SlideShare a Scribd company logo
1 of 50
Download to read offline
-Contribution of Akbar and his successors .
GROUP -2
 Due to central location of Agra, Akbar made
this as his capital.
 Akbar’s historian, Abdul Fazal, recorded that
this was a brick fort known as
‘Badalgarh’,built by the Lodhis. It was in a
ruined condition and Akbar had it rebuilt with
red sandstone from Barauli area in Rajasthan.
 Some 4,000 builders worked on it daily for
eight years, completing it in 1573.
 AKBARI MAHAL
 AKBAR’S BAOLI
 JAHANGIR MAHAL
 TAH KHANA
 SHAHI HAMMAM
 MINA BAZAR
 TAKH-I-JAHANGIRI(THRONE)
 DIWAN-I-KHAS
 KHAS MAHAL
 GOLDEN PAVILLIONS
 MACHCHI BHAWAN
 MINA MASJID
 SHAH JAHAN’S APARTMENT
 ANGURI BAGH
 MUSSAMAN BURJ
 PACHISI COURT
 MARBLETHRONE
 NAGINA MASJID
 SHISH MAHAL
 MOTI MASJID
 AMAR SINGH GATE
 CHITTOR GATE
 DELHI GATE
 SHAH JAHANI GATE
 GHAZNI GATE
 The southern gateway or the ‘Amar Singh
Gate’ was originally known as 'Akbar
Darwaza’.
 The gate shares architectural traits with the
Delhi Gate such as having a drawbridge over
the moat, dangerous diversions at the
entrance and a high ramp paved with bricks.
 It is flanked by two bastions.
 After entering the southern
gate , one faces a tall multi
storied gate of red sandstone
on the eastern side.
 It has a small pointed arch
entrance. The gate is built over
a high plinth with a rectangular
small platform supported on
stone brackets.
 The arch is outline by white
marble inlay work of
geometrical design.
 There is a wide stone
approach with strips .
 This double gate with
interior platform on both
sides and double arches as
the typical features of
Shah Jahan’s monuments.
 The facade of the gate has
series of deep rectangular
blind niches.The top is
covered with rectangular
large panels flanked by
solid turrets and crowned
by tall stone finials.
 This impressive gate is
pierced in the western
wall of the machhi
bahwan .
 Originally this fine gate
was meant for the private
approach of ladies to this
place.
 Now, it is provided with
bronze chittor gates,
brought from Hill Fort of
Chittorgarh as a trophy
by emperor Akbar who
captured the fort in 1568.
 The Delhi gate was the principal gateway of the
fort and hence it was designed most
monumentally.The gate was served as the
‘Naubat Khana’ where ceremonial music was
played at fixed timings.
 The bastions are octagonal in plan and double
storied and are crowned by a ‘chhatri’ each.
 The bastions are beautifully designed and
ornamented with colored marble inlay work.
 Beautifully designed ‘jaalis’ have been used on
the balustrade of the balconies.
 The gate belonged
to the mausoleum
of Mahmud as is
evident from Arabic
Kufic inscription.
 The arch is designed
purely on Islamic
pattern.
 It is situated at the southeast corner at the
northern alignment of Jahangiri Mahal in Agra
fort, overlooking the river are the remains of the
Akbari Mahal.
 This is the oldest building of the fort, being
contemporary to the stepped well ‘baoli’ and the
rampart walls.
 The portico opened in the spacious rectangular
courtyard paved with red sandstone slabs.
 The courtyard was surrounded by large living
rooms and a double storied pavilion.
 These were the stepped wells meant for the
supply of water and were also used as retreats
for the inmates from the heat of summer.
 It is located near Bengali burj.
 It was purely utilitarian with shaft size of the well
being 8m in diameter and 25 m in depth.
 For convenience a stairway leaves down to the
water level.
 The mahal was the principal zenana(palace
for women belonging to the royal
household,mainly used by the rajput wives of
akbar.It is a blend of hindu and persian
architecture.
 Most striking aspect of the building is the
exquisite surface ornamentation including
marble inlay and intricate geometric and
floralThe large facade of the palace is most
remarkable for its projecting portico whose
lotus parapet is decorated with beautiful
merlon in relief, patterns.
 Rectangular opening with carved panels and
projecting balconies supported on circular
pillars, elegant brackets with Bengal slanting
roofs on both sides of the deep pointed shapely
arch where decoration with marble lined niches
and six pointed stars.
 The upper parts of the beautifully carved
brackets are decorated with parrots and other
birds.
 The upper storey is composed a of series of fine
arches, central projecting balcony and
overshadowed by chajjas or eaves.
 This circular bowl-shaped
monolithic tank (hauz) is
5 feet high, 8 feet in
diameter and 25 feet in
circumference at the rim.
 It has stairs on the
internal and external
sides.
 It is curved out of a single
stone and was used as a
container for fragrant
rose water.
 Mina bazar is a female handicraft market in
agra fort in Akbar’s reign .
 This is called fancy bazar where the royal
ladies of the mughal nobility displayed and
sold their goods particularly, gems , jewellery,
embroidered clothes.
 It is said that Emperor Jahangir liked Mehrun
Nisa ,later Noor Jahan Begum in this market
who later became the most powerful and
favorite queen of Jahangir’s empire.
 Black throne of Jahangir
 Prince Salim rebelled against
his father Akbar in 1602 and
made his seat of official
activities at Allahabad .
 He got this throne made of
black touch stone.
 After his accession Jahangir
brought it at Agra and placed it
on the terrace of Diwan-I-Khas.
 The throne is very black and
shiny.This monolithic throne is
3.3m long and 2.8 m broad.
 The Diwan-i-Aam or Hall of Public Audience originally
consisted of a square courtyard surrounded by
colonnades and the hall on the eastern side.
 Its façade is formed of an arcade of 9 cusp arches
with double pillars between each arch and a group of
4 at each corner, thus making 40 pillars in all.
 Although the structure is sandstone, it was probably
originally covered with an overlay of shell plaster,
ivory polished, the technical procedure carried out by
artisans from Rajputana region.
 It is present in the east wall
of Diwan-i-Aam.
 It is richly ornamented by
inlaid colorful marble with a
trefoil arched ornate
façade.
 The arch is finely decorated
with pietra dura works.
 Diwan-i-Khas or Hall of Private Audience was
used by the emperor for the reception of
important guests .
 Constructed in 1635, it had two halls and the
interior hall was known asTambi khana.
 Open on three sides, one can enter it through
