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WRITING 1CAPITALIZATION       1. Anis puspita     2. Kustin puji astuti      3. Lia fitria amelia          4. Nuraini5. Ra...
What is capitalization??        Capitalization is        writing a word with its        first letter as a        majuscule...
Capitalization rules1. The first word of a sentence2. The word I3. The name of person, people, and thing4. The name of hol...
Capitalizing sentences, quotations, and              letter parts           RULE #1    Capitalize the first    word of a s...
RULE #2 Capitalize the first word of a direct quotation that is a complete sentence.Rina said, “The pioneers acted very   ...
RULE #3  When a quoted sentence is interrupted   by explanatory words, such as she  said, do not begin the second part of ...
RULE #3 continued When the second part of a quotation is a   new sentence, put a period after the  interrupting expression...
RULE #4Do not capitalize an indirect quotation. An    indirect quotation does not repeat a person’s exact words and does n...
RULE #5  Capitalize the first word in the salutation and closing of a letter.Capitalize the title and name of the         ...
Capitalizing people’s names and                 titles               Rule #1Capitalize the names of people and the initial...
Rule #2Capitalize a title or an abbreviation of a title when it comes before a person’s name or when it is used         in...
Rule #2 continuedDo not capitalize a title that follows  a person’s name or is used as a           common noun.  Clark him...
Rule #3    Capitalize the names andabbreviations of academic degrees   that follow a person’s name.      Capitalize Jr. an...
Rule #4 Capitalize words that show familyrelationships when used as titles oras substitutes for a person’s name.      In 1...
Rule #4 continued Do not capitalize words that show   family relationships when theyfollow a possessive noun or pronoun.  ...
Rule #5Always capitalize the pronoun I. English lesson is the subject I like.                                         16
Capitalizing place names          rule #1 Capitalize the names of       cities, statescountries, and continents.          ...
rule #2Capitalize the names of  bodies of water and geographical features.Mediterranean Sea   Gulf of Mexico   Niagara Fal...
rule #3Capitalize the names ofsections of the country. Midwest   New England      the Far West                           19
rule #4Capitalize compass points whenthey refer to a specific section         of the country.              the West Coast ...
rule #5Do not capitalize compass points when        they indicate direction.Los Angeles is south of San Francisco. Do not ...
rule #5 continuedCapitalize the names of streets and              highways.          Monroe Street     Route 66           ...
rule #6Capitalize the names of buildings, bridges, and       monuments.   Chrysler Building      Brooklyn Bridge  Washingt...
rule #7Capitalize the names of celestial              bodies.    Pluto            North Star            the Milky Way     ...
Capitalizing other proper nouns and             adjectives              Rule #1 Capitalize the names of clubs, organizatio...
Rule #2Capitalize brand names but notthe nouns following them.      Cruncho peanut butter       Spiffy cleaning fluid     ...
Rule #3Capitalize the names of importanthistorical events, periods of time,and documents        Battle of Yorktown        ...
Rule #4Capitalize names of days of theweek, months of the year, andholidays. Do not capitalize namesof the seasons.       ...
Rule #5Capitalize the first word, the lastword, and all important words in thetitle of a book, play, shortstory, poem, ess...
Rule #6Capitalize the names of ethnic groups,nationalities, and languages.                   Asian                  German...
Rule #7Capitalize proper adjectives that areformed from the names of ethnic groupsand nationalities.               Asian l...
Thanks for your   attention                  32
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7th group ( capitalization )

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7th group ( capitalization )

