Developed in the early 1990s in New York as an alternative to the traditional “continuum of care” modelPlaces chronically homeless individuals directly into permanent housingThis study was inspired by the controversy around 1175 Lee Hill Drive.
Between the publications made available on the groups’ websites and through consultation with housing first proponents in other areas, a consensus on some of the essential best practices emerges. However, the industry would benefit from development of a comprehensive guide for proponents’ future use. This effort would ensure that groups seeking to establish housing first facilities utilize proven, effective practices for community engagement, location selection and mitigation of NIMBY opposition to their projects.“Illuminate the differences btwnat’l orgs and local best practices. That’s we tried to find in our research.”
Provide brief summary of each case study.
Building Strong CoalitionsSingle organization or coalition?Case StudiesPublic: Portland, OR: headed by City of Portland’s Housing Authority and Multnomah CountyQuasi-public: Denver: single non-profit, spurred by government initiative (Denver’s Road Home)Non-profit Coalition: Minneapolis: faith-based and statewide program, but really stand-aloneNon-profit Coalition: Worcester, MA: broad-based coalition of non-profit service providersNon-profit Coalition: Cleveland, OH: broad-based coalition of non-profit service providers – with organization from a national non-profit, Enterprise Community Partners, Inc.
Political endorsement is essential. Depending on the nature of governance, local (city council) or state-level (governor, state senate) may be more important. Ex: Cleveland ward representatives
Political endorsement is essential. Depending on the nature of governance, local (city council) or state-level (governor, state senate) may be more important.
Depending on your city’s history with homelessness, any of three strategies could be effective: distribute sites throughout (Cleveland), concentrate services (Portland, OR), or build at an isolated site (Portland, ME).
Housing First facilities are strategically located throughout Cuyahoga County, Ohio, so that no neighborhood can say it bears an unequal burden. There even a number of single units scattered throughout the city.
In Portland, a range of services (overnight shelter, mental health, PSH) are concentrated within same building
Former hobo encampment in Portland, ME. After choosing a location, consider these design strategies:Adaptive ReuseHip architecture, sexy/sustainable design – LEED-ND
It’s never too early to begin interacting with the host neighborhoodAllow as much time as possible for education (6-9 mos is considered the minimum in Cleveland)Allow time for negotiation (CBA talks in MSP)Identify your neighborhood champions: politicians, neighborhood groups with a charitable mission Identify your opposition (and probably ignore or isolate them)Identify your “fence-sitters”: these are your targets for tours, face-to-face meetings, etc. because they can be brought to your side. Transparency and PropagandaBe honest, but educate aggressively. Ex. Portland, Cleveland, Worcester.
Respect and utilize local knowledge. Before siting, work with politicians and community leaders or groups to identify appropriate neighborhoods (e.g., in Cleveland, politicians and community leaders are involved in the initial site selection process) During design, gather community input. (E.g., preservation of historic façade in Denver)After construction, continue to engage the community both formally and informally (e.g., block parties Portland, ME).
Remember:How do participants assure consensus is meaningful and long-lasting?
In Portland, a GNA is actually required by law. In Denver, GNA is used at some, but not all sites, and usually focuses on management. In Minneapolis, the CBA made specific design specifications, including reducing the number of units from 48 to 41, and also stipulated that minority- and women-owned businesses be involved in construction and management of the facility. Interesting contrasts are Worcester and Cleveland, where a CBA/GNA is avoided because having to put something in writing would be an acknowledgment that the housing first facility is a blight, or at least a potential one.
GNAs are good faith agreements. CBAs are legally bindingExamples: 24-hour surveillance, minority and women owned businesses, etc. Standing Advisory AgreementCommunicationAddressing concerns, current and futureList of key contacts to address concerns2. PropertyMaintaining clean and attractive facilityCommunity ownership (both resident and clients)3. SafetySafety for surrounding residentsSafety for clients24-hour surveillance4. EngagementEngaging Housing First Residents in community eventsPromoting economic diversity – women and minority-owned businessesGNA: required in PDX, new to CapHill DenverCBA: yes in MSP, no in Worcester (didn’t want the negative perception)Reduction 48 to 41Requirements for Women and Minority-Owned businesses
Location%20 ppt final
BringingTeam:Dan Ben-Horin, Evan Carver, Housing FirstMatt Farrar, Dylan Grabowski,Annalisa McDaniel, Kara to YourSilbernagel, Phillip Supino CommunityProfessor Bruce Goldstein
2Agenda Introduction: Why Housing First? National Organizations Case Study Takeaways: How to Win Friends and Influence People Location, Location, Location Go Slow to Go Fast Have Lots of Meetings Make New Friends but Keep the Old Conclusion World Café
3Why Housing First? Developed in the early 1990s in New York Alternative to the traditional “continuum of care” model Places chronically homeless individuals directly into permanent housing. Our research can be applied to future Housing First facility siting in Boulder.
6Win Friends… Quasi-Public Public (Spurred by(Government Public Initiative) Agencies) Building Coalitions Non-Profits (e.g., Church Groups)
7 …and Influence People Political City SupportCouncil Mayor U.S. & State RepresentativesCleveland OH Denver Minneapolis CO MN
8Political Support cont. Governor John Hickenlooper, State Representative Crisanta Duran, and State Senator Betty Boyd at the “The Housing First Initiative opening of Renaissance Uptown. is a program that deserves strong support." Matt Zone, Cleveland City Council, Ward 15
13Go Slow to Go Fast Be It’s Transparent Never EmpowerToo Early Champions Community Engagement ...but Engage the Know Opposition... When to Cut Bait
14 Have Lots of Meetings… Collaborative Processes The Follow-Beginning Up The Middle (Design & Advocacy)Cleveland, Denver, CO Portland, OH ME
15…Then Go Out For Drinks Ensure collaboration is: • Meaningful • Long-lasting
16Make New Friends, But Keep the Old Long-Term Agreements Good Community Neighbor Benefits Agreement AgreementPortland Denver Minneapolis OR CO MN
17 Make New Friends. The Process Maintain and Bring Include both Ensure real, Sign RevisitEveryone to experts and collaborative Agreement Agreement the Table laypeople input Regularly
18 Agreements usually address:Communication Property Safety Engagement•Open avenues •Maintaining •Safety for •Engaging for expressing clean and surrounding Housing First concerns, both attractive residents Residents in current and facility •Safety for community future •Community clients events•List of key ownership •24-hour •Advisory contacts to (both resident surveillance Committees address these and clients) with diverse concerns representation
19 ConclusionBest Practices “Takeaways” • The Coalition Matters • Location Matters • The Tortoise beats the Hare • Engage and Collaborate with the Community • Long-term supporters are just as important as new onesWorld Café