five arched openings supported on double
columns.
 It had no chhatris over the parapet.
 The inner hall has beautiful jhalis, gracefully
designed and finished with floral patterns
 Emperor Shah Jahan has suspended a golden
chain of justice for listening to the grievances
of the people for providing justice in the hall .
 Shah Jahan constructed the Khas Mahal which
was called ‘Aramgah-I-Mualla’ (the exalted place
of rest).
 The building comprises open terraces and a hall,
flanked by a pavilion on either side serving as
partitions.
 The structure is erected on a sufficiently
elevated platform paved with marble.
 It is the royal pace of the emperor,splendidly set
the harem complex which includes curtain walls
elegant tanks ,fountains and a water fall.
 The main palace consists of a
central hall with alcoves and
rooms on sides and a large
’dalan’.
 On its front facing an open
platform with tank and
fountains overlooking the
garden ,now called the ’Anguri
bagh’.
 It has a delightful setting
,reflecting the fine aesthetic
sense of Shah Jahan.
 On the either side of Khas
Mahal is an oblong pavilion
with bangla roofs and curvrd
‘chhajjas’.
 The pavilions are constructed
of red sandstone which were
exquisitely plastered over with
marble and shell plaster,shining
like white marble.
 The pavilions are fancifully
,though wrongly called Jahan
Ara and Roshan Ara
appartments.
 These pavilions are divided into
vertical sections each one
bearing a trefoil arch .
 The large rectangular court measuring about 67.6m by 52m in
front of the khas mahal is the garden laid out in the Char Bagh
pattern with small hexagonal grids of red sandstone, now
called Anguri Bagh.
 Most probably grapes were grown in this garden which gave
the present name. At the center of the garden there is a small
water tank with a fountain.
 It is persian influence.
 It is a marble balcony
stands at the back of
Diwan-i-Am, has spacious
court with a series of flat
roofed chambers enclosed
in front by arcades of Indo
–Islamic styles.
 Originally the court was
adorned with marble tanks
and fountains in which gold
and silver fish were kept
which provided
amusement for emperor.
 Its upper floor is on a level
with Diwan-I-Khas and the
Nagina Masjid.
 This small mosque was built in white marble
by Shah Jahan for the use of his own and his
selected royal ladies.
 It is situated in the southwest of the Diwan-I-
Khas and to the south of Machhi Bhawan.
 Built in marble , it has a small open court in
front of three arched prayer chamber.
 The royal apartments of Shah Jahan are situated
to the south of the white marble Khas Mahal set
transitionally between the two major residential
complexes of two different periods.
 The interior constructed in Lakhauri bricks and
sandstone veneering with white stuccoed in fine
lime plaster which is colorfully painted with
vegetal motifs.
 The entire palace originally glittered like white
marble.
 It is an octagonal tower standing close to the Shah
Jahan's private hall Diwan-e-Khas.
 Shah Jahan was imprisoned in the Mussamman Burj
by his son Aurangzeb, and spent his final years in this
tower, looking out across theYamuna river to his
beloved Mumtaz laid to rest in theTaj Mahal.
 The Musamman Burj is made of delicate marble
lattices with ornamental niches so that the ladies of
the court could gaze out unseen.The decoration of
the walls is pietra dura.The chamber has a marble
dome on top and is surrounded by a verandah with a
beautiful carved fountain in the center.
 The dome is gilded in gold on copper sheets.
 It is situated to the lower storey of Musamman Burj , measuring 13.5 m
by 10 m paved with marble octagon representing the pattern similar
to a ‘pachisi board’ or Indian backgammon.
 It is an ornamental cover for the drains below .It drains water out of
the palace.
 All sides are enclosed by superb marble screens exquisite in geometric
design through which royal ladies might have viewed the sports of
elephant fights etc..
 Rectangular in shape, this
white marble throne is
remarkable for construction
and its history.
 The large slab is supported
on four marble legs carved
out of a single block and
stands on a white marble
slab measuring 15 inches .
 A wooden bejeweled throne
was placed over this marble
slab and occupied by the
Emperor during summer.
 The beautiful small mosque is
situated at the north west corner of
the Machhi Bhawan at the level of
Diwan-I-Khas overlooking the large
court of the Diwan-I-Am.
 It was built in 1635-36.
 This rectangular prayer chamber is
two bay deep with three arched
opening in the façade.
 The chajja protecting the façade is
curved in the midle above the central
arch and parapet(including the
bengali influence).
 The structure is surmounted by three
bulbous Mughal domes crowned by
lotus petal and ‘kalash’ with metallic
finials.
 It is built on an elevated ground sloping from west to
east just in front of the north gateways of Diwan-I-
Khas.
 The structure is externally made of red sandstone but
the entire interior is finished with white marble.
 It is a single quadrangle mosque within a central
courtyard .The arcaded cloisters on the
northern,eastern,southern sides with a beautiful
gateway .The cloisters are built with typically Shah
Jahani pillars and engrailed arches.
 There are octagonal towers attached to the corners
which are surmounted by corresponding ‘chattris’.
 The mosque have the main entrance on the river side.
 To the north east corner of the court in the lower storey is
situated the illustrious building ’Shish Mahal’(palace of mirror)
which is so named because of the fine profuse embellishment
of mirror on the arches, walls and the ceilings with irregular
geometric and floral patterns in thick stucco relief work
covering the walls and ceilings.
 This creates a picturesque scene when lighted with candle.
 It was constructed in 1637 and served as the luxurious bath of
the Khas Mahal.
 The bath comprises of two chambers ;the inner chamber has
apsidal ends and a marble tank with a fountain and the second
chamber also has similar tank.
 The glass mosiac consist of stucco relief in the form of
‘guldasta’ with natural leaves and flowers emitting
magnificently out of the typically indian ‘kalasha’ which
produces a gorgeously superb effect.
 World Heritage Series-AGRA FORT
(ARCHAEOLOGICAL SURVEY OF INDIA)

