Sri adoptation status in netrang region ppt

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Sri adoptation status in netrang region ppt

  1. 1. SRI ADOPTION STATUS IN NETRANG REGION AND COST BENEFIT ANALYSIS AN INITIATIVE OF AKRSP-I STUDY LOCATION- NETRANG REGION DISTRICT- BHARUNCH STATE- GUJARAT STUDY TIME DURATION- 26 NOVEMBER TO 14 FEBRUARYFEBRUARY Presented by- Anurag Asthana Yogesh Bhatt Tata-Dhan Academy PDM-XI
  2. 2. Agricultural Status of Netrang Region •100 % tribal community •Forest area •Average land holding (<1 hectare) •Rain fed zone with seasonal rainfall •Agriculture and allied activities are primary occupation •Rice, millets, pulses, vegetables, and cotton are major crops•Rice, millets, pulses, vegetables, and cotton are major crops •Irrigation has been done by canals, wells, tributaries, and small check dams •Agricultural inputs are available in local areas •AKRSP(I) and BAIF are two big NGOs working at grass root level for agricultural activities promotion. •State government initiatives for agriculture promotion.
  3. 3. Core Objectives of SRI Programme • To ensure food security & reduce distress migration related issues • To increase net income of farmersfarmers • To optimize input cost and increase productivity • To decrease risk through agriculture diversification
  4. 4. SRIADOPTIONSTATUSINNETRANGR Objectives of SRI Study Objective 2 Determine the SRI adoption status in project area Criteria: This objective follow the criteria of objective 1 Objective 3 Determine the cost Objective 1 Characterize the SRI adopters and dis- adopters in Netrang region Criteria: • Transplanting should be done before 20 days; • Spacing should not be less than 20 cm Objective 4 Determine the SRI method impact on total rice production in last three years into same piece of land REGIONANDCOSTBENEFITANALYSIS Determine the cost benefit ratio of SRI method against the Traditional rice cultivation method. less than 20 cm • Two Hand weeding • Alternative wetting and drying Objective 5 Identify the constraints against adoption of SRI technique for rice cultivation Objective 6 Farmers perception about widely discussed five steps: Seed rate Transplanting time Plant distance Weeding Alternate wetting and drying
  5. 5. STUDYMETHODOLOGY Data Collection Method • Visit in villages • Discussion with staff members and had clarity • With villagers and farmers Discussion • Interview schedule • Data collection from AKRSP (I) • Focus group discussion ETHODOLOGY and had clarity about local context observation farmers • Discussion with AKRSP (I) field staff discussion • Literature review Data collection
  6. 6. STUDYMETHODOLOGY Study Design Cluster name Total villages Sample villages Population in cluster Samples from cluster Actual Samples from cluster Dandiapada 42 7 2214 86 95 Mandvi 67 6 2219 86 73 ETHODOLOGY Netrang 34 4 1411 55 43 Sagbara 57 5 2718 106 106 Umarpada 19 2 451 18 18 Total 219 24 9013 351 335
  7. 7. Key Concepts • SRI (System of Rice Intensification) • Conventional method • Broadcasting method •Nursery bed preparation • New conventional practitioners • Recommended practices for SRI • SRI adopters
  8. 8. FINDINGS OF SRI STUDY Source: Google Images
  9. 9. FINDINGSOFSRISTUDY SRI Practice-Present Status 0 50 100 150 200 250 SRI Adopters Conventional Traditional Status of SRI Practice in Different Clusters Source: Field Research STUDY Status of SRI Practice in Different Clusters Cluster Sample from Cluster SRI adopters Other methods Dediapada 95 73 23 Mandawi 73 16 57 Netrang 43 26 17 Sagbara 106 96 9 Umarpada 18 1 17 Grand Total 335 212 123 Source: Field Research
  10. 10. FINDINGSOFSRISTUDY Present Status of SRI Adopters SRI adoption in last three years Findings 3.36 5.19 20.28 29.72 22.64 3.3 16.51 7 11 43 61 48 7 35 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 Without AKRSP (I) Percentage (%) No. of FarmersSource: Field Research STUDY SRI adoption in last three years Findings •29%Farmers initiated SRI without AKRSP (I) support •SRI dis-adoption is a myth and farmers are following SRI. •Dis-adoption has certain genuine reasons •Farmers learnt about SRI from other sources also Source: Field Research Year of SRI cultivation SRI adopter farmers % value 2009 to 2011 148 69.8 2010 and 2011 34 16.0 2009 and 2010 1 0.47 2009 and 2011 10 4.8 Started in 2011 19 9.0 Sum total 212 100%
