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Agriculture growth and poverty redection (1)

I have make it my self and make research and make my own views on the role of agricultre in reducing the poverty.i have try my best and hope so that all the perdons who study my presentatio appreciate me.

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Agriculture growth and poverty redection (1)

  1. 1. YasirMalik RegisterationSS-14-62 Growth and Poverty Reduction:Pro-poorgrowth? What is pro-poor growth? Definition of Pro-Poor Growth: “growth that leads to significant reductions in (absolute) poverty” (OECD 2001, and UN 2000) – italics added in brackets. Too broad for economists since what definition of poverty do researchers use? Kraay (2004) makes this point in his World Bank Working Paper No. 3225, “When is Growth Pro-Poor?” Farm input: The resources that are used in farm production, such as chemicals, equipment Non farm: Total no of paid workers Agri-labour: Temporary and permanent labour for Agri Public goods: An item whose consumption is not decided by the individual consumer but by the society as a whole, and which is financed by taxation Improved access: Equilibrium of demand and supply Better management of natural resources: Taking into account soil, population, climate, vegetation, water-------- Subsistence in food: Farmers grow maximum food to main requirement of his family and society Food security: condition on ongoing foods
  2. 2. Social development : attempts to explain qualitative changes in the structure and framework of society, that help the society to better realize its aims and objectives Environmental : involves making decisions and taking action that are in the interests of protecting the natural world, with particular emphasis on preserving the capability of the environment to support human life An increase in the capacity of an economy to produce goods and services, compared from one period of time to another. Economic growth can be measured in nominal terms, Productivity: an average measure of the efficiency of production. Agriculture Based Economies and poverty Identified by:Agriculture provides basis for growth (i.e. contributes over 30% of GDP)70% of poor live in rural areas Typical areas:Sub-Saharan Africa: Somalia, Eritrea, Djibouti, Comoros, and Mauritania Regions within India & Mexico, Pakistan Intervention focus: Improve smallholder competitiveness Ensure livelihoods and food security.. Transforming Economies and poverty Identified by:Agriculture no longer driver of growth (i.e. 7% of GDP) with rising urban-rural poverty gap 82% of poor live in rural areas Typical areas: South/East Asia (e.g. China, India) Middle East and North Africa (e.g. Morocco, Suddan, Arab World)
  3. 3. Intervention focus:Comprehensive approach and multiple pathways out of poverty to reduce the urban-rural divide shifting to high-value agriculture,decentralising non-farm economic activities to rural areas.. Urban-Based Economies and poverty Identified by:Small agriculture sector (i.e. less than 0.5% of GDP) with high urban poverty 45% of poor live in rural areas Typical areas: Latin America Central Asia Intervention focus:Link farmers to modern food markets Improve quality of agri-business and food industry Introduce market for environmental services .. Result (Outcome) Indicators and poverty 1.Support for consumers vulnerable to short-term food price changes 2.Support for farmers vulnerable to short-term food price changes 3.Access to road transportation 4.Access to land 5.Access to water 6.Access to seeds and fertilisers7. Access to improved breeds of animals/fish 8.Access to extension services9. Access to information on market10. Availability of credit 11.Investment in rural areas 12.Establishing a rural business13. Preservation of natural resources 14.Sustainable management15. practices Environmental services..