English grammar -yharilovesu

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English grammar -yharilovesu

  1. 1. English grammar<br />
  2. 2. I.Introduction<br /> Filipinos spend more than a decade of their formal studies using English as a medium and yet it has been noted that the quality of our spoken English is way below international standards.<br />
  3. 3. There are many factors that are involve. Texting and chatting are two common practices that encourage the use of corrupted English. In many case, teachers and parents themselves do not have a good grasp of the English grammar. Indeed, it is not uncommon to hear Ph.D. graduates having difficulty speaking the language.<br />
  4. 4. “The cowards never started and the weak died along the way”<br />-Anonymous<br />
  5. 5. LESSON I<br />II. Sentences<br /> A. Definition of a sentence<br /> B. Subject and Predicate<br /> C. Sentence Fragment<br /> D. Kinds of Sentences<br /> a. Declarative b. Interrogative<br />c. Imperative<br /> d. Exclamatory<br />
  6. 6. “Speech is power:<br />Speech is to persuade, to convert,…to compel.”<br />-Ralph Waldo Emerson<br />
  7. 7. LESSON II<br /> III. Parts of Speech<br /> A. Nouns<br /> a. Definition of Nouns<br /> b. Concrete and Abstract Nouns<br /> c. Common and Proper Nouns<br /> d. Rules on Singular and Plural Nouns<br />
  8. 8. “If a man empties his purse into his head, no man can take it away from him.An investment in knowledge always pays the best interest.”<br />-Benjamin Franklin<br />
  9. 9. LESSON III<br /> B. Pronouns<br /> a. Definition of Pronouns<br /> b. Antecedent of Pronouns<br /> ecotypes of Pronouns<br />.Personal Pronouns<br /> .Interrogative Pronouns<br /> .Demonstrative Pronouns<br /> .Indefinite Pronouns<br /> .Relative Pronouns<br />
  10. 10. “Natural abilities are like natural plants that need pruning by study.”<br />-Francis Bacon<br />
  11. 11. LESSON IV<br />D. Possessive Pronouns<br />E. Agreement of Pronoun and Antecedent<br />
  12. 12. “Think like a man of action and act like a man of thought.”<br />-Henri Bergson<br />
  13. 13. LESSON V<br />C. Verbs<br /> a. Action Verbs and Linking Verbs<br /> b. Over Phrase: Principal and Auxiliary Verbs<br /> c. Principal Parts of Verbs<br /> Present Tense<br />  Past tense<br />  Past Participle<br />d. Regular and Irregular Verbs<br />
  14. 14. “For everything there is an appointed time.”<br />-Ecclesiastes<br />
  15. 15. LESSON VI<br />Either Tenses: Basic Forms<br />Present Tense<br /> Past Tense<br /> Future Tense<br /> Present Perfect Tense<br /> Past Perfect Tense<br /> Future Perfect Tense<br />
  16. 16. “To be or not to be, that is the question….”<br />-Shakespeare<br />
  17. 17. LESSON VII<br /> Six Tenses of the Verb “to be”<br /> Six Tenses of the Regular Verb “care”<br /> Six Tenses of the Irregular Verb “eat”<br />
  18. 18. “The worst bankrupt in the world is the man who has lost his enthusiasm.”<br />-Gerard de Nerve<br />
  19. 19. LESSON VIII<br />F. Tenses : Progressive Forms<br /> Present Progressive Tense<br /> Past Progressive Tense<br /> Future Progressive Tense<br /> Present Perfect Progressive Tense<br /> Past Perfect Progressive Tense<br /> Future Perfect Progressive Tense<br /> Progressive Forms of the Verb “care”<br />
  20. 20. “Action may not always bring happiness; but there is no happiness without action”<br />-Benjamin Desraeli<br />
  21. 21. LESSON IX<br />G. Voice: Active and Passive Voice<br />H. Mood<br /> Indicative<br />  Imperative<br />  Subjunctive<br />  Subjunctive Forms of the Verb <br /> “to be”<br />
  22. 22. “You may easily play a joke on a man who likes to argue-agree with him.”<br />-Ed Howe<br />
  23. 23. LESSON X<br />I. Agreement of Subject and Verb<br /> J. Agreement of Verbs with Collective Nouns<br /> K. Agreement of Verbs with Indefinite Pronouns<br />
  24. 24. “Judge a man by his questions rather than his answers.”<br />-Voltaire<br />
  25. 25. LESSON XI<br /> l. Special Cases of Agreements<br />
  26. 26. “And Jehovah God went on to say,’It is not good for the man to continue by himself.I am going to make a helper for him, as a complement of him.’”<br />-Genesis 2:18<br />
  27. 27. LESSON XII<br />M. Complements<br /> * Complements of Action Verbs<br /> * Direct Objects<br /> * Transitive and Intransitive Verbs<br /> * The Indirect Object<br /> * Complements of Linking Verbs<br /> * Predicate Noun, Pronoun and adjectives<br />
  28. 28. ”The wisest man has something yet to learn.”<br />-George Santayana<br />
  29. 29. LESSON XIII<br />D. Prepositions<br /> a. Definition<br /> b. Objects of the Preposition<br /> c. Compound or Phrasal Prepositions<br />
  30. 30. “Consider the postage stamp my son. It secures success through its ability to stick to one thing till it gets there.<br />-Josh Billings<br />
