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Importance	
  of	
  IP	
  Peering	
Yoshiki	
  Ishida	
  
Japan	
  Internet	
  Exchange,	
  Co.,	
  Ltd.
Agenda	
Ø Fundamentals	
  of	
  IX	
  and	
  peering	
  
ü IX	
  
ü Peering	
  
Ø The	
  Current	
  Status	
  of	
  IX...
Fundamentals	
  of	
  IX	
  and	
  peering	
2
What	
  is	
  IX?	
Ø  DefiniGon	
  of	
  IX	
  Point	
  
(by	
  euro-­‐ix)	
  
A	
  physical	
  network	
  
infrastructure...
A	
  Typical	
  Structure	
  of	
  the	
  Internet	
  in	
  a	
  
Textbook	
ISP	
 ISP	
 ISP	
ISP	
ISP	
IX	
 IX	
ISP	
ISP	
...
-­‐Transit-­‐	
  
“Transit”	
  has	
  an	
  upstream	
  	
  and	
  a	
  downstream,	
  then	
  the	
  traffic	
  from/to	
  ...
Peering	
Ø  Types	
  of	
  Peering	
  
ü  LocaGon	
  
•  Pubic	
  Peer	
  
•  Private	
  Peer	
  
ü  Payment	
  
•  Fre...
IX	
  and	
  Peering	
Ø Role	
  of	
  IX	
  Providers	
  for	
  peering	
  
ü IX	
  provides	
  a	
  point	
  for	
  pee...
The	
  Current	
  Status	
  of	
  IX	
  and	
  Peering	
8
The	
  Current	
  Structure	
  of	
  the	
  Internet	
ISP	
 ISP	
 ISP	
ISP	
Global	
  Tier-­‐1	
  
NaGonal	
  Backbone	
  ...
The	
  Current	
  Structure	
  of	
  the	
  Internet	
ISP	
 ISP	
 ISP	
ISP	
Global	
  Tier-­‐1	
  
NaGonal	
  Backbone	
  ...
Contents	
  and	
  Eyeball	
  
JPIX	
  Case	
Ø The	
  traffic	
  share	
  of	
  top	
  10	
  customers	
  of	
  JPIX	
  
wi...
Merits	
  of	
  using	
  IX	
  	
Ø Exchanging	
  Traffic	
  at	
  IX	
  
Points	
  
ü High	
  Bandwidth	
  
ü Low	
  Late...
The	
  Importance	
  of	
  IX	
Ø  The	
  importance	
  of	
  IX	
  is	
  equal	
  to	
  the	
  importance	
  of	
  peerin...
Ecosystem	
  for	
  Peering	
Ø  AddiGonal	
  fee	
  for	
  peering	
  are	
  mainly	
  port	
  charges	
  for	
  IX	
  pr...
IX	
  and	
  Regulators	
Ø Regulators	
  should	
  take	
  neutral	
  stance	
  to	
  peering	
  
if	
  domesGc	
  compeG...
IX	
  Status	
  
Global	
Ø  105	
  Countries	
  415	
  IXPs	
  
ü  IX	
  is	
  now	
  increasing	
  day	
  by	
  day.	
 ...
IX	
  Status	
  
Asia-­‐Pacific	
  Region	
Ø  APIX“Asia-­‐Pacific	
  Internet	
  Exchange”	
  
ü  An	
  associaGon	
  of	
...
IX	
  Status	
  
Japan	
Ø Commercial	
  IX	
  
Providers:	
  3	
  
ü JPIX	
  
ü JPNAP(Internet	
  
MulGfeed)	
  
ü BBI...
Thank	
  you!	
Yoshiki	
  Ishida	
  
Ishida(at)jpix.ad.jp	
  
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Importance of ip peering

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My Presentaion at DSG
The 49th Meeting of APEC Telecommunications and Information Working Group, April 21-26 2014, Yangzhou, China

