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Harri Hölttä, Suomen luonnonsuojeluliitto, International Success Stories and Challenges of Finnish Nature Conservation

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Harri Hölttä, Suomen luonnonsuojeluliitto, International Success Stories and Challenges of Finnish Nature Conservation, at IUCN Finland's 50th Anniversary Seminari, January 2018, Helsinki

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Harri Hölttä, Suomen luonnonsuojeluliitto, International Success Stories and Challenges of Finnish Nature Conservation

  1. 1. International Success Stories and Challenges of Finnish Nature Conservation. Mr Harri Hölttä President of the Board Finnish Association for Nature Conservation
  2. 2. Historical background • SLL/FANC was founded in 1938. • In 1948 SLL/FANC was one of the ”Founding fathers” of IUCN. • 20 years later in 1968 state of Finland joined IUCN. – > Several reasons to celebrate in 2018!
  3. 3. Environmental trends of the last 50 years • Ditching of mires esp. during the 1960s and 1970s. • Vanishing traditional agriculture: for example forested pastures have declined > 90% since the 1950s. • Modern forestry covering the whole country. • Worsening state of springs and brooks. • Waste water and air pollution management: from week to good. • Increasing consumption of natural resources
  4. 4. Achievements • National parks • Strict protection of reserve network • International hotspots like mires, coasts and Saimaa ringed seal. • Red Lists of Threatened Species • Finnish-Russian cooperation • ”Finnish Attitude”
  5. 5. Success for some..
  6. 6. Finnish-Russian cooperation
  7. 7. Finnish-Russian cooperation • 1985 Finland and Soviet Union concluded an agreement on environmental cooperation. • 1992 the agreement was renewed between Finland and Russia. • 1997 MoEs of both countries and regions of NW Russia adopted the Finnish-Russian Development Programme on Sustainable Forest Management and Conservation of Biodiversity in NW Russia. • This work is coordinated by the Finnish Environmental Institute (SYKE) and steered by the Finnish-Russian Working Group on Nature Conservation. • Green Belt of Fennoscandia
  8. 8. Lost landscapes Photo: Urpo Häyrinen
  9. 9. Burning issues
  10. 10. Future challenges • Changing flora and fauna: butterflies and jackals coming! • Declining resources of the state. • Deterioration of environmental legislation. • Forest resources and climate • Energy solutions (greener hydropower, ending peat mining etc.) • Diminishing the total consumption of natural resources.

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