  31. 31. LESSON XIV<br />E.Casesof Nouns and Pronouns<br /> a. Nominative Case of Nouns and Pronouns<br /> b. Objective Case of Nouns<br /> c. Objective Case of Pronouns<br />d.PossessiveCase of Nouns<br />e.PossessiveCase of Pronouns<br />
  32. 32. “For they conquer those who believe they can.”<br />-John Dryden<br />
  33. 33. LESSON XV<br />F. Adjectives<br /> a. Definition<br /> b. Attributive and Predicate Positions<br /> c. Kinds of Adjectives<br />*Descriptive *Nouns as Adjectives *Limiting *Pronouns as Adjectives<br />
  34. 34. “A word is not a crystal, transparent and unchanged, it is the skin of a living thought and may vary greatly in color and content according to the circumstances and the time in which it is used.”<br />-Oliver Wendell Holmes<br />
  35. 35. LESSON XVI<br />D. Comparison in Adjectives<br /> *Positive Degree<br /> *Comparative Degree<br /> *Superlative Degree<br /> *Adjectives Not Compared<br />
  36. 36. “Eloquence is the child of knowledge.”<br />-Benjamin Disraeli<br />
  37. 37. LESSON XVII<br /> G. Adverbs<br /> a. Definition<br /> b. Kinds of Adverbs<br /> >Adverb of Manner<br /> >Adverb of Place<br /> >Adverb of Frequency<br /> >Adverb of Time<br /> >Adverb of Degree<br /> >Interrogative Adverbs<br />
  38. 38. C. Nouns and Adjectives Used as Adverbs<br />D. Degrees of Comparison<br />>Positive Degree<br /> >Comparative Degree<br /> >Superlative Degree<br /> >Adverbs Not Compared<br />
  39. 39. “All wish to possess knowledge, but few, comparatively speaking, are willing to pay the price.”<br />-Juvenal<br />
  40. 40. LESSON XVIII<br />H. Prepositional Phrases<br /> a. Review of Prepositions<br /> b. Review of Objects of Prepositions<br /> c. Prepositional Phrases<br />>Adjective Phrases<br /> >Adverbial Phrases<br /> d. Correct use of Prepositions<br />
  41. 41. “The block of granite which is an obstacle in the pathway of the weak becomes a stepping-stone in the pathway of the strong.”<br />-Thomas Carlyle<br />
  42. 42. LESSON XIX<br />I. Conjunctions<br /> a. Definition<br />b.Typesof Conjunctions<br />>Coordinating Conjunctions<br /> >Correlating Conjunctions<br /> >Subordinating Conjunctions<br />J. Interjections<br />K. Concluding the Study of the Simple Sentence<br />
  43. 43. “A house is not a home unless it contains food and fire for the mind as well as the body.”<br />-Margaret Fuller<br />
  44. 44. LESSON XX<br />REVIEW<br />
  45. 45. “Knowledge is power.”<br />-Francis Bacon<br />
  46. 46. LESSON XXI<br />IV. Clauses<br />A.Definition<br />B.Typesof Clauses<br />a.Mainor Independent Clause<br />b.Subordinateor Dependent Clause<br />>Adverbial Clauses<br />
  47. 47. “Language, as well as the faculty of speech, was the immediate gift of God.”<br />-Noah Webster<br />
  48. 48. LESSON XXII<br /> >Adjective Clauses<br /> +Restrictive and Nonrestrictive<br /> >Noun Clauses<br />
  49. 49. “The Difficult is that which can be done immediately; the Impossible that which takes a little longer.”<br />-George Santayana<br />
  50. 50. LESSON XXIII<br /> V. Classifying Sentences Based on Clauses<br /> A. Simple Sentence<br /> B. Compound Sentence<br /> a. Comma Fault<br /> b. Run on Error<br /> C. Complex Sentence<br /> D. Compound-Complex Sentence<br />
  51. 51. “An action, to be effective, must be directed to clearly defined ends.”<br />-Jawaharlal Nehru<br />
  52. 52. LESSON XXIV<br />VI. Verbals<br /> A. Participles<br /> a. Present Participles<br /> b. Past Participles<br /> c. Perfect Participles<br /> d. Dangling Participles<br />
  53. 53. “A man who gives his children habits of industry provides for them better than by giving them a fortune.”<br />-Richard Whately<br />
  54. 54. LESSON XXV<br /> B. Gerunds<br />a. Definition<br /> b. Dangling Gerund<br /> C. Infinitives<br />a. Infinitives as Nouns<br /> b. Infinitives as Adverbs<br /> c. Infinitives as Adjectives<br /> d. Omitted Sign of the Infinitive<br /> e. Split Infinitives<br />
  55. 55. “That is a good book which is opened with expectation and closed in profit.”<br />-Amos Bronson Alcott <br />
  56. 56. LESSON XXVI<br />VII. Punctuations<br /> A. Period<br /> B. Question Mark<br /> C. Exclamation Point<br /> D. Quotation Mark<br /> E. Apostrophe<br />
  57. 57. “Even if you’re in the right track-you’ll get run over if you just sit there.”<br />-Arthur Godfrey<br />
  58. 58. LESSON XXVII<br />F. Comma<br /> G. Colon<br /> H. Semicolon<br /> I. Parenthesis<br /> J. Dash<br />
  59. 59. “Aim at perfection in everything though in most things it is unattainable. However, they who aim at it, and persevere, will come much nearer to it than those whose laziness and despondency make them give it up as unattainable.”<br />-Lord Chesterfield <br />
  60. 60. LESSON XXVIII<br /> K. Capitalization<br />
  61. 61. the end…<br />

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