More Related Content

What's hot

Jahangir and aurangzeb
Jahangir and aurangzebJahangir and aurangzeb
Jahangir and aurangzebSachin Gangwar
 
Architecture under akbar
Architecture under akbarArchitecture under akbar
Architecture under akbarHena Dutt
 
Jodha Bai's Palace Fateh Pur Sikri
Jodha Bai's Palace Fateh Pur SikriJodha Bai's Palace Fateh Pur Sikri
Jodha Bai's Palace Fateh Pur SikriDhir Dhwaj
 
Mughal architectural monuments
Mughal architectural monumentsMughal architectural monuments
Mughal architectural monumentsNIMHANS
 
Shahjahan architecture
Shahjahan architecture Shahjahan architecture
Shahjahan architecture Abhishek Singh
 
Planning of fatehpur sikhri
Planning of fatehpur sikhriPlanning of fatehpur sikhri
Planning of fatehpur sikhrictlachu
 
Awadh architecture
Awadh architectureAwadh architecture
Awadh architectureAkshay Singh
 
Mughal Archiecture-Akbar ppt
Mughal Archiecture-Akbar pptMughal Archiecture-Akbar ppt
Mughal Archiecture-Akbar pptshaaz_bazmi
 
Awadh Architecture (The Later Mughals)
Awadh Architecture (The Later Mughals)Awadh Architecture (The Later Mughals)
Awadh Architecture (The Later Mughals)Kirtika Gupta
 
Architecture under shahjahan ii
Architecture under shahjahan iiArchitecture under shahjahan ii
Architecture under shahjahan iiHena Dutt
 
Final fatehpur sikri
Final fatehpur sikriFinal fatehpur sikri
Final fatehpur sikrichunnuchauhan
 
Hawa Mahal Presentation
Hawa Mahal PresentationHawa Mahal Presentation
Hawa Mahal PresentationKaushal joshi
 
Oudh architecture
Oudh architectureOudh architecture
Oudh architectureadarsh st
 
Architecture during the reign of Akbar
Architecture during the reign of Akbar Architecture during the reign of Akbar
Architecture during the reign of Akbar NEHA SINGHI
 

What's hot (20)

Jahangir and aurangzeb
Jahangir and aurangzebJahangir and aurangzeb
Jahangir and aurangzeb
 
Architecture under akbar
Architecture under akbarArchitecture under akbar
Architecture under akbar
 
Birbal Palace
Birbal PalaceBirbal Palace
Birbal Palace
 
Mughal Architecture
Mughal ArchitectureMughal Architecture
Mughal Architecture
 
Jodha Bai's Palace Fateh Pur Sikri
Jodha Bai's Palace Fateh Pur SikriJodha Bai's Palace Fateh Pur Sikri
Jodha Bai's Palace Fateh Pur Sikri
 
Mughal architectural monuments
Mughal architectural monumentsMughal architectural monuments
Mughal architectural monuments
 
Shahjahan architecture
Shahjahan architecture Shahjahan architecture
Shahjahan architecture
 