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Importance of ip peering

  1. 1. Importance  of  IP  Peering Yoshiki  Ishida   Japan  Internet  Exchange,  Co.,  Ltd.
  2. 2. Agenda Ø Fundamentals  of  IX  and  peering   ü IX   ü Peering   Ø The  Current  Status  of  IX  and  Peering   ü Change  of  the  Internet   ü IX  and  Peering   1
  3. 3. Fundamentals  of  IX  and  peering 2
  4. 4. What  is  IX? Ø  DefiniGon  of  IX  Point   (by  euro-­‐ix)   A  physical  network   infrastructure  operated  by  a   single  enGty  with  the   purpose  to  facilitate  the   exchange  of  Internet  traffic   between  Autonomous   Systems.  The  number  of   Autonomous    Systems   connected  should  at  least   be  three  and  there  must  be   a  clear  and  open  policy  for   others  to  join.     Ø  IX  is  a  system  composed  by   Layer  2  switches.     Ø  Every  parGes’  routers  are   connected  to  the  switches. AS AS AS AS 3
  5. 5. A  Typical  Structure  of  the  Internet  in  a   Textbook ISP ISP ISP ISP ISP IX IX ISP ISP ISP ISP Global  Tier-­‐1   NaGonal  Backbone   Provider Local  Access  Provider Customer   (Consumer/OrganizaGon) ISP ISP ISP ISP 4
  6. 6. -­‐Transit-­‐   “Transit”  has  an  upstream    and  a  downstream,  then  the  traffic  from/to  the  laer  and  its   customers  are  carried  by  the  former  to/from  the  rest  of  the  Internet  with  payment  from  the   downstream.     -­‐Peering-­‐   Traffic  between  two  parGes  and  their  customers  are  exchanged  by  using  “peering.”   Useless  traffic  to  the  upstream  decreases  by  exchanging  traffic  with  peering,  and  their   transit  cost  can  be  reduced.   5   Transit  and  Peering   IX The  Internet   ISP-B user   user   user   user   user  user   user   user   ISP-DISP-C ISP-A
  7. 7. Peering Ø  Types  of  Peering   ü  LocaGon   •  Pubic  Peer   •  Private  Peer   ü  Payment   •  Free  Peer   •  Paid  Peer   Ø  Peering  Agreement   ü  Bi-­‐lateral  Peering  Agreement   •  An  one-­‐to-­‐one  agreement  between  two  parGes  about  peering.   ü  MulG-­‐lateral  Peering  Agreement(MLPA)   •  MulG-­‐lateral  peering  is  peering  negoGated  and  established  between   potenGally  many  parGes.   •  A  MulG-­‐Lateral  Peering  Agreement  is  signed  at  exchange  points  that  support   mulG-­‐lateral  peering. 6
  8. 8. IX  and  Peering Ø Role  of  IX  Providers  for  peering   ü IX  provides  a  point  for  peering  and  exchanging  traffic.   ü IX  providers  make  arrangements  for  communicaGons   on  peering  between  customers.   ü IX  providers  supply  addiGonal  funcGon  for  peering,   e.g.  Route  Server,  Route  Monitor,  and  Traffic  Viewer.   ü Some  IX  providers  support  a  private  peering  between   their  customers,  for  example  by  providing  cabling   services.   ü IX  is  the  place  for  coordinaGon  and  cooperaGon   between  various  parGes  of  the  Internet.   7
  9. 9. The  Current  Status  of  IX  and  Peering 8
  10. 10. The  Current  Structure  of  the  Internet ISP ISP ISP ISP Global  Tier-­‐1   NaGonal  Backbone   Local  Access  Provider Mobile IX IX ISP ISP ISP ISP ISP Customer   (Consumer/OrganizaGon) Hyper  Giants 9
  11. 11. The  Current  Structure  of  the  Internet ISP ISP ISP ISP Global  Tier-­‐1   NaGonal  Backbone   Local  Access  Provider Mobile IX IX ISP ISP ISP ISP ISP Customer   (Consumer/OrganizaGon) Hyper  Giants Contents Eyeball Traffic 10
  12. 12. Contents  and  Eyeball   JPIX  Case Ø The  traffic  share  of  top  10  customers  of  JPIX   with  140  parGes. 11   IX Switch Contents Side OUT 50.6% Eyeball Side IN 40.3% OUT 14.0% IN 7.7%
  13. 13. Merits  of  using  IX   Ø Exchanging  Traffic  at  IX   Points   ü High  Bandwidth   ü Low  Latency   ü Cost  Efficiency   ü Direct  RelaGonship   Ø Peering  with  Internet   Infrastructure  such  as   root  servers   12   ISP ISP Internet Peering IX DNS  root   server
