Sarah R8


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This is an awesome slideshow on tundra

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Sarah R8

  1. 1. By Sarah
  2. 2. • Antarctica• Islands of Greenland• North eastern Scandinavia• Bering Strait• Northern Siberia• Northern Iceland • Northern Canada • Northern Alaska • South America • Drake Passage • South Shetland Islands • Falkland Islands
  3. 3. Winter in the Arctic Tundra, the conditions are the exact opposite. There are severalIn the Arctic Tundra there weeks were the sun doesn’tare only two seasons, winter rise, so it is pitch black.and summer. Summer in the This causes the temperatureArctic Tundra, the sun shines of the Arctic Tundra to drop24 hours a day, 7 days a severely. The averageweek. The sun however, only temperature in the winter ofwarms the tundra up to about an Arctic Tundra is around -3˚C to 12˚C. 28˚C, and it can also get even colder and go down to the -70˚C.
  4. 4. There are 2 types of polar The Polar Tundra is a partclimates: tundra climate and of the World Climateice cap climate. A tundra Regions which is markedclimate is characterised by with cold climatehaving at least 1 month conditions. Regions withwhose average temperature Polar Climate cover overis above 0˚C, while an ice 20% of the Earth. Thecap climate has no months sun shines 24 hours a dayabove 0˚C. In tundra in summer and barely everclimate trees cannot grow in shines at all in winter.that climate. Polar Climate results in treeless tundra, glaciers or a permanent or semi- permanent layer of ice.
  5. 5. The ground is permanentlyfrozen 25 to 100centimetres down so no typeof plant or tree would beable to in these extreme Summerconditions. The tundra is one temperatures inof the driest and coldest the Alpine Climatebiome so any of the animals ranges between -there would have to have a 12˚C to 10˚C. Thepretty big fur coat. average annual temperature are - 56˚C.
  6. 6. • Tundra means tree less plain• There are only six weeks of summer in the tundra• 3 types of tundras: tundra, polar tundra and arctic tundra• At least 25 to 90 centimetres of water is frozen• In summer it stays light for 24 hours each day• The only tree that grows on land in the Arctic Tundra is the Dwarf Willow that grows only 100 millimetres every year
  7. 7. • Only experiences summer between May, June and July• Tundra plays an important role in keeping global temperatures stable, by absorbing all the carbon dioxide in the atmosphere• Tundra is known as the second most deadliest place in the world• It is the coldest biome out of all 5• It is considered not suitable for human habitation
  8. 8. • Some insects and reptiles live in the cold of the tundra.• The North American Arctic tundra gets more rain than a desert.• It is the harshest biome.• 400 different types of flowers in the Arctic Tundra.• There is always light in summer• It is pitch black in winter
  9. 9. • Bearberry• Arctic Moss• Caribou Moss• Diamond Leaf Willow • Cinquefoil• Labrador Tea • Arctic Lichen• Pasque Flower • Buttercups• Tufted Saxifrage • Wild Crocus• Arctic Lupine • Campanulas• Arctic Poppy • Purple Saxifrage
  10. 10. In the Arctic Tundrathere are approximately1700 types of plantsthat live in this zone. Bearberry Arctic Moss Labrador TeaHere arewhat somelook like: Caribou Moss Pasque Flower Diamond Leaf Willow
  11. 11. Here are what some look like:Arctic Poppy Arctic Lupine Cinquefoil Buttercup Campanulas Purple Wild Crocus Saxifrage Arctic Lichen
  12. 12. • Antarctic Fur Seal• Arctic Fox• Arctic Hare• Arctic Lemming• Arctic Loon• Arctic Shrew• Arctic Wolf • Harlequin Duck • Killer Whale • King Penguin • Moose • Musk Ox • Polar Bear • Snow Goose
  13. 13. Penguins are an They spend aboutaquatic, flightless bird half their lives inliving almost exclusively water and the otherin the southern half is spent on land.hemisphere especially inAntarctica. Most penguins eat krill, fish, squid and other forms of sea life caught while swimming underwater.
  14. 14. Arctic foxes are asmall fox. Native toarctic regions of thenorthern hemisphereand is commonthroughout the arctictundra biome. There are 4 subspecies of arctic foxes— • Bering Islands Arctic Fox • Pribilof Islands Arctic Fox • Iceland Arctic Fox • Greenland Arctic Fox
  15. 15. Caribou, also called In summer cariboureindeer, are found in herds head north in onenorthern regions of North of the world’s greatAmerica, Europe, Asia and large-animal migrations.Greenland. They may travel more than 965 kilometres. Caribou are the only type of deer that both male and female caribou have antlers.
  16. 16. Arctic Foxes Lemmings GrassesSun
  17. 17. Arctic HaresSnowy Owls LichenSun
  18. 18. Polar Bear Arctic Foxes Pikas GrassesSun
  19. 19. All my headings came from— www.glowtxt.comPhotos from— from— I used their information and put it into my owninformation.