Red fort
Red fortRed fort
Red fort
 
Planning of fatehpur sikhri
Planning of fatehpur sikhriPlanning of fatehpur sikhri
Planning of fatehpur sikhri
 
mughal architecture
mughal architecturemughal architecture
mughal architecture
 
Old fort
Old fortOld fort
Old fort
 
Awadh architecture
Awadh architectureAwadh architecture
Awadh architecture
 
Mughal Archiecture-Akbar ppt
Mughal Archiecture-Akbar pptMughal Archiecture-Akbar ppt
Mughal Archiecture-Akbar ppt
 
Awadh Architecture (The Later Mughals)
Awadh Architecture (The Later Mughals)Awadh Architecture (The Later Mughals)
Awadh Architecture (The Later Mughals)
 
Architecture under shahjahan ii
Architecture under shahjahan iiArchitecture under shahjahan ii
Architecture under shahjahan ii
 
Lahore fort
Lahore fort Lahore fort
Lahore fort
 
Final fatehpur sikri
Final fatehpur sikriFinal fatehpur sikri
Final fatehpur sikri
 
Hawa Mahal Presentation
Hawa Mahal PresentationHawa Mahal Presentation
Hawa Mahal Presentation
 
Oudh architecture
Oudh architectureOudh architecture
Oudh architecture
 
Architecture during the reign of Akbar
Architecture during the reign of Akbar Architecture during the reign of Akbar
Architecture during the reign of Akbar
 

Similar to Contribution of Akbar and his successors

Shahi fort lahore
Shahi fort lahoreShahi fort lahore
Shahi fort lahoremaherraza
 
Best presentation on shahi fort lahore
Best presentation on shahi fort lahoreBest presentation on shahi fort lahore
Best presentation on shahi fort lahoremaherraza
 
Monuments of india
Monuments of indiaMonuments of india
Monuments of indiaAmeer Khan
 
Islamic Architecture Introduction
Islamic Architecture IntroductionIslamic Architecture Introduction
Islamic Architecture IntroductionSahil Diwan
 
Final Islamic Palaces
Final Islamic PalacesFinal Islamic Palaces
Final Islamic PalacesKaushal joshi
 
Mughal architecture
Mughal architectureMughal architecture
Mughal architectureaziz khan
 
Mughal art and architecture
Mughal art and architectureMughal art and architecture
Mughal art and architectureSayali Chinchore
 
SHISH MAHAL LAHORE PAKISTAN
SHISH MAHAL LAHORE PAKISTANSHISH MAHAL LAHORE PAKISTAN
SHISH MAHAL LAHORE PAKISTANnamePPS
 
humayu's tomb.pdf
humayu's tomb.pdfhumayu's tomb.pdf
humayu's tomb.pdfTeamishan
 
Indian historic monument TAJ MAHAL
Indian historic monument TAJ MAHALIndian historic monument TAJ MAHAL
Indian historic monument TAJ MAHALAlvina Khan
 
Taj Mahal Vs. Petronas Tower
Taj  Mahal  Vs.  Petronas  TowerTaj  Mahal  Vs.  Petronas  Tower
Taj Mahal Vs. Petronas TowerSomAth Kak
 
Aam Khas Bagh Sarai, Punjab
Aam Khas Bagh Sarai, PunjabAam Khas Bagh Sarai, Punjab
Aam Khas Bagh Sarai, PunjabHrishi Desai
 

Similar to Contribution of Akbar and his successors (20)

Shahi fort lahore
Shahi fort lahoreShahi fort lahore
Shahi fort lahore
 
Best presentation on shahi fort lahore
Best presentation on shahi fort lahoreBest presentation on shahi fort lahore
Best presentation on shahi fort lahore
 
Monuments of india
Monuments of indiaMonuments of india
Monuments of india
 
Islamic Architecture Introduction
Islamic Architecture IntroductionIslamic Architecture Introduction
Islamic Architecture Introduction
 
Final Islamic Palaces
Final Islamic PalacesFinal Islamic Palaces
Final Islamic Palaces
 
Mughal architecture
Mughal architectureMughal architecture
Mughal architecture
 
Mughal Architecture
Mughal Architecture Mughal Architecture
Mughal Architecture
 
Mughal art and architecture
Mughal art and architectureMughal art and architecture
Mughal art and architecture
 
Fatehpur sikri
Fatehpur sikriFatehpur sikri
Fatehpur sikri
 
RED FORT.pptx
RED FORT.pptxRED FORT.pptx
RED FORT.pptx
 
Educational trip report
Educational trip reportEducational trip report
Educational trip report
 
Mughal Architecture
Mughal ArchitectureMughal Architecture
Mughal Architecture
 
SHISH MAHAL LAHORE PAKISTAN
SHISH MAHAL LAHORE PAKISTANSHISH MAHAL LAHORE PAKISTAN
SHISH MAHAL LAHORE PAKISTAN
 
humayu's tomb.pdf
humayu's tomb.pdfhumayu's tomb.pdf
humayu's tomb.pdf
 
Indian historic monument TAJ MAHAL
Indian historic monument TAJ MAHALIndian historic monument TAJ MAHAL
Indian historic monument TAJ MAHAL
 
Taj Mahal Vs. Petronas Tower
Taj  Mahal  Vs.  Petronas  TowerTaj  Mahal  Vs.  Petronas  Tower
Taj Mahal Vs. Petronas Tower
 
