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What is hidden behind eu’s development policy


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Presentation to the English Language School Geo Milev Burgas, an European Ambassador School

Published in: Environment
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What is hidden behind eu’s development policy

  1. 1. What is hidden behind EU’s Development Policy? Teodor Kalpakchiev Governance and Political Inclusion Fellow to the African Union – European Union Youth Plug-In Initiative
  2. 2. How poor are you? • Is your daily allowance higher or lower than 1.9$ / Day, resp. 3.15 BGN (or 94.5 BGN per day / per person?) • Child Labour in Bangladesh (17% below 14 work, for 8$ / Month, more than half below poverty line) - • Do you have access to medical care, water and sanitation, safe shelter? • In Myanmar you receive injections with steroids for virtually anything, the alternative is to fly to Thailand for medical treatment. • Do you have access to knowledge, information, advanced education, clean air, food and water? • If you were born disabled in South Africa you would probably not go to school. • Water in most developing countries is poisonous and only bottled water is to be drunk. Caution must be exercised even when showering. • Waste is virtually everywhere and when there are floods, you are covered in waste up to the waist. • Do you have personal freedoms, are you being maltreated by your family? • Many kids in conservative societies have marriages arranged from the age of 14.
  3. 3. Development Aid – Volumes, Aims, Recipients • Where does foreign aid go? - • From Poverty Alleviation to Sustainable Development • Brundtland „Our Common Future“ report, 1987 • Without compromising the needs of the future generations • Addressing existing needs, esp. poverty (36-12% in 2000-2015) • Overcome limitations imposed by the state of technology and social organization on the environment's ability to meet present and future needs
  4. 4. The post-2015 Sustainable Development Agenda
  5. 5. Why does the EU engage in this process? • The developed western societies are built on exploitation of labour and resources during the industrial revolution (esp. cotton, metal and slaves) • It’s a an act of redemption that aims to offset the future costs of non-development • Critical perspectives include: • Economic neo-colonialism • Regulatory hegemony • Geopolitical influence
  6. 6. European Colonization of Americas and South East Asia
  7. 7. Why is it so complicated? • These processes are dependent on economic growth • But we overproduce, pollute and create enormous amounts of waste • • The rest of the world is deteriorating – there are wars and insecurity, insufficient education coupled with exponential demographic growth, resources and people are exploited • Social progress vs. Economic Growth - > each $ creates less social progress and more pollution than before
  8. 8. How to approach the situation? • Prioritize domestic reinvestment of economic gains into social progress • Transform linear into a circular economy - > • Invest in the wellbeing of other societies, as otherwise migration and pollution will increase • Your personal role? • Communicate these problems, reduce your usage of resources, check packaging of goods, don’t throw food (in EU – 150 tons/person), etc. • Create social ventures – e.g. apps for optimization of farming, which you sell to agricultural producers and reinvest the gains to expand your business
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