. The same grammatical form should followeach word of the pair I. Both + noun + and + noun II. Not only + verb + but also + verb III. Either + noun + or + noun IV. Neither + adjective + nor + adjective Example : 1. The research project will take both time and money 2. Yesterday, it not only rained but (also) snowed 3. I’ll take either chemistry or physics next quarter 4. That book is neither interesting nor accurate
  7. 7. Questions1. He does not have a pen. He does not have paper.2. John has a Lamborghini. Marry has a Lamborghini.3. You can have tea, or you can have coffee.4. Arthur is absent. Ricardo is absent.
  8. 8. Combining Independent Clauses with ConjunctionA conjunction may be used to connect two independent clauses. Punctuation : 1. Usually a comma immediately precedes the conjunction 2. Sometimes in short sentences the comma is omitted 3. sometimes in informal writing a conjunction may begin a sentence Example : 1. I was raining hard, and there was a strong wind 2. I was raining hard and there was a strong wind 3. I was raining hard. And there was a strong wind
  9. 9. In addition to and, but, or, and nor, other conjunction are used to connect two independent clauses : so (meaning therefore, as a result) for (meaning because) yet (meaning but, nevertheless) A comma almost always precedes so, far, and yet when they are used as conjunction Example : 1. He was so tired, so he went to bed 2. The child hid behind his mother’s skirt, for he was afraid of the dog 3. He did not study, yet he passed the exam
  10. 10. Questions1. The box is too heavy to bring, .… I call the taxi2. The days were short, …. it was not December3. Last week peggy bought a car, … she used to taking the bus to school4. I’ve finally finished painting the house, …. Now I can go fishing5. We have to wear warm clothes, …. It’s winter now.6. Bob used to live in the dorm, …. A couple of weeks ago he moved into an apartment.
  11. 11. A Noun-Clause is a group of words which contains a Subject and a Predicate of its own and does the work of a noun.Example :• No one knows who he is.• I did not know what he would do next.• How the budget got in is a mystery.• Pay careful attention to what I am going tosay.• I do not understand how all it happened.