Fatehpur sikri
Fatehpur sikriFatehpur sikri
Fatehpur sikri
 
Taj Mahal (@)
Taj Mahal (@)Taj Mahal (@)
Taj Mahal (@)
 
Aam Khas Bagh Sarai, Punjab
Aam Khas Bagh Sarai, PunjabAam Khas Bagh Sarai, Punjab
Aam Khas Bagh Sarai, Punjab
 
Mysore2
Mysore2Mysore2
Mysore2
 

More from Yash Kotgirwar

More from Yash Kotgirwar (16)

Trasnportation system of mumbai
Trasnportation system of  mumbaiTrasnportation system of  mumbai
Trasnportation system of mumbai
 
Concrete Constructions
Concrete ConstructionsConcrete Constructions
Concrete Constructions
 
Hsva rajasthan
Hsva rajasthanHsva rajasthan
Hsva rajasthan
 
Jnnurm
JnnurmJnnurm
Jnnurm
 
Titanium
TitaniumTitanium
Titanium
 
Integrated solid waste managemet of bangalore
Integrated solid waste managemet of bangaloreIntegrated solid waste managemet of bangalore
Integrated solid waste managemet of bangalore
 
1. konark
1. konark1. konark
1. konark
 
Kauffman centre for performing arts
Kauffman centre for performing artsKauffman centre for performing arts
Kauffman centre for performing arts
 
Low cost building materials and construction techniques
Low cost building materials and construction techniquesLow cost building materials and construction techniques
Low cost building materials and construction techniques
 
Seminar 2
Seminar 2Seminar 2
Seminar 2
 
Nid & CEPT ahmedabad primary case study
Nid & CEPT ahmedabad primary case studyNid & CEPT ahmedabad primary case study
Nid & CEPT ahmedabad primary case study
 
Hsva rajasthan
Hsva rajasthanHsva rajasthan
Hsva rajasthan
 
Building Services
Building ServicesBuilding Services
Building Services
 
Cons. report
Cons. reportCons. report
Cons. report
 
Report
ReportReport
Report
 
Design case study
Design case studyDesign case study
Design case study
 

Recently uploaded

DiskStorage_BasicFileStructuresandHashing.pdf
DiskStorage_BasicFileStructuresandHashing.pdfDiskStorage_BasicFileStructuresandHashing.pdf
DiskStorage_BasicFileStructuresandHashing.pdfChristalin Nelson
 
ClimART Action | eTwinning Project
ClimART Action    |    eTwinning ProjectClimART Action    |    eTwinning Project
ClimART Action | eTwinning Projectjordimapav
 
Q-Factor General Quiz-7th April 2024, Quiz Club NITW
Q-Factor General Quiz-7th April 2024, Quiz Club NITWQ-Factor General Quiz-7th April 2024, Quiz Club NITW
Q-Factor General Quiz-7th April 2024, Quiz Club NITWQuiz Club NITW
 
Mythology Quiz-4th April 2024, Quiz Club NITW
Mythology Quiz-4th April 2024, Quiz Club NITWMythology Quiz-4th April 2024, Quiz Club NITW
Mythology Quiz-4th April 2024, Quiz Club NITWQuiz Club NITW
 
Q-Factor HISPOL Quiz-6th April 2024, Quiz Club NITW
Q-Factor HISPOL Quiz-6th April 2024, Quiz Club NITWQ-Factor HISPOL Quiz-6th April 2024, Quiz Club NITW
Q-Factor HISPOL Quiz-6th April 2024, Quiz Club NITWQuiz Club NITW
 
Shark introduction Morphology and its behaviour characteristics
Shark introduction Morphology and its behaviour characteristicsShark introduction Morphology and its behaviour characteristics
Shark introduction Morphology and its behaviour characteristicsArubSultan
 
Sulphonamides, mechanisms and their uses
Sulphonamides, mechanisms and their usesSulphonamides, mechanisms and their uses
Sulphonamides, mechanisms and their usesVijayaLaxmi84
 
Grade Three -ELLNA-REVIEWER-ENGLISH.pptx
Grade Three -ELLNA-REVIEWER-ENGLISH.pptxGrade Three -ELLNA-REVIEWER-ENGLISH.pptx
Grade Three -ELLNA-REVIEWER-ENGLISH.pptxkarenfajardo43
 
4.11.24 Poverty and Inequality in America.pptx
4.11.24 Poverty and Inequality in America.pptx4.11.24 Poverty and Inequality in America.pptx
4.11.24 Poverty and Inequality in America.pptxmary850239
 
Decoding the Tweet _ Practical Criticism in the Age of Hashtag.pptx
Decoding the Tweet _ Practical Criticism in the Age of Hashtag.pptxDecoding the Tweet _ Practical Criticism in the Age of Hashtag.pptx
Decoding the Tweet _ Practical Criticism in the Age of Hashtag.pptxDhatriParmar
 
How to Manage Buy 3 Get 1 Free in Odoo 17
How to Manage Buy 3 Get 1 Free in Odoo 17How to Manage Buy 3 Get 1 Free in Odoo 17
How to Manage Buy 3 Get 1 Free in Odoo 17Celine George
 
The role of Geography in climate education: science and active citizenship
The role of Geography in climate education: science and active citizenshipThe role of Geography in climate education: science and active citizenship
The role of Geography in climate education: science and active citizenshipKarl Donert
 