  14. 14. The  Importance  of  IX Ø  The  importance  of  IX  is  equal  to  the  importance  of  peering  and   exchanging  traffic  locally.   Ø  Related  AcGviGes   ü  WCIT/ITR   •  31E  3.7  Member  States  should  create  an  enabling  environment  for  the   implementaGon  of  regional  telecommunicaGon  traffic  exchange  points,  with  a   view  to  improving  quality,  increasing  the  connecGvity  and  resilience  of   networks,  fostering  compeGGon  and  reducing  the  costs  of  internaGonal   telecommunicaGon  interconnecGons.     ü  OECD  Paper   •  Internet  Traffic  Exchange  Market  Developments  and  Policy  Challenges,  OECD   Digital  Economy  Papers  No.  207   hp://dx.doi.org/10.1787/5k918gpt130q-­‐en   ü  ISOC  IXP  Toolkit   •  “The  Internet  Society  was  awarded  a  grant  to  extend  its  Internet  exchange   point  (IXP)  acGviGes  in  emerging  markets  and  developing  countries.”   hp://www.ixptoolkit.org/   13
  15. 15. Ecosystem  for  Peering Ø  AddiGonal  fee  for  peering  are  mainly  port  charges  for  IX  providers.     Ø  Peering  are  lower  in  cost  than  transit.   Ø  Payment  for  peering   ü  Eyeball  side   •  Local  access  providers  pay  for  construcGon  of  consumer  network.   •  Without  contents,    nobody  uses  access  network.   ü  Contents  side   •  Contents  distributers  pay  for  the  contents  and  network  for  delivering.   •  Without  users,  no  content  delivered.   Ø  Free  peering  is  an  advantage  for  all  the  parGes.   ü  The  majority  of  content-­‐to-­‐end-­‐user  flows  should  be  free.   ü  For  all  the  parGes,  peering  is  good  tool  for  promoGon  to  their   customers. 14
  16. 16. IX  and  Regulators Ø Regulators  should  take  neutral  stance  to  peering   if  domesGc  compeGGve  environment  for  their  IP   network  have  been  developed,   ü To  support  growth  and  evoluGon  of  the  Internet   industry.   Ø Regulators  may  support  coordinaGon  and   cooperaGon  among  parGes.   Ø Regulators  may  support  IX  and  intervene  peering   only  if  their  IP  network  is  under  developing  and   compeGGve  environment  is  poor.       15
  17. 17. IX  Status   Global Ø  105  Countries  415  IXPs   ü  IX  is  now  increasing  day  by  day.   Ø  Tier  of  IX   ü  Global  IX   ü  Regional  IX     ü  NaGonal  IX   ü  Local  IX   Ø  Types  of  IX   ü  A  not-­‐for-­‐profit  independent   organizaGon,   ü  A  consorGum  of  ISPs,   ü  A  commercial  company,   ü  An  Academic  and  research  project   ü  A  government  agency,   ü  An  informal  associaGon  of   networks   Ø  IX  Community   ü  Euro-­‐IX   •  First  and  Largest  IX  Community.   •  Formed  in  2001   ü  APIX   ü  LACIX   ü  AFRIX   ü  IX-­‐F   Ø  Development  of  NaGonal  IX   Points   ü  Some  countries  develop  IX  Points   by  themselves.   ü  Some  Global  IX  Providers  foster  IX   Points  in  underdeveloped  regions.   ü  Boom  –up  approach  tend  to  be  a   shortcut  to  success.   16
  18. 18. IX  Status   Asia-­‐Pacific  Region Ø  APIX“Asia-­‐Pacific  Internet  Exchange”   ü  An  associaGon  of  Internet  Exchange   Providers  in  Asia-­‐-­‐-­‐Pacific  region.   ü  just  like  Euro-­‐IX  in  Europe   Ø  ObjecGves   ü  To  share  informaGon  about  technical,   operaGonal,  and  business  issues  and   soluGons  regarding  Internet  Exchange.   Ø  APIX  was  established  in  2010  under   the  support  of  APNIC   Ø  APNIC’s  support  for  APIX   ü  Engineering  assistance  for  organizaGons   needed.   ü  APNIC  is  in  a  good  posiGon  to   encourage  on  facilitate  to  share   knowledge  and  experience  among  IX   points  in  the  region.     Ø  Members:  16  IXPs  from  12   economies   ü  BDIX(BD)   ü  HKIX(HK)   ü  BBIX,  DIX-­‐IE,  JPIX,  JPNAP(JP)   ü  KINX(KR)   ü  IIX(ID)   ü  NIXI(IN)   ü  MyIX(MY)   ü  NP-­‐IX(NP)   ü  NZIX(NZ)   ü  SGIX,SOX(SG)   ü  VNIX(VN)   ü  Equinix(US,  HK,  JP,  AU)   Ø  Contact:   ü  sc(at)apix.asia   17
  19. 19. IX  Status   Japan Ø Commercial  IX   Providers:  3   ü JPIX   ü JPNAP(Internet   MulGfeed)   ü BBIX   Ø Academic-­‐based  IX   Providers:  1   ü DIX-­‐IE(WIDE  Project)   Ø Global  IX  Providers:  1   ü Equinix   Ø Traffic  at  IX  in  Japan   ü 20%  to  EsGmated  Total   Traffic  in  Japan  are   exchanged  at  IX  points   according  to  the  report   from  MIC.   ü Traffic  between  huge   telecom  carriers  are   exchanged  by  using   private  peers. 18
  20. 20. Thank  you! Yoshiki  Ishida   Ishida(at)jpix.ad.jp  
  • TonyWang116

    Jul. 9, 2016
  • RezaJokarNaraghi

    May. 22, 2016

My Presentaion at DSG The 49th Meeting of APEC Telecommunications and Information Working Group, April 21-26 2014, Yangzhou, China

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