1st meeting

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1st meeting

  1. 1. 1st MaterialGerund &Infinitive<br />YudhieIndra G S.Pd<br />
  2. 2. STANDARD COMPETENCY<br />This course aims at able to understand some english structure for their use and form correctly.<br />
  3. 3. BASIC COMPETENCY<br />Students understand the usage of gerund and infinitives.<br />
  4. 4. INDICATOR<br />Students can differenciate gerund and infinitives<br />
  5. 5. LEARNING ACTIVITY<br />A. GERUND<br />B. INFINITIVE<br />
  6. 6. A. GERUND<br />A gerund is a verbal that ends in -ing and functions as a noun. The term verbal indicates that a gerund, like the other two kinds of verbals, is based on a verb and therefore expresses action or a state of being. However, since a gerund functions as a noun, it occupies some positions in a sentence that a noun ordinarily would, for example: subject, direct object, subject complement, and object of preposition.<br />
  7. 7. KINDS OF GERUNDS<br />1. Gerund as a subject<br />2. Gerund as direct object<br />3. Gerund as subject complement<br />4. Ferund as object of preposition<br />
  8. 8. 1. Gerund as subject:<br />Traveling might satisfy your desire for new experiences. (Traveling is the gerund.)<br />The study abroad program might satisfy your desire for new experiences. (The gerund has been removed.)<br />
  9. 9. 2. Gerund as direct object<br />They do not appreciate my singing. (The gerund is singing.)<br />They do not appreciate my assistance. (The gerund has been removed)<br />
  10. 10. 3. Gerund as subject complement<br />My cat's favorite activity is sleeping. (The gerund is sleeping.)<br />My cat's favorite food is salmon. (The gerund has been removed.)<br />
  11. 11. 4. Gerund as object of preposition<br />The police arrested him for speeding. (The gerund is speeding.)<br />The police arrested him for criminal activity. (The gerund has been removed.)<br />
  12. 12. B. INFINITIVE<br />An infinitive is a verbal consisting of the word to plus a verb (in its simplest "stem" form) and functioning as a noun, adjective, or adverb. The term verbal indicates that an infinitive, like the other two kinds of verbals, is based on a verb and therefore expresses action or a state of being. However, the infinitive may function as a subject, direct object, subject complement, adjective, or adverb in a sentence. Although an infinitive is easy to locate because of the to + verb form, deciding what function it has in a sentence can sometimes be confusing.<br />
  13. 13. EXAMPLES<br />1. To wait seemed foolish when decisive action was required. (subject)<br />2. Everyone wanted to go. (direct object)<br />3. His ambition is to fly. (subject complement)<br />4. He lacked the strength to resist. (adjective)<br />5. We must study to learn. (adverb)<br />
  14. 14. That is the end of my presentation. Thank you for your attention<br />nice to have been with you today,<br />Good Luck<br />And see you again<br />
  15. 15. LONG..TOLOOOOONG<br />

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