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Tuula Kurikka - Bird Wetland Restoration

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Presentation of Metsähallitus Parks and Wildlife Finland

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Tuula Kurikka - Bird Wetland Restoration

  1. 1. Bilateral meeting Finnish MoE and EU Commission 14th May 2018 Tuula Kurikka, Manager Metsähallitus, Parks and Wildlife Finland Bird wetland restoration – lessons learned Kuva: Antti Below
  2. 2. Restoration of bird-rich wetlands • Wetlands have high biodiversity: • habitats, species (plants, birds,amphibians, invertebrates) • Other ecosystem benefits • e.g. water quality, flood management,nature tourism, recreational use, fishing, hunting • EU LIFE and Interreg -projects have had major role in restoration of wetlands • Agri-environmental agreements are important in wetland management
  3. 3. Many wetland bird species are threatened • About 40 % of threatened bird species in Finland live in wetlands (Red List Assessment 2015) • 87 threatened bird species, of which 35 wetland species • The number of threatened species has increased by 2 wetland species compared to 2010 assessment • 15 species of waterfowl (50 %) and 20 species of waders (43 %) are threatened according to 2015 Red List Assessment • Reasons e.g.overgrowth, loss of open water, eutrophication, competiton with cyprinid fish Kuva: Antti Below
  4. 4. Natura 2000 SPA -network • Natura 2000 –network includes 468 SPA (Special Protection Areas) designated under the birds directive • Total area 30 850 km² • Inland 24 559 km² • Baltic Sea 6 291km²
  5. 5. Status of wetland restoration in Finland Natura SPA Being implemented 38 % Plan ready10 % Plan in preparation 9 % No restoration plan 43 % 2007 (n=163) Markku Mikkola-Roos, SYKE
  6. 6. Restoration of wetlands: Flyway on Gulf of Finland • Restoration of coastal meadows and open water bodies during 2004-2012 • Cutting grazing, tree removal, dredging • Lintulahdet LIFE EU –project • Study on effects of restoration on bird populations • 21 SPA wetlands • Functioning network of wetland protected areas as target • Cooperation: Finnish Enviroment Institute, ELY Centres, MoE, Parks&Wildlife Finland, Finnish Museum of Natural History Lehikoinen, P. et al. Counteracting wetland overgrowth increases breeding and staging bird abundances. Sci. Rep. 7, 41391; doi: 10.1038/srep41391 (2017)
  7. 7. Restoration of wetlands: Flyway of Gulf of Finland – results in a nutshell • All groups of birds benefited from actions. Most suitable actions differ between species • Waders benefitted most • Diving ducks and fish-eating birds benefitted least • Restoration activities are important in maintaining bird populations and the general biodiversity of wetlands Wider scope • Benefit created for wetland birds along the flyway, even on population level • The role of Finnish wetlands may increase in the future - Role of climate change? • The time scale of restoration - Constant management, otherwise fast deterioration
  8. 8. Life CO-OP project : Best practices in Finnish wetlands - networking for improved wetland management • Best practices in the restoration and management of wetlands at six Life sites in Finland – Results of the Life CO-OP Project. (Mikkola Roos & Niikkonen, 2005) https://julkaisut.metsa.fi/julkaisut/show/265 • Six Life Nature projects related to waterfowl habitats were assessed • 21 Natura 2000 network areas • The project assessed e. g. nature protection and socio-economic benefits, the methods on restoration and management, monitoring and visitor facilities • Conclusions and recommendations are still valid
  9. 9. Conclusions • Needs and effective management practises of wetlands are known, actions and resources needed • Wide co-operation is necessary for cost-efficient restoration and management • Agri-environmental measure for maintaining landscape for biodiversity very useful and important
  10. 10. Thank you!

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