The weather in the tundra is normally very cold but in July (summer) it gets a bit warmer but still only about 18 degrees Celsius 70 60 50 40 30 20 max 10 min 0 -10Note: this graphs temperatures are in
The Tundra climate is extremely cold and duringthe summer (June, July and August) the sunshines almost 24 hours908070605040 average rainfall mm30 average snow days2010 average fog days 0
The tundra is located mostly at thetop of the earth. Some of the mainlocations are northern northAmerica, northern Europe, northernAsia and at the tops of mountainranges.
The tundra is located at the top ofthe world and in mountain rangesbecause of:The altitudeAnd because of the climate there
In the tundra there are many differenttypes of plants and some of them arethe arctic willow, bearberry, diamondleaf willow, labrador tea, pasqueflower, tufted saxifrage plus a couple ofdifferent mosses named arctic mossand caribou moss. I will now explain inmore detail about the arctic willow andbearberry.
The arctic willow is a plant that grows mainly in thetundra and comes in useful not only to the animals inthe tundra but also humans. Some of the things thatmake it so useful are: The willow bark can be eaten to clean teeth, prevent cavities used as an aspirin substitute and even help heal rashes, burns and insects bites It’s braches are flexible enough to make fish traps and baskets If you get the right part of the willow you can actually eat it and It has 7 to 10 times more vitamin c than an orange It is fairly small and never gets any bigger than 60
The bearberry like the arctic willow is not onlyimportant for animals but also for us humans.Some of the things that make the bearberryimportant: It is very effective when treating kidney cancer Autumn is the time when bearberry is best for picking You can only use the leaves an berries Doesn’t grow very high Grows mainly in dry non-nutrient soils
In the tundra there are many differentanimals but there aren’t as many assome biomes because the climate is socold and the animals have had adapt toconditions. Some of the animals thathave adapted to the conditions are thearctic fox, caribou, ermine, grizzlybear, harlequin duck, musk ox, polarbear, snowy owl, wolf, arctic hare, snow
The caribou is a deer like animal but can also be known asreindeer. Some interesting facts about the caribou are: Only deer that females and males both have antlers They use there antlers to dig through snow for food in winter They can migrate up to 4828 km a year (3000 miles) They can run up to 80 km an hour When they sense danger they let a special scent out to warn other caribou There hooves are adapted to the snowy conditions and can be used as paddles in the water They live for 7-15 years Some threats to them are wolves, bears, golden eagles and even humans
The arctic fox also known as the white fox is knownmainly as an omnivore in the tundra some otherinteresting facts are: It weighs around 2.5-9 kg and grows to 75-115 cm long They dig burrows in cliff sides and bury themselves and their food in the snow for protection During winter (December, January, February) they hunt alone but during summer (June, July, August) they hunt in big packs with mostly males but some females too They can run at 48 km and will skid on ice
An a food chain it shows the producer (the grass) the fist consumer (the arctic hare) the second consumer (arctic wolf) and this goes on until there is nothing left to eat the final consumer So in this food chain the arctic wolf eats the arctic hare and the arctic hare eats thegrass. wolf Arctic Arctic Grass hare
In a Tundra food web there is lots ofdifferent food chains put together.Example: In a tundra food web thepolar bear eats the arctic fox and theringed seal. The arctic fox eats thepika, arctic hare, lemming, snowgoose, snow bunting, snowy gooseand the ermine.
The tundra is the coldest of all biomes The word tundra comes from the Finnish word turnturi meaning treeless plain It has little precipitation, Poor nutrients, simple vegetation, short growing season and limitation of drainage The tundra is the second most deadly environment in the world It is the youngest biome In summer the sun shines 24 hours a day When the sea freezes the salt rises to the top as
they have six week summers Gets less rain than in the desert It covers 20% of the earths surface and is 3 million square miles long The ground can be covered by snow up to 3 feet deep Winds blow in between 30 -60 miles an hour most of the time It’s the smallest biome There is two types of the tundra the polar tundra and the arctic tundra