Plant Kingdom classification

106,786 views

Published on

Classification of Plant Kingdom for School Children

3 Comments
30 Likes
Statistics
Notes
No Downloads
Views
Total views
106,786
On SlideShare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
662
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
51
Comments
3
Likes
30
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

Plant Kingdom classification

  1. 1. PLANT KINGDOM by Adithi Pai Century Public School Tirupur, India CLASSIFICATION by ROBERT WHITTAKER IN 1969
  2. 2. WHITTAKERS 5 KINGDOM CLASSIFICATION LIFE MONERA PROTISTA FUNGI PLANTAE ANIMALIA
  3. 3. KINGDOM- MONERA <ul><li>Bacteria – prokaryotic </li></ul><ul><li>Microscopic organisms </li></ul><ul><li>Rigid cell wall </li></ul><ul><li>Reproduction – Binary Fission </li></ul><ul><li>Nutrition – </li></ul><ul><li>Photo-autotrophs </li></ul><ul><li>Chemotrophs </li></ul><ul><li>Saprptrophs </li></ul><ul><li>Parasites </li></ul>
  4. 4. KINGDOM- MONERA <ul><li>BENEFICIAL </li></ul><ul><li>Decomposes Plant and Animal bodies </li></ul><ul><li>Disposal of Sewage </li></ul><ul><li>Dairy products </li></ul><ul><li>Organic waste to Manure </li></ul><ul><li>Fixes Nitrogen to plant roots </li></ul><ul><li>Making Cheese, Butter, Vinegar,Etc </li></ul><ul><li>Produces Vitamin K and Vitamin B </li></ul>
  5. 5. KINGDOM- MONERA <ul><li>HARMFUL ACTIVITIES </li></ul><ul><li>Pathogenic Bacteria cause Diseases </li></ul><ul><li>PLANTS </li></ul><ul><li>Fire blight for Apples & Pears </li></ul><ul><li>Citrus canker </li></ul><ul><li>Wilt disease in Tomato and Potato </li></ul><ul><li>Soft root in Carrot </li></ul>
  6. 6. KINGDOM- MONERA <ul><li>HARMFUL ACTIVITES </li></ul><ul><li>FOR HUMAN BEINGS </li></ul><ul><li>CHOLERA </li></ul><ul><li>Tuberclosis </li></ul><ul><li>Leprosy </li></ul><ul><li>Typhoid </li></ul><ul><li>Pneumonia </li></ul><ul><li>Tetanus </li></ul><ul><li>Whooping Cough </li></ul><ul><li>Diptheria </li></ul><ul><li>Etc </li></ul>
  7. 7. KINGDOM - PROTISTA <ul><li>Unicellular </li></ul><ul><li>Eukaryotic organisms </li></ul><ul><li>TYPES </li></ul><ul><li>Predators – Amoeba </li></ul><ul><li>Parasites – Plasmodium </li></ul><ul><li>Phytoplanktons- Dinoflagellates </li></ul><ul><li>Symbionts – Trichonympha </li></ul><ul><li>Decomposers- Stemonites </li></ul>
  8. 8. KINGDOM - PROTISTA <ul><li>DINOPHYTA </li></ul><ul><li>Locomotion- Flagella </li></ul><ul><li>Unicellular </li></ul><ul><li>Majority is Plankton </li></ul><ul><li>Nutrition- Holophytic or Photosynthetic </li></ul><ul><li>Red Algae – colors the Sea </li></ul>
  9. 9. KINGDOM - FUNGI <ul><li>Eukaryotic Organisms </li></ul><ul><li>Singular- Fungus </li></ul><ul><li>Plural – Fungi </li></ul><ul><li>Study of Fungus= MYCOLOGY </li></ul><ul><li>YEAST – Biggest Group </li></ul>
  10. 10. KINGDOM - FUNGI <ul><li>ASCOMYCETES </li></ul><ul><li>YEAST </li></ul><ul><li>Largest Group – 30,000 species </li></ul><ul><li>Unicellular & Non-mycelial </li></ul><ul><li>Reproduction- Budding or Fission or both </li></ul><ul><li>Grow in Sugary substartum </li></ul>
  11. 11. KINGDOM – FUNGI ALGAE <ul><li>CYANOBACTERIA- ALGAE </li></ul><ul><li>Fresh Water or Marine </li></ul><ul><li>Associated with Bryophytes, Ferns Sponges </li></ul>
  12. 12. KINGDOM – FUNGI ALGAE <ul><li>CELL STRUTURE </li></ul><ul><li>PARTS </li></ul><ul><li>DNA is coiled </li></ul><ul><li>Cell Wall </li></ul><ul><li>Ribosomes </li></ul><ul><li>Lipid droplets </li></ul><ul><li>Gas Vacoule </li></ul><ul><li>Thylakoid </li></ul>
  13. 13. SPIROGYRA
  14. 14. BRYOPHYTA <ul><li>Simplest Land Plants </li></ul><ul><li>No true Stem,Leaves and Roots </li></ul><ul><li>Hair like rhizoids to hold </li></ul><ul><li>Need water for fertilisation </li></ul><ul><li>Embryo after fertilisation </li></ul><ul><li>EXAMPLE - MOSES </li></ul>
  15. 15. VASCULAR CRYPTOGRAMS PTERIDOPHYTES <ul><li>Plant body has Stem, roots and leaves </li></ul><ul><li>Vascular system present </li></ul><ul><li>Reproductive organs- multicellular </li></ul><ul><li>Fertilised Egg becomes Embryo </li></ul><ul><li>EXAMPLE - FERNS </li></ul>
  16. 17. GYMNOSPERMS <ul><li>Naked Seeded plants </li></ul><ul><li>Sporophyte tall trees </li></ul><ul><li>Stem is erect with branches </li></ul><ul><li>Reproduction- Sexual </li></ul><ul><li>Males and Female Plants are separate </li></ul><ul><li>Leaves are photosynthetic </li></ul>
  17. 18. PTERIDOPHYTA NEPHROLEPIS - FERNS <ul><li>Common Indian Plant </li></ul><ul><li>Ornamental </li></ul>
  18. 20. ANGIOSPERMS FLOWERING PLANTS <ul><li>Highly developed </li></ul><ul><li>Flowering Plants </li></ul><ul><li>Seeds inside ovary </li></ul><ul><li>2 TYPES </li></ul><ul><li>MONOCOTYLEDONS </li></ul><ul><li>DICOTYLEDONS </li></ul>
  19. 21. MONOCOTYLEDONS <ul><li>Have only one cotyledon in Seed </li></ul><ul><li>Example </li></ul><ul><li>Paddy </li></ul><ul><li>Wheat </li></ul><ul><li>Maize </li></ul>
  20. 22. DICOTYLEDONS <ul><li>HAVE 2 COTYLEDONS IN SEED </li></ul><ul><li>EXAMPLE </li></ul><ul><li>Bengal Gram </li></ul><ul><li>GroundNut </li></ul><ul><li>Bean Pea </li></ul>

×