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Womens health issues powerpoint


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Womens health issues powerpoint

  1. 1. Feminine SEXUAL ANATOMY<br />Reproduction<br /> and <br />The Menstrual Cycle<br />
  2. 2. Exits and Entrances<br />Common Name<br />Vaginal Opening<br />Pee Hole<br /> Butt Hole<br />Genitals, Pussy, Yoni<br />Pubes<br />Mound<br />Pubic Bone<br />Outer Lips<br />Inner Lips<br />Taint<br />Anatomical Name<br />Introitus<br />Urinary Opening (meatus)<br />Anus<br />Vulva<br />Pubic Hair <br />Mons Pubis, Mons Veneris<br />Pubic Symphysis<br />Labia Majora<br />Labia Minora<br />Perineum<br />
  3. 3. INTERSEX<br />This term refers to a variety of conditions I which a person is born with sex chromosomes, external genitals, or an internal reproductive system that is not clearly male or female<br />Clitoris may be larger than normal<br />Lack of an external opening<br />Small than normal vagina<br />Surgical procedure are available<br />
  4. 4. The Vagina<br />Common Name<br />Vagina, Birth Canal<br />Cherry<br />G-Spot<br />Clit<br />Cervix<br />Os<br />Hood<br />Womb<br />Tubes<br />Ovaries<br />Anatomical Name<br />Vagina<br />Hymen<br />Urethral Sponge<br />Clitoris<br />Cervix<br />Os<br />Hood of Clitoris<br />Uterus<br />Fallopian Tubes<br />Ovaries<br />
  5. 5. External Female Anatomy<br />
  6. 6. Definitions<br />Introitus- opening to the vagina<br />Meatus- opening to the urethra<br />Anus-opening to the rectum<br />Vulva- protects your sexual organs<br />Pubic Hair- protects, cushions, and prevents irritation during sexual intercourse<br />Mound- skin and fat covering pubic bone to protect and cushion<br />Pubic Bone- joint of the pubic bones<br />
  7. 7. Continued……<br />Labia Majora- protect the inner lips<br />Labia Minora- swell during sexual stimulation<br />Perineum- between vaginal opening and anus; stretches during childbirth<br />Vagina- pathway for menstrual blood and babies<br />Hymen- membrane around vaginal opening<br />Urethral Sponge- erectile tissue for orgasm and pleasure<br />
  8. 8. Continued……<br />Cervix- entrance to uterus from vagina<br />Os- opening to uterus, part of the cervix<br />Clitoris- sexual arousal and orgasm<br />Hood of Clitoris- protects the clitoris<br />Uterus- fetal growth and menstrual blood development<br />Fallopian Tubes- pathway between ovaries and uterus where egg may be fertilized<br />Ovaries- where eggs are matured; site of hormone production (estrogen, progesterone, and testosterone)<br />
  9. 9. Internal Female Reproductive Organs<br />
  10. 10. The Breasts<br />Areola<br />Circle of skin in the middle of the breast surrounding the nipple<br />May vary in color and size<br />Contains the muscles that make the nipple stand out and respond to cold, sexual response, and breast-feeding<br />
  11. 11. Continued….<br />Nipple<br />Center of breast<br />May lie flat, stick out, or go inward (inverted)<br />Contains milk duct openings<br />Responds to sexual excitement, heat, or cold<br />One inverted nipple and one erect nipple<br />
  12. 12. Continued…..<br />Sebaceous Glands<br />Bumps on the areola<br />Secrete lubricant that protect the nipple during breast-feeding<br />
  13. 13. Continued…..<br />Fat- found throughout the breasts to protect the connective tissue<br />Connective tissue- throughout the breasts hold milk ducts in place, milk glands, and provides support for the breast<br />Mammary glands<br />Made of milk producing sacs and tubes<br />Carry milk to the nipple<br />May produce clear fluid when not breast-feeding<br />
  14. 14. Female Breast<br />
  15. 15. Menstruation<br />Puberty- the transition from girl to physical maturity<br />Characterized by breast growth, pubic and axillary hair, and a growth spurt<br />Ovulation and menstruation begin toward the end of puberty<br />Menarche- the term for the first period<br />Diet, body fat, and environment play a role<br />Average age is 9-18 <br />
  16. 16. The Ovaries<br />At birth contain about two million follicles<br />400,000 present at the time of menarche<br />During the reproductive years 10-20 follicles begin to mature under the influence of hormones, but usually only ONE fully develops…the others are absorbed by the body<br />At ovulation the mature egg is released from the ovary and travels through the fallopian tubes<br />If sperm enters the uterus at this point fertilization could occur<br />
  17. 17. Continued….<br />It takes a fertilized egg 5 -6 days to travel to the uterus<br />If not fertilized it disintegrates or flows out with the vaginal secretion<br />
  18. 18. The Cervix<br />Mucous or fluid that is produced by the cervix changes in response to the fluctuation hormones throughout the cycle<br />Sperm can live up to 5 days in fertile-quality cervical fluid<br />After ovulation the vagina usually become drier<br />At ovulation the cervix is usually pulled up higher and the Os is allowed to open slightly<br />
  19. 19. Cervix<br />
  20. 20. The Uterus<br />Estrogen causes the glands of the uterine lining (endometrium) to grow and thicken and increases the blood supply to these glands. This is the proliferative stage<br />This can last 6 to 20 days<br />Progesterone causes the endometrium to secrete and embryo-nourishing substance in the event the egg become fertilized. This is the secretory phase of the cycle<br />If fertilization did not occur estrogen and progesterone levels drop<br />
  21. 21. Continued….<br />This causes the tiny arteries and veins in the uterus to close off<br />The lining is no longer nourished and begins to slough off and is shed from the uterus and out through the vagina <br />This is the menstrual period or flow<br />This is the bodies way of cleansing itself<br />
  22. 22.
  23. 23. Menstrual Fluid<br />Most of the uterine lining is shed <br />The bottom 3rd remains to form a new lining<br />Anovulatory cycle- what appears to be a menstrual period without ovulation having occurred<br />Cycle times vary in each woman<br />Length of period vary in each woman<br />Good idea to keep track of periods for fertility awareness<br />
  24. 24. Cervical Fluid<br />CF is the fluid produced before ovulation that allows sperm to reach the egg<br />Provides an alkaline medium to protect the sperm<br />The vagina is usually acidic, which is deadly to sperm<br />
  25. 25. Menstrual Products<br />Tampons<br />Placed into the vagina with an applicator to absorb menstrual blood internally<br />Pads<br />Places in the crotch of the panties to catch menstrual blood externally<br />Instead Cups<br />Cup shaped device placed high in the vagina to catch blood as it comes out of the uterus, but must be taken out and emptied or replaced<br />Natural Sponges<br />Worn like a tampon and works the same way<br />
  26. 26. Examples….<br />
  27. 27. TSS<br />Toxic Shock Syndrome<br />Rare but life-threatening<br />Linked to high absorbency tampon use<br />Teenage girls and women under 30 are at a higher risk<br />Warning signs are sudden fever, vomiting, diarrhea, fainting, rash<br />Reduce risk by using lower absorbency tampons, switching between pads and tampons, and do not use tampons in between periods<br />
  28. 28. PMS<br />
  29. 29. PMS<br />Pre-menstrual syndrome/symptoms<br />Many woman experience some or all symptoms, others do not<br />Usually happens a few days before menstruation is due to begin<br />Irritability<br />Cramps <br />Tearfulness<br />Depression<br />Medical help should be sought if symptoms are exaggerated or worse than usual<br />