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Circularity innovations: Cases from the Bio-, Blue-, Urban, Shared, Repair and Carbon Economies

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100 Circular Innovations presented by the European Network of Policy Incubators (the-enpi.org), Copyright, Teodor Kalpakchiev

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Circularity innovations: Cases from the Bio-, Blue-, Urban, Shared, Repair and Carbon Economies

  1. 1. Circularity Innovations: Cases from the Bio-, Blue-, Urban, Shared, Repair and Carbon Economies Teodor Kalpakchiev http://the-enpi.org 1
  2. 2. Earth 2100 2
  3. 3. Circularity Principles • Waste hierarchy – from 3R to 9R to prioritize looping • Materials remain in the economy – downcycling, upcycling, repurposing • Modular, repair and regenerative economy • Biomimicry and system integration • Four levels – product, manufacturing, cities, horizontal • ICT connectivity, learning and dematerialization 3
  4. 4. From the Grave to the Cradle 4
  5. 5. Regenerative Economy 5
  6. 6. Bioeconomy • Circular by nature – biomimicry as a starting point • How to value nature in a circular economy? • Reuse, valorization and upcycling of biomaterials, waste and side- products • Diversified outputs: food, materials and energy • Low-tech and high-tech solutions 6
  7. 7. Cases Waste-fed biosilk worms Waste-fed protein-rich larvae 7
  8. 8. Cases Organic fertilizers Utensils from wheat bran 8
  9. 9. Cases Biogas/Bioethanol Anaerobic Digestate 9
  10. 10. Cases Retrofitting Renewable Construction 10
  11. 11. Cases Lichen/Moss-based carbon capture Plant-based air filtering 11
  12. 12. Cases Edible biopackaging Selling Bulk to avoid packaging 12
  13. 13. Biomimicry • Biomimicry based emulation of nature’s functioning and interconnectedness • Copying solutions into the techno-scene • Grease on buildings to improve insulation • Aerodynamic shapes for cars or wind turbines • Urban photosynthesis via PVs and vertical gardens 13
  14. 14. Urban Ecology and Urban Mining Design for Decomissioning Closed-cycle bio-regionalism 14
  15. 15. Cases Incentivized reverse vending Recycling Kiosks 15
  16. 16. Cases Integrated solar food production Autonomous lighting 16
  17. 17. Cases Cogeneration of heat and electricity Public space ecology and storage of human heat 17
  18. 18. Cases Cogeneration for District Heating Diesel exhaustive fumes and soot into ink 18
  19. 19. Cases Biorefineries Eco-industrial parks 19
  20. 20. Cases Positive Energy Districts PV and telecharging roads 20
  21. 21. Cases Ceramic tiles from solid waste Waste-to-energy ash bricks 21
  22. 22. Cases Compost for Vertical Gardening Methane collection from greywater and biowaste 22
  23. 23. Blue Economy • Circular tourism, circular value chains, circular ports • Water as a space for storing and creating sustainable energy • Transferring marine ecology onto terrestial land • Seabed biotechnology • Regenerative upcycling of marine waste • Strengthening restorative livelihoods 23
  24. 24. Cases Ocean Waves Water Turbines 24
  25. 25. Cases Floating Wetlands Floating PVs 25
  26. 26. Cases Aquaponics Microalgae fuels 26
  27. 27. Cases Protein from recycled carbon dioxide Protein from land-based seaweed plants 27
  28. 28. Cases Reusable bags from fishnets Building blocks from marine plastic 28
  29. 29. Cases Thread and cushioning from marine plastics Modular houses from marine plastics 29
  30. 30. Shared Economy Examples • Leasing society • Performance contracting • Tele-Living • Servitization • Collaborative models 30
  31. 31. Cases Public Whirpools Shared Vehicles 31
  32. 32. Cases Looped refilling Lighting as service 32
  33. 33. Cases Furniture as service Clothes as service 33
  34. 34. Cases Mobile neighbourhood laundries Online free reuse groups 34
  35. 35. Cases Makers‘ Movement Co-creation/sharing of 3D printing designs 35
  36. 36. ICT-enabled optimization • Open, distributed, secure communication protocols for circularity • Blockchain for sustainable development – promising cases • IoT enabled waste stream redirection and resource efficiency • AI, sensor, machine learning powered waste reduction 36
  37. 37. Cases Sensor-aided waste collection Smart homes 37
  38. 38. Cases Drone-powered Precision Permaculture 4.0 Drone Enabled Data for Circular Humanitarian and Natural Disaster Relief 38
  39. 39. Cases Dematerialization of transactions, school records, ID, decentralized trade AI prediction of product returns and repurposing, reverse selling of used clothing back to retailers 39
  40. 40. Cases AI-powered urban resource metabolism AI-powered supply chain 40
  41. 41. Cases RFID labels enabled reverse logistics for a secondary resource market Smart Forestry 41
  42. 42. Repair Economy Performance Contracting Reverse logistics repair centres 42
  43. 43. Cases Repair Cafes Old phone drones 43
  44. 44. Cases Old phone parts powered machine learning for the sorting of waste Virtual Markets 44
  45. 45. Carbon Sequestration Carbon capture for sustainable biofuels Carbon repurposing and storage 45
  46. 46. Cases Substitution of sand in concrete with waste-to-energy ashes and captured soot Turning CO2 back into coal 46
  47. 47. Cases Marine Hydrogen Terrestrial Hydrogen 47
  48. 48. Cases Calcium looping for carbon storage Underground storage 48
  49. 49. Cases Carbon Algae Recycling Photobiorectors 49
  50. 50. Cases Renewable Forest Biofuels Used Algae into Biodiesel 50
  51. 51. Copyright This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution- NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License The work, the logo, the sequence is owned by the-enpi.org Pictures, excluding the-enpi.org logo, without their headings might be freely reproduced. Distribution and reference only without changes and in explicit notification to the author. 51

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