  1. 1. WRITING 1CAPITALIZATION 1. Anis puspita 2. Kustin puji astuti 3. Lia fitria amelia 4. Nuraini5. Raden muhammad fadillah 1
  2. 2. What is capitalization?? Capitalization is writing a word with its first letter as a majuscule (upper-case letter) and the remaining letters in minuscule (lower case letter). 2
  3. 3. Capitalization rules1. The first word of a sentence2. The word I3. The name of person, people, and thing4. The name of holiday, days, and month 3
  4. 4. Capitalizing sentences, quotations, and letter parts RULE #1 Capitalize the first word of a sentencePioneers pushed the American frontier westward. 4
  5. 5. RULE #2 Capitalize the first word of a direct quotation that is a complete sentence.Rina said, “The pioneers acted very bravely.” 5
  6. 6. RULE #3 When a quoted sentence is interrupted by explanatory words, such as she said, do not begin the second part of the sentence with a capital letter. “They left their homes,” said Lee,“so they could improve their lives.” 6
  7. 7. RULE #3 continued When the second part of a quotation is a new sentence, put a period after the interrupting expression, and begin thesecond part of the quotation with a capital letter.“Many pioneers went west for therich farmland,” said Maria. “Theyalso wanted to build new houses.” 7
  8. 8. RULE #4Do not capitalize an indirect quotation. An indirect quotation does not repeat a person’s exact words and does not appearin quotation marks. It is often introduced by the word that. Tania read that many pioneers traveled in Conestoga wagons. 8
  9. 9. RULE #5 Capitalize the first word in the salutation and closing of a letter.Capitalize the title and name of the person addressed. Dear Mrs. Johnson, Dear friend, Yours truly, Sincerely, 9
  10. 10. Capitalizing people’s names and titles Rule #1Capitalize the names of people and the initials that stand for their names. Meriwether Lewis Susan B. Anthony J. F. Cooper 10
  11. 11. Rule #2Capitalize a title or an abbreviation of a title when it comes before a person’s name or when it is used instead of a name.General Lee Sen. John Glenn Mrs. AdamsDid Lieutenant Clark say, “Yes, Captain, I’ll go with you’? 11
  12. 12. Rule #2 continuedDo not capitalize a title that follows a person’s name or is used as a common noun. Clark himself was later promoted to captain. Thomas Jefferson, then president, planned the expedition. 12
  13. 13. Rule #3 Capitalize the names andabbreviations of academic degrees that follow a person’s name. Capitalize Jr. and Sr. M. Katayama, M.D. Jan Rangel, Ph.D. Robert Ayers Jr. 13
  14. 14. Rule #4 Capitalize words that show familyrelationships when used as titles oras substitutes for a person’s name. In 1960 Father retraced the steps of Lewis and Clark. He was accompanied by Uncle Bill 14
  15. 15. Rule #4 continued Do not capitalize words that show family relationships when theyfollow a possessive noun or pronoun. Sharon’s aunt Janet wrote an article about the trip.Possessive Noun 15
  16. 16. Rule #5Always capitalize the pronoun I. English lesson is the subject I like. 16
  17. 17. Capitalizing place names rule #1 Capitalize the names of cities, statescountries, and continents. Houston Indonesia Japan 17
  18. 18. rule #2Capitalize the names of bodies of water and geographical features.Mediterranean Sea Gulf of Mexico Niagara Falls Atlantic Ocean 18
  19. 19. rule #3Capitalize the names ofsections of the country. Midwest New England the Far West 19
  20. 20. rule #4Capitalize compass points whenthey refer to a specific section of the country. the West Coast the North the Southeast 20
  21. 21. rule #5Do not capitalize compass points when they indicate direction.Los Angeles is south of San Francisco. Do not capitalize adjectives derived from words indicating direction. easterly wind western Texas 21
  22. 22. rule #5 continuedCapitalize the names of streets and highways. Monroe Street Route 66 Mercury Boulevard Candy Avenue 22
  23. 23. rule #6Capitalize the names of buildings, bridges, and monuments. Chrysler Building Brooklyn Bridge Washington Monument 23
  24. 24. rule #7Capitalize the names of celestial bodies. Pluto North Star the Milky Way 24
  25. 25. Capitalizing other proper nouns and adjectives Rule #1 Capitalize the names of clubs, organizations, businesses, institutions, and political parties. Data Corporation Boy Scouts Republican party 25
  26. 26. Rule #2Capitalize brand names but notthe nouns following them. Cruncho peanut butter Spiffy cleaning fluid 26
  27. 27. Rule #3Capitalize the names of importanthistorical events, periods of time,and documents Battle of Yorktown Bronze Age Bill of Rights 27
  28. 28. Rule #4Capitalize names of days of theweek, months of the year, andholidays. Do not capitalize namesof the seasons. Thursday April Memorial Day summer, winter, autumn 28
  29. 29. Rule #5Capitalize the first word, the lastword, and all important words in thetitle of a book, play, shortstory, poem, essay, article, filmtelevisionseries, song, magazine, newspaper, andchapter of a book. A Wrinkle in Time “The Raven” Washington Post 29
  30. 30. Rule #6Capitalize the names of ethnic groups,nationalities, and languages. Asian German Spanish English 30
  31. 31. Rule #7Capitalize proper adjectives that areformed from the names of ethnic groupsand nationalities. Asian languages Italian food 31
  32. 32. Thanks for your attention 32

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