  11. 11. FINDINGSOFSRISTUDY Land Use Patter Under SRI Cultivation Method Paddy production from same plot Findings 0 20 40 60 80 100 120 0-.50 0.51 – 1 1.01 - 1.5 1.51 – 2 Above 2 No of cultivars no of cultivars in %Source: Field Research STUDY Paddy production from same plot Findings 1. 89% farmers are doing SRI practices in land range up to 1 acre. 2. Farmers are producing more rice than actual need of a year for home consumption. 3. In 2009, 151 farmers started SRI practices and out of them total 131 farmers did SRI in same plot till 2011 4. In same plot production is not adversely affected Land Categor y Years No of farmers Total land Average production in Q Farming land 2009 151 136.2 11.9 2010 176 157.5 12.5 2011 211 177.6 14.4 Same land 2009 131 118.2 11.8 2010 131 121.2 12.7 2011 131 121.6 14.4
  12. 12. FINDINGSOFSRISTUDY Expenditure in SRI Water Charge, 7.5seed, 9.6 fertiliser, 16.6 pesticide, 0.5 wage paid, 58.4 plough , 7.4 Expenditure in Traditional Expenditure in Conventional Expenditure Analysis of different paddy cultivation methods Source: Field Research Source: Field Research STUDY Expenditure in Traditional Expenditure in Conventional Water 5% seed 15% fertiliser 14% pesticid e 0% wage paid 54% plough 12%seed 14% fertilise r 3% wage paid 64% plough 19% Source: Field Research
  13. 13. FINDINGSOFSRISTUDY Cost benefit analysis Parameter SRI Conventi onal Tradition al Farmers 212 122 11 Total land in acre 180.1 127.9 11.2 Production Findings 1. SRI practices incurred more cost than conventional and traditional method of paddy cultivation. 2. By principle SRI is not as such practiced by farmers 3. Per acre SRI production is more than conventional and traditional methods STUDY Production in Q 2541.7 1622.2 35 Expenditur e /acre 8628.5 7842.3 3718.2 Production /acre in Q 14.1 12.6 3.1 traditional methods 4. Overall SRI method is more beneficial than other two methods 5. Maximum expenditure goes for labour wage 6. Labour wage increased 2-3 time during peak paddy cultivation period.
  14. 14. Present Status of Paddy Cultivation in Netrang Region •100 % farmers are adopting hybrid and composite seeds for convention and SRI paddy cultivation method. • Farmers attitude under conventional farming has been also changed after getting SRI training. • Cono-weeder is not used by any farmer for weeding operation. Cono-weeder is not used by any farmer for weeding operation. • In SRI field fertilizer use is increasing rather than use of FYM (farm yard manure). • conventional paddy cultivation method is gradually shifting to SRI practice (new conventional method or partial SRI adopters) •Traditional method is now no more widely practiced for paddy cultivation.
  15. 15. FINDINGSOFSRISTUDY Motivation Factors of Farmers for SRI Adaptation 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 Very low LowVery High STUDY Source: Field Research ModerateHigh Incentive Rs. 200 More production Less expenditures Possible in rain-fed areas also
  16. 16. FINDINGSOFSRISTUDY Constraints for SRI Adoption 20 40 60 80 100 Very low* Low * Very High* Doubt in overall SRI Difficulty in nursery bed & transplantation Spacing between plants Labour STUDY Source: Field Research 0 Moder ate* High* Labour Technical support Lack of timely availability of water for field preparation (Monsoon) Lack of awareness among labors Total 44.18% respondents have a issue of water management (for 336) In Adopters, the major issues is water management (40%) and Nursery raising (27%) are big issues.
  17. 17. ACTIONPLAN Action Plan Existing system for SRI implementation 1. Village level meeting for farmers 2. Selection of farmers and theoretical teaching 3. 200 Rs incentive for SRI practice for initial two years 4. Village level meeting conducted by EV(Extension volunteer) and Para worker Major challenges i. Farmers are participating in training but not following SRI ii. Labour constraints during peak session iii. Implementers and farmers deviation from core principle of SRIiii. Implementers and farmers deviation from core principle of SRI iv. Agronomical practices Intervention points a) In village level meeting priority should be given to small land holding farmers b) Practical demonstration of SRI steps in nearby field (seeing is believing); more focus should be on core concept of SRI and input use pattern c) Cono- weeder promotion d) Efficient utilization of incentive money for better training and exposure to field staff, farmers, and agriculture labors. e) Develop push mechanism for partial SRI adopters. f) Labor issues resolved by involvement of SHGs in agricultural practices

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