پروژه كوششي موقتي است كه بر بوجود اوردن بك نتيجه يكتا تمركز مي كند.بدين دليل كلمه موقتي بكار مي رود زيرا نقطه شروع وپاياني براي ان تعريف مي شود و صرفا كوتاه بودن تلاش را نمي رساند.وقتي كار پايان ميابد كه سازمان به اهداف خود رسيده باشد.به عبارت ديگر ضرورتي براي انجام پروژه احساس نشده ويا به اهداف سازمان نرسيده باشيم.خروجي حاصل از پروژه ممكن است محصول ويا خدمت باشد كه از ويزگي هاي پروژه محسوب شده و در نوع خود منحصر بفرد است و بعلاوه, پروژه ها بشدت با عملياتشان قابل تشخيص هستند كه پيوسته و مداوم بوده ونتايج منظم خود را دارند.
PLC در واقع ترکیب :1- اجرای کار در راستای اهداف سازمانی+2-اجرای کار مطابق با متدولوژی عملی موجود در سازمان است. در واقع PLC فازهای عمومی و گاهی دارای هم پوشانی می باشد که نام و تعداد آنها بستگی دارد به الف: نیازهای کنترلی سازمانب: نیازهای مدیریتی سازمانج:ذات طبیعی آن پروژهد: حوزه کابرد
PMP Prep Handout_Framework
PMP® EXAM PREPARATION COURSE – DAY ONE
Based on PMBOK® Guide 4th Edition + Revisited August 30th of 2011
“PMI”, “PMP”, “Project Management Professional” and “PMBOK® Guide”
are registered certification marks of the Project Management Institute, Inc.
About Season Training & Development Center
2This copy is a SeasonTD Student benefit, not for distribution, sale, or reproduction.
• Season TD (Training & Development Center) is a professional training and
organizational consultancy training provider in Iran, active since 2009;
established as a subsidiary of Season Group (established 1994).
• Season TD joined the Prestigious Group of Organizations Approved by
Project Management Institute to Provide Project Management Training
on 12 August 2011 and is approved by Project Management Institute
(PMI) to become first and only PMI Registered Education Provider (R.E.P.)
in Iran. Fore more info check: www.seasontd.ir
Ali Forouzesh is a Certified OPM3® Assessor and Consultant
as well as professional in IT service management (Certified
ITIL® v3), project management (PMP®) and IT Portfolio
management (Certified IBM Portfolio Manager). He is a
leader in organizational development and maturity
improvement projects with experiences in planning and
implementing organizational project management systems
and integrated solutions. Ali is PMO manager of Season
Training and Development Center and Season Corporation
member of strategy board.
3This copy is a SeasonTD Student benefit, not for distribution, sale, or reproduction.
LinkedIn : http://www.linkedin.com/in/aliforouzesh
PM Standard Purpose
The increasing success of project management
indicates that the application of appropriate
knowledge, processes, skills, tools, and techniques can
have an impact on the success of projects.
Your boss walked into your office today & said:
“The system is broken, Can you figure out what is wrong with it & fix it?
Would this be a project? Why?
• Project Manager is assigned to achieve project objectives to
do so, he/she needs to have following characteristics:
The relationship among these factors is such that if any one factor changes, at least
one other factor is likely to be affected.
Because of the potential for change, the project management plan is iterative and
goes through progressive elaboration throughout the project’s life cycle.
Progressive elaboration involves continuously improving and detailing a plan as
more-detailed and specific information and more accurate estimates become
available. Progressive elaboration allows a project management team to manage
to a greater level of detail as the project evolves.
Project Management Office (PMO)
• Provides the policies, methodologies,
and templates for managing projects
within the organization
• Provides support and guidance to
others in the organization on how to
manage projects, trains others in
project management or project
management software, and assists
with specific project management
• Provides project managers for
different projects, and is responsible
for the results of those projects (All
projects, or projects of a certain size,
type, or influence, are managed by
OPM3 is PMI's organizational project management maturity model. This model is
designed to help organizations determine their level of maturity in project
management. There is a separate standard from PMI for OPM3. You should be
familiar with the term OPM3 and generally know what it is.
Person or organization (e.g., customer, sponsor, performing organization, or the
public) that is actively involved in the project, or whose interests may be positively
or negatively affected by execution or completion of the project. A stakeholder
may also exert influence over the project and its deliverables.
• This definition is taken from the Glossary of the Project Management Institute, A Guide to the Project Management Body
of Knowledge, (PMBOK® Guide) –Fourth Edition, Project Management Institute, Inc., 2008.
Product Life Cycle:
A product can require or spawn many projects over its life.
Project Life Cycle:
1. what you need to do to complete the work
2. project management methodology or project management process
for managing the project.
Project Management Process:
The project management process includes the initiating, planning,
executing, monitoring and controlling, and closing process groups
Project Life Cycle
• A project life cycle is a collection of project phases that defines:
• What work will be performed in each phase
• What deliverables will be produced and when
• Who is involved in each phase
• How management will control and approve work produced in each phase
• A deliverable is a product or service produced or provided as part of a
manager is selected
team is assembled
initial resources are allocated
work program is organized
many loose ends to tie up
Organizational Process Asset (OPA)
Organizational Process Asset (OPA), provide guidelines & criteria for tailoring the
organization’s process to the specific needs of the projects.