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Christy presentation tutorial 3 class in the 21st century

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Christy presentation tutorial 3 class in the 21st century

  1. 1. Class in the 21st Century By Wendy Bottero SOCY 10402 British society in a globalizing world Tutorial week 3 A presentation by Lau Tsan Yee, Christy 10 Feb 2015
  2. 2. Class • Lots of debate about white working class against other ethnic groups and migrant workers • Argument: Wendy argues that class inequality should be considered in a broader aspect, and traced to long-term shifts in economic structure and political policy in Britain, instead of cultural differences only • Class is about unequal resources and status, and the social hierarchies
  3. 3. Working class in Britain • In 20th century, the proportion of the working population employed as ‘manual workers’ fell from 75% to 38%, Proportion of professionals and managers rose from 8% to 34%. • Owing to labour-market restructuring, there are more routine and insecure form of employment (part-time job). • Past: Working class has social respect related to their nature of work eg. shipbuilding, mining  heroic images for men Now: manual work is seen as a subordinate and dependent labour
  4. 4. Class inequality is still significant • Though the standard of living is better, sharp health inequality remains in Britain  the lower your socio-economic position, the greater risk to have cancer, diseases and mental illness -Class inequality is marked on body • After the post-war period, there are more opportunities and social mobility, people from privileged background have higher relative chance to achieve higher education and gain better job
  5. 5. Class inequality is still significant • In this knowledge-based society, education is an asset • There remains strong link between social background and education attainment -> Children from wealthy family perform better than children from poor family • Class inequalities persist because middle-class families are able to mobilize resources for their children
  6. 6. Class inequality is difficult to observe • In 21st century, Britain is not manifested in the fixed attachment to unequal position, but rather emerges in unequal chances of success and lower relative rates of mobility. Eg. Less advantaged groups have new opportunities in education and labor market, but they just have unequal share than more advantaged groups.
  7. 7. Conclusion • The debate about the ‘white working class’ isn’t really about class at all • We need to understand how social and economic changes when we consider class. Class inequality is still significant in Britain. • Unequal class competition explains the situation of the white working class, instead of the problem of ethnic identity and entitlement

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