In the Tundra theweather is normallyextremely cold. Thewinter temperaturesNormally averagebetween -20 to -30degrees C. In thesummer thetemperatureaverages between 3to 12 degrees C.
The climate in thetundra is a cold anddry climate. Thereare strong, dryingwinds in the tundraalong withcold, desert likeconditions. There isan average of 6 to10 inches of rain ayear.
The Tundra ismainly locatedin thenorthern sideof the worldnear the northpole.
The tundra can be found in thesecountries. Alaska, Nth Canada, Greenland, Nth Scandinavia, Nth Siberia and Russia
There are not many plants in thetundra because of the climate. Thetundra includes plants such as arcticmoss, arcticwillow, bearberry, cariboumoss, diamond-leaf willow, labradortea, pasque flower, tuftedsaxifrage, yellow tundra flower.
Information on the Bearberry:Stem rises 2-8 inches off the groundLow growing plantThey bloom between March and JuneSilky hairs can keep the plant warmThey grow in dry areasThe bearberry isn’t found in any otherbiome
Information on the Pasque Flower:The pasque flower is a member of theRanunculaceous family.Grows low to the ground.The colour varies from dark lavender towhite.The fine, silky hairs on the plant helpinsulate the flower.
There are quite a fewanimals in the Tundra. Someanimals include PolarBear, Caribou, Arcticfox, Arctic hare, SnowyOwl, Musk Ox, RockPtarmigan, Ermine, GrizzlyBear, wolves, Pikas, Ravens,Shrew, Squirrel, BaldEagle, Penguin.
Basic Information:Mammal.Omnivore.Weighs 3-7 kg.Scientific name: Lupus arcticus.Other information:Skin changes each season. Brown and/orgrey in summer, white in winter.A female can have a maximum of 8babies.The baby hare is called a leveret.
Basic information:MammalHerbivoreLives for 12-20 yearsMore information:Has enemies such as the arctic fox,arctic wolf, polar bears etc.Scientific name ofOvibos Moschatus
There are many different food chains in the tundra.Below is an example of a food chain. In this food chainbelow, the grass is the producer. That makes thecaribou consumer 1 and the arctic wolf consumer 2.the arctic wolf eats the caribou and the grass. Thecaribou only eats the grass and the arctic wolf is itspredator. Caribou (NOTE: image could not be found on website) Arctic Wolf Grass
A food web is basically all the food chainsconnected together. This is an example of afood web.A polar bear eats the arctic fox which eats thesnowy owl and an ermine, it also eats a snowygoose and a snow buntling. It also eatspika, arctic hare and lemming.
The word Tundra means land of no trees The tundra has six weeks of summer Earth’s coldest and harshest biome summer lasts 50-60 days where the sun shines 24 hours a day
Believed to have formed 10,000 years ago covers one tenth of the world permanently covered in a layer of permafrosttwo types of tundra, polar tundra and arctic tundra