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Trade sustainability nexus in the eu


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An overview of potential externalities of European Union's external policies aimed at solving sustainability issues

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Trade sustainability nexus in the eu

  1. 1. Trade-Sustainability Nexus in the EU Instrument Countries Priority Potential Displacement Effect New Trade Agreements (reciprocal + regulatory export + responsibility) Canada, Japan, Singapore, Korea High North-South divide Trade of Environmental Goods China, Japan, USA, South Africa Medium Competitiveness concerns, flooding of EU with goods produced with raw materials that are not controlled Circular Economy Missions China, Colombia, South Africa, Chile High Accumulated expertise not brought back home, resource sovereignty, local sourcing might not be sustainable EU Conflict Minerals Regulation Myanmar, DR Congo, predominantly LDCs High Deflection towards other countries (lithium and jade towards China), moving to cash crops, etc. Sanctions Russia, Belarus, North Korea, South Sudan, Zimbabwe, Venezuela, etc. Medium Re-export and avoidance of rules of origin principles, pariah states alter diplomatic alignment Generalised System of Preferences (+) Georgia, Armenia, Kyrgyzstan, Philippines, etc. High Improper implementation, preference for regimes not requiring compliance, quotas might have externalities Multilateral Environmental Agreements (COP) France, Germany, Morocco, etc. Medium Diplomatic alignment due to competitive aid delivery could transliterate in altered trade patterns Waste import ban, Waste governance ENPI East, Sub-Saharan Africa Low Accumulation of waste, import of secondary materials by other countries (e.g. China) FLEGT (and illegal fishing) C�te d'Ivoire, DRC, Indonesia, Laos, Malaysia, Vietnam, China, Honduras High Overlaps with REDD+, trade diversion Emissions Trading Ukraine, Georgia, Kazakhstan, China, Korea, USA, etc. High Rising production costs and loss of competitiveness, political obstruction Copyright: Teodor Kalpakchiev,