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Inger Andersen, IUCN, International Union for Conservation of Nature, 70 years of vision and impact

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at IUCN Finland's 50th Anniversary Seminar, January 2018, Helsinki

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Inger Andersen, IUCN, International Union for Conservation of Nature, 70 years of vision and impact

  1. 1. International Union for Conservation of Nature 70 years of vision and impact
  2. 2. • Established in 1948 • The global authority on the status of the natural world and the measures needed to safeguard it • Provides knowledge and tools critical for ensuring human progress, economic development and nature conservation take place together United for life and livelihoods 2INTERNATIONAL UNION FOR CONSERVATION OF NATURE
  3. 3. The world’s largest environmental network 3INTERNATIONAL UNION FOR CONSERVATION OF NATURE
  4. 4. 5 • IUCN Founding Member • Finnish Association for Nature Conservation (at the time Finnish League for the Protection of Nature) • Seven current Finland IUCN Members • State Member: Finnish Ministry of Environment • Government Agency Member: Finnish Wildlife Agency • NGO Members: Suomen Luonnonsuojeluliitto (Finnish Association for Nature Conservation), Natur och Miljö r.f. (The Finnish Society for Nature and Environment), World Wide Fund for Nature - Finland, BirdLife Suomi (BirdLife Finland) • Affiliate Member: Helsinki zoo • 62 Commission Members • Representatives from Finland in all six IUCN Commissions • IUCN Framework Partner INTERNATIONAL UNION FOR CONSERVATION OF NATURE Finland and IUCN A strong relationship
  5. 5. • The first global environmental union • A unique membership structure • International cooperation, science and tools to guide conservation action • Founding Member: Finnish League for the Protection of Nature 1948 6INTERNATIONAL UNION FOR CONSERVATION OF NATURE IUCN established as International Union for Protection of Nature
  6. 6. Focus on human impacts on nature • 1954 – Flagged the damaging effects on pesticides on biodiversity • 1956 – Called for landscape planning based on ecological research • 1958 – Promoted the use of environmental impact assessments 1950s 7INTERNATIONAL UNION FOR CONSERVATION OF NATURE
  7. 7. Protecting species and habitats • 1960 – Called attention to climate change and its impacts • 1961 – Sparks creation of World Wildlife Fund (WWF) • 1964 – The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species™ • 1968 – Ministry of the Environment of Finland becomes IUCN Member • 1969 – Creation of the Finnish National Committee of IUCN 1960s 8INTERNATIONAL UNION FOR CONSERVATION OF NATURE
  8. 8. Developing international conservation law • 1972 - UNESCO Convention Concerning the Protection of World Cultural and Natural Heritage • 1974 - Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora (CITES) • 1975 - The Convention on Wetlands of International Importance (Ramsar Convention) • 1978 - IUCN outlines the first IUCN protected area management categories 1970s 9INTERNATIONAL UNION FOR CONSERVATION OF NATURE
  9. 9. Strategic conservation • 1980 – World Conservation Strategy published, contributes to UN World Charter for Nature • 1981 – Call for governments to integrate traditional knowledge into policies and action • 1988 – Call on countries to create national conservation strategies 1980s 10INTERNATIONAL UNION FOR CONSERVATION OF NATURE
  10. 10. International momentum • 1991 – Caring for the Earth published, contributes to UN Rio conventions • 1993 – United Nations Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD) • 1996 – First IUCN World Conservation Congress held in Montreal, Canada • 1999 – Official observer status at the United Nations General Assembly 1990s 11INTERNATIONAL UNION FOR CONSERVATION OF NATURE
  11. 11. Poverty reduction, the private sector and conservation • 2003 – Creation of the IUCN Business and Biodiversity Programme • 2004 – Focus on conservation in food security, human rights and poverty reduction • 2008 – Guidelines for extractive industries and conservation organisations working with the private sector 2000s 12INTERNATIONAL UNION FOR CONSERVATION OF NATURE
  12. 12. Championing nature-based solutions • 2011 – The Bonn Challenge to restore 150 million hectares of degraded lands • 2012 – Advocating nature-based solutions to climate change mitigation and adaptation • 2017 – Nature-based solutions gain momentum in climate action 2010s 13INTERNATIONAL UNION FOR CONSERVATION OF NATURE
  13. 13. How we contribute today INTERNATIONAL UNION FOR CONSERVATION OF NATURE
  14. 14. Helping achieve global targets 15 2020 Aichi Biodiversity Targets INTERNATIONAL UNION FOR CONSERVATION OF NATURE
  15. 15. Working with • Public, private and non-governmental organisations worldwide Providing • Knowledge, tools and analysis • A unique convening space • Policy impact • Direct benefits to people and nature The sustainable development organisation INTERNATIONAL UNION FOR CONSERVATION OF NATURE
  16. 16. A global presence 17 • Headquarters in Gland, Switzerland • 11 regional offices • More than 50 country offices worldwide INTERNATIONAL UNION FOR CONSERVATION OF NATURE
  17. 17. BUT… WE STILL HAVE A LONG WAY TO GO AND WE MUST WORK TOGETHER AS A UNION 18
  18. 18. MEDIA COVERAGE (Source: Frontiers in Ecology and Evolution) 19
  19. 19. IUCN Flagship Reports on the State of Nature in a Globalised World To be published annually Will explore a particular theme linking nature and “the global conversation” 2018 – will focus on conflict, migration and nature 2019 and beyond - reports will treat topics such as: State of Nature and Food Systems/Agriculture State of Nature and Infrastructure/Urbanisation State of Nature and Trade State of Nature and Gender Empowerment
  20. 20. 21 The world needs a strong IUCN now, more than ever • Biodiversity loss, Aichi Targets 2020 • New thinking to address drivers and barriers to implementation • Climate change • Ensure greater investments in, and national commitments to, nature-based solutions • Land degradation • Bonn Challenge, investing to ensure productivity of degraded ecosystems • Nature and conflict • Forthcoming flagship report INTERNATIONAL UNION FOR CONSERVATION OF NATURE Strategic direction 2018
  21. 21. EU Policy Work EU global relevance and environmental leadership • Biodiversity post 2020 European framework • Common Agricultural Policy reform • Marine Plastics & Circular Economy development • Climate Change: land use change / adaptation re NBS • SDGs INTERNATIONAL UNION FOR CONSERVATION OF NATURE IUCN in Europe 2018
  22. 22. IUCN in Europe 2018 Programmatic work: • Strengthening European Red List • Implementing Nature-based solutions(NBS) • Urban Green infrastructure • Protected Areas – scoping IUCN Green List and Natura 2000 • Invasive Alien Species risk assessments INTERNATIONAL UNION FOR CONSERVATION OF NATURE
  23. 23. Thank you 24 IUCN website www.iucn.org Become a Member organisation www.iucn.org/members Join a Commission www.iucn.org/commissions Work for the Secretariat www.iucn.org/jobs @iucn.org @IUCN youtube.com/iucn INTERNATIONAL UNION FOR CONSERVATION OF NATURE

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