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Derived from Latin and Greek Word, , and Greek , meaning .
A country in Southeast Asia and Oceania, also an archipelago (like Philippines)
with approx. 17, 508 islands.
The capital city is Jakarta.
Exotic as the most famous island,
known for its captivating art and temples.
plays important role in Indonesian music and culture.
Indonesian reflected in their .
reflects diversity of the culture from ethnic groups that Indonesia have.
Where we can found the biggest number of Muslims on Earth.
Religions are , , , , and .
Musical Elements Characteristics
Rhythm Off nested time/structure is 8 or 16 bars
Melody Uses pelog and slendro scale
Form Repeated
Timbre Nasal
Harmony and Texture polyphonic
Polyphonic producing many sounds simultaneously.
– long historical narratives, courting and love songs, devotional
praise melodies, and children’s songs.
- used together with gamelan for ornamentation purpose.
a. Pesindhen – female singer who sings with the gamelan.
b. Gerong – male chorus who sings with the gamelan in unison.
c. Berong Becayan – mixed chorus which sings with the gamelan.
– has two predominant scales.
– named from the Indian Kings of the Sailendra Dynasty who ruled
Java between 8th and 10th century. A pentatonic scale and older than pelog.
– has two predominant scales.
– one of the essential scales (aside from slendro) of gamelan music native to
Bali and Java (Indonesia). In Javanese, the term is from the word meaning
and . It has seven notes.
 A native art form and dates back before Hindu-Buddhist culture came to
Indonesia.
 Javanese mythology believed that it was created by Sang Hyang Guru. He ruled
the place of Maendra Mountain. He invented songs as a way of summoning
(summon) the gods. He also invented two more gongs for complex messages.
 Most important kind of music in Indonesia an essential part of Indonesian
culture.
 It is in polyphonic in structure.
 It comes from ancient terms, “gamble” or “gamel” means to play musically or
to hammer.
 Ensemble of tuned percussion instruments (madeupof gongs,metalphones,and
drums).
Javanese Gamelan
o Used for court music
o Percussion dominated
o Style of playing gives solemn character
Balinese Gamelan
o Used for sacred music
o Consists of metallophone, mostly gongs
o Sudden change of tempo and dynamics
o Sounds are very bright and brilliant
o Used fast and rattling sounds of cymbals
Javanese Gamelan Balinese Gamelan
Bonang – plays the melody in the gamelan ensemble.
Gender – a metallophone with bronze sustained keys
suspended by cords in wooden frame.
Saron – produces a tone one octave higher than demung,
with a smaller size. Kenong - a set of small gongs.
Javanese Gamelan Balinese Gamelan
Gong-ageng – the most important instrument of the Gamelan
Kempul – a set of pitched gongs
Ceng – ceng – a set of four
cymbals mounted and
inverted on a wooden frame.
Kendang – a set of drums of different sizes.
1. It is believed to be guided by spirits, thus Indonesians offere flowers
and incense to it.
2. Shoes must be removed before entering the area of orchestra.
3. Stepping over the instruments is forbidden.
4. Only the best player is allowed to play the gong ageng.
1. It accompanies religious ceremonies and important events.
2. It is used as part of the entertainment like the puppet show, Wayang
Kulit.
3. It provides a means of livelihood to the Indonesian.

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Week 1

  • 1.
  • 2. Derived from Latin and Greek Word, , and Greek , meaning . A country in Southeast Asia and Oceania, also an archipelago (like Philippines) with approx. 17, 508 islands. The capital city is Jakarta. Exotic as the most famous island, known for its captivating art and temples.
  • 3. plays important role in Indonesian music and culture. Indonesian reflected in their . reflects diversity of the culture from ethnic groups that Indonesia have. Where we can found the biggest number of Muslims on Earth. Religions are , , , , and .
  • 4. Musical Elements Characteristics Rhythm Off nested time/structure is 8 or 16 bars Melody Uses pelog and slendro scale Form Repeated Timbre Nasal Harmony and Texture polyphonic Polyphonic producing many sounds simultaneously.
  • 5. – long historical narratives, courting and love songs, devotional praise melodies, and children’s songs. - used together with gamelan for ornamentation purpose. a. Pesindhen – female singer who sings with the gamelan. b. Gerong – male chorus who sings with the gamelan in unison. c. Berong Becayan – mixed chorus which sings with the gamelan.
  • 6. – has two predominant scales. – named from the Indian Kings of the Sailendra Dynasty who ruled Java between 8th and 10th century. A pentatonic scale and older than pelog.
  • 7. – has two predominant scales. – one of the essential scales (aside from slendro) of gamelan music native to Bali and Java (Indonesia). In Javanese, the term is from the word meaning and . It has seven notes.
  • 8.  A native art form and dates back before Hindu-Buddhist culture came to Indonesia.  Javanese mythology believed that it was created by Sang Hyang Guru. He ruled the place of Maendra Mountain. He invented songs as a way of summoning (summon) the gods. He also invented two more gongs for complex messages.
  • 9.  Most important kind of music in Indonesia an essential part of Indonesian culture.  It is in polyphonic in structure.  It comes from ancient terms, “gamble” or “gamel” means to play musically or to hammer.  Ensemble of tuned percussion instruments (madeupof gongs,metalphones,and drums).
  • 10. Javanese Gamelan o Used for court music o Percussion dominated o Style of playing gives solemn character Balinese Gamelan o Used for sacred music o Consists of metallophone, mostly gongs o Sudden change of tempo and dynamics o Sounds are very bright and brilliant o Used fast and rattling sounds of cymbals
  • 11. Javanese Gamelan Balinese Gamelan Bonang – plays the melody in the gamelan ensemble. Gender – a metallophone with bronze sustained keys suspended by cords in wooden frame. Saron – produces a tone one octave higher than demung, with a smaller size. Kenong - a set of small gongs.
  • 12. Javanese Gamelan Balinese Gamelan Gong-ageng – the most important instrument of the Gamelan Kempul – a set of pitched gongs Ceng – ceng – a set of four cymbals mounted and inverted on a wooden frame. Kendang – a set of drums of different sizes.
  • 13. 1. It is believed to be guided by spirits, thus Indonesians offere flowers and incense to it. 2. Shoes must be removed before entering the area of orchestra. 3. Stepping over the instruments is forbidden. 4. Only the best player is allowed to play the gong ageng.
  • 14. 1. It accompanies religious ceremonies and important events. 2. It is used as part of the entertainment like the puppet show, Wayang Kulit. 3. It provides a means of livelihood to the Indonesian.