MS4 level being good citizen -imperative- (1) (1).pdf
MS4 level   being good citizen -imperative- (1) (1).pdfMS4 level   being good citizen -imperative- (1) (1).pdf
MS4 level being good citizen -imperative- (1) (1).pdfMr Bounab Samir
 
Indexing Structures in Database Management system.pdf
Indexing Structures in Database Management system.pdfIndexing Structures in Database Management system.pdf
Indexing Structures in Database Management system.pdfChristalin Nelson
 
ICS 2208 Lecture Slide Notes for Topic 6
ICS 2208 Lecture Slide Notes for Topic 6ICS 2208 Lecture Slide Notes for Topic 6
ICS 2208 Lecture Slide Notes for Topic 6Vanessa Camilleri
 
An Overview of the Calendar App in Odoo 17 ERP
An Overview of the Calendar App in Odoo 17 ERPAn Overview of the Calendar App in Odoo 17 ERP
An Overview of the Calendar App in Odoo 17 ERPCeline George
 
PART 1 - CHAPTER 1 - CELL THE FUNDAMENTAL UNIT OF LIFE
PART 1 - CHAPTER 1 - CELL THE FUNDAMENTAL UNIT OF LIFEPART 1 - CHAPTER 1 - CELL THE FUNDAMENTAL UNIT OF LIFE
PART 1 - CHAPTER 1 - CELL THE FUNDAMENTAL UNIT OF LIFEMISSRITIMABIOLOGYEXP
 

Recently uploaded (20)

DiskStorage_BasicFileStructuresandHashing.pdf
DiskStorage_BasicFileStructuresandHashing.pdfDiskStorage_BasicFileStructuresandHashing.pdf
DiskStorage_BasicFileStructuresandHashing.pdf
 
ClimART Action | eTwinning Project
ClimART Action    |    eTwinning ProjectClimART Action    |    eTwinning Project
ClimART Action | eTwinning Project
 
Introduction to Research ,Need for research, Need for design of Experiments, ...
Introduction to Research ,Need for research, Need for design of Experiments, ...Introduction to Research ,Need for research, Need for design of Experiments, ...
Introduction to Research ,Need for research, Need for design of Experiments, ...
 
Q-Factor General Quiz-7th April 2024, Quiz Club NITW
Q-Factor General Quiz-7th April 2024, Quiz Club NITWQ-Factor General Quiz-7th April 2024, Quiz Club NITW
Q-Factor General Quiz-7th April 2024, Quiz Club NITW
 
Mythology Quiz-4th April 2024, Quiz Club NITW
Mythology Quiz-4th April 2024, Quiz Club NITWMythology Quiz-4th April 2024, Quiz Club NITW
Mythology Quiz-4th April 2024, Quiz Club NITW
 
Q-Factor HISPOL Quiz-6th April 2024, Quiz Club NITW
Q-Factor HISPOL Quiz-6th April 2024, Quiz Club NITWQ-Factor HISPOL Quiz-6th April 2024, Quiz Club NITW
Q-Factor HISPOL Quiz-6th April 2024, Quiz Club NITW
 
Faculty Profile prashantha K EEE dept Sri Sairam college of Engineering
Faculty Profile prashantha K EEE dept Sri Sairam college of EngineeringFaculty Profile prashantha K EEE dept Sri Sairam college of Engineering
Faculty Profile prashantha K EEE dept Sri Sairam college of Engineering
 
Shark introduction Morphology and its behaviour characteristics
Shark introduction Morphology and its behaviour characteristicsShark introduction Morphology and its behaviour characteristics
Shark introduction Morphology and its behaviour characteristics
 
Sulphonamides, mechanisms and their uses
Sulphonamides, mechanisms and their usesSulphonamides, mechanisms and their uses
Sulphonamides, mechanisms and their uses
 
Grade Three -ELLNA-REVIEWER-ENGLISH.pptx
Grade Three -ELLNA-REVIEWER-ENGLISH.pptxGrade Three -ELLNA-REVIEWER-ENGLISH.pptx
Grade Three -ELLNA-REVIEWER-ENGLISH.pptx
 
4.11.24 Poverty and Inequality in America.pptx
4.11.24 Poverty and Inequality in America.pptx4.11.24 Poverty and Inequality in America.pptx
4.11.24 Poverty and Inequality in America.pptx
 
Decoding the Tweet _ Practical Criticism in the Age of Hashtag.pptx
Decoding the Tweet _ Practical Criticism in the Age of Hashtag.pptxDecoding the Tweet _ Practical Criticism in the Age of Hashtag.pptx
Decoding the Tweet _ Practical Criticism in the Age of Hashtag.pptx
 
prashanth updated resume 2024 for Teaching Profession
prashanth updated resume 2024 for Teaching Professionprashanth updated resume 2024 for Teaching Profession
prashanth updated resume 2024 for Teaching Profession
 
How to Manage Buy 3 Get 1 Free in Odoo 17
How to Manage Buy 3 Get 1 Free in Odoo 17How to Manage Buy 3 Get 1 Free in Odoo 17
How to Manage Buy 3 Get 1 Free in Odoo 17
 
The role of Geography in climate education: science and active citizenship
The role of Geography in climate education: science and active citizenshipThe role of Geography in climate education: science and active citizenship
The role of Geography in climate education: science and active citizenship
 
MS4 level being good citizen -imperative- (1) (1).pdf
MS4 level   being good citizen -imperative- (1) (1).pdfMS4 level   being good citizen -imperative- (1) (1).pdf
MS4 level being good citizen -imperative- (1) (1).pdf
 
Indexing Structures in Database Management system.pdf
Indexing Structures in Database Management system.pdfIndexing Structures in Database Management system.pdf
Indexing Structures in Database Management system.pdf
 
ICS 2208 Lecture Slide Notes for Topic 6
ICS 2208 Lecture Slide Notes for Topic 6ICS 2208 Lecture Slide Notes for Topic 6
ICS 2208 Lecture Slide Notes for Topic 6
 
An Overview of the Calendar App in Odoo 17 ERP
An Overview of the Calendar App in Odoo 17 ERPAn Overview of the Calendar App in Odoo 17 ERP
An Overview of the Calendar App in Odoo 17 ERP
 
PART 1 - CHAPTER 1 - CELL THE FUNDAMENTAL UNIT OF LIFE
PART 1 - CHAPTER 1 - CELL THE FUNDAMENTAL UNIT OF LIFEPART 1 - CHAPTER 1 - CELL THE FUNDAMENTAL UNIT OF LIFE
PART 1 - CHAPTER 1 - CELL THE FUNDAMENTAL UNIT OF LIFE
 

Contribution of Akbar and his successors

  • 1. -Contribution of Akbar and his successors . GROUP -2
  • 2.  Due to central location of Agra, Akbar made this as his capital.  Akbar’s historian, Abdul Fazal, recorded that this was a brick fort known as ‘Badalgarh’,built by the Lodhis. It was in a ruined condition and Akbar had it rebuilt with red sandstone from Barauli area in Rajasthan.  Some 4,000 builders worked on it daily for eight years, completing it in 1573.
  • 3.
  • 4.  AKBARI MAHAL  AKBAR’S BAOLI  JAHANGIR MAHAL  TAH KHANA  SHAHI HAMMAM  MINA BAZAR
  • 6.  DIWAN-I-KHAS  KHAS MAHAL  GOLDEN PAVILLIONS  MACHCHI BHAWAN  MINA MASJID  SHAH JAHAN’S APARTMENT  ANGURI BAGH  MUSSAMAN BURJ  PACHISI COURT  MARBLETHRONE  NAGINA MASJID  SHISH MAHAL  MOTI MASJID
  • 7.  AMAR SINGH GATE  CHITTOR GATE  DELHI GATE  SHAH JAHANI GATE  GHAZNI GATE
  • 8.
  • 9.  The southern gateway or the ‘Amar Singh Gate’ was originally known as 'Akbar Darwaza’.  The gate shares architectural traits with the Delhi Gate such as having a drawbridge over the moat, dangerous diversions at the entrance and a high ramp paved with bricks.  It is flanked by two bastions.
  • 10.  After entering the southern gate , one faces a tall multi storied gate of red sandstone on the eastern side.  It has a small pointed arch entrance. The gate is built over a high plinth with a rectangular small platform supported on stone brackets.  The arch is outline by white marble inlay work of geometrical design.
  • 11.  There is a wide stone approach with strips .  This double gate with interior platform on both sides and double arches as the typical features of Shah Jahan’s monuments.  The facade of the gate has series of deep rectangular blind niches.The top is covered with rectangular large panels flanked by solid turrets and crowned by tall stone finials.
  • 12.  This impressive gate is pierced in the western wall of the machhi bahwan .  Originally this fine gate was meant for the private approach of ladies to this place.  Now, it is provided with bronze chittor gates, brought from Hill Fort of Chittorgarh as a trophy by emperor Akbar who captured the fort in 1568.
  • 13.
  • 14.  The Delhi gate was the principal gateway of the fort and hence it was designed most monumentally.The gate was served as the ‘Naubat Khana’ where ceremonial music was played at fixed timings.  The bastions are octagonal in plan and double storied and are crowned by a ‘chhatri’ each.  The bastions are beautifully designed and ornamented with colored marble inlay work.  Beautifully designed ‘jaalis’ have been used on the balustrade of the balconies.
  • 15.  The gate belonged to the mausoleum of Mahmud as is evident from Arabic Kufic inscription.  The arch is designed purely on Islamic pattern.
  • 16.
  • 17.  It is situated at the southeast corner at the northern alignment of Jahangiri Mahal in Agra fort, overlooking the river are the remains of the Akbari Mahal.  This is the oldest building of the fort, being contemporary to the stepped well ‘baoli’ and the rampart walls.  The portico opened in the spacious rectangular courtyard paved with red sandstone slabs.  The courtyard was surrounded by large living rooms and a double storied pavilion.
  • 18.
  • 19.  These were the stepped wells meant for the supply of water and were also used as retreats for the inmates from the heat of summer.  It is located near Bengali burj.  It was purely utilitarian with shaft size of the well being 8m in diameter and 25 m in depth.  For convenience a stairway leaves down to the water level.
  • 20.
  • 21.  The mahal was the principal zenana(palace for women belonging to the royal household,mainly used by the rajput wives of akbar.It is a blend of hindu and persian architecture.  Most striking aspect of the building is the exquisite surface ornamentation including marble inlay and intricate geometric and floralThe large facade of the palace is most remarkable for its projecting portico whose lotus parapet is decorated with beautiful merlon in relief, patterns.
  • 22.  Rectangular opening with carved panels and projecting balconies supported on circular pillars, elegant brackets with Bengal slanting roofs on both sides of the deep pointed shapely arch where decoration with marble lined niches and six pointed stars.  The upper parts of the beautifully carved brackets are decorated with parrots and other birds.  The upper storey is composed a of series of fine arches, central projecting balcony and overshadowed by chajjas or eaves.
  • 23.  This circular bowl-shaped monolithic tank (hauz) is 5 feet high, 8 feet in diameter and 25 feet in circumference at the rim.  It has stairs on the internal and external sides.  It is curved out of a single stone and was used as a container for fragrant rose water.
  • 24.  Mina bazar is a female handicraft market in agra fort in Akbar’s reign .  This is called fancy bazar where the royal ladies of the mughal nobility displayed and sold their goods particularly, gems , jewellery, embroidered clothes.  It is said that Emperor Jahangir liked Mehrun Nisa ,later Noor Jahan Begum in this market who later became the most powerful and favorite queen of Jahangir’s empire.
  • 25.
  • 26.  Black throne of Jahangir  Prince Salim rebelled against his father Akbar in 1602 and made his seat of official activities at Allahabad .  He got this throne made of black touch stone.  After his accession Jahangir brought it at Agra and placed it on the terrace of Diwan-I-Khas.  The throne is very black and shiny.This monolithic throne is 3.3m long and 2.8 m broad.
  • 27.
  • 28.
  • 29.  The Diwan-i-Aam or Hall of Public Audience originally consisted of a square courtyard surrounded by colonnades and the hall on the eastern side.  Its façade is formed of an arcade of 9 cusp arches with double pillars between each arch and a group of 4 at each corner, thus making 40 pillars in all.  Although the structure is sandstone, it was probably originally covered with an overlay of shell plaster, ivory polished, the technical procedure carried out by artisans from Rajputana region.
  • 30.  It is present in the east wall of Diwan-i-Aam.  It is richly ornamented by inlaid colorful marble with a trefoil arched ornate façade.  The arch is finely decorated with pietra dura works.
  • 31.  Diwan-i-Khas or Hall of Private Audience was used by the emperor for the reception of important guests .  Constructed in 1635, it had two halls and the interior hall was known asTambi khana.  Open on three sides, one can enter it through five arched openings supported on double columns.  It had no chhatris over the parapet.  The inner hall has beautiful jhalis, gracefully designed and finished with floral patterns
  • 32.  Emperor Shah Jahan has suspended a golden chain of justice for listening to the grievances of the people for providing justice in the hall .
  • 33.  Shah Jahan constructed the Khas Mahal which was called ‘Aramgah-I-Mualla’ (the exalted place of rest).  The building comprises open terraces and a hall, flanked by a pavilion on either side serving as partitions.  The structure is erected on a sufficiently elevated platform paved with marble.  It is the royal pace of the emperor,splendidly set the harem complex which includes curtain walls elegant tanks ,fountains and a water fall.
  • 34.  The main palace consists of a central hall with alcoves and rooms on sides and a large ’dalan’.  On its front facing an open platform with tank and fountains overlooking the garden ,now called the ’Anguri bagh’.  It has a delightful setting ,reflecting the fine aesthetic sense of Shah Jahan.
  • 35.
  • 36.  On the either side of Khas Mahal is an oblong pavilion with bangla roofs and curvrd ‘chhajjas’.  The pavilions are constructed of red sandstone which were exquisitely plastered over with marble and shell plaster,shining like white marble.  The pavilions are fancifully ,though wrongly called Jahan Ara and Roshan Ara appartments.  These pavilions are divided into vertical sections each one bearing a trefoil arch .
  • 37.  The large rectangular court measuring about 67.6m by 52m in front of the khas mahal is the garden laid out in the Char Bagh pattern with small hexagonal grids of red sandstone, now called Anguri Bagh.  Most probably grapes were grown in this garden which gave the present name. At the center of the garden there is a small water tank with a fountain.  It is persian influence.
  • 38.  It is a marble balcony stands at the back of Diwan-i-Am, has spacious court with a series of flat roofed chambers enclosed in front by arcades of Indo –Islamic styles.  Originally the court was adorned with marble tanks and fountains in which gold and silver fish were kept which provided amusement for emperor.  Its upper floor is on a level with Diwan-I-Khas and the Nagina Masjid.
  • 39.  This small mosque was built in white marble by Shah Jahan for the use of his own and his selected royal ladies.  It is situated in the southwest of the Diwan-I- Khas and to the south of Machhi Bhawan.  Built in marble , it has a small open court in front of three arched prayer chamber.
  • 40.  The royal apartments of Shah Jahan are situated to the south of the white marble Khas Mahal set transitionally between the two major residential complexes of two different periods.  The interior constructed in Lakhauri bricks and sandstone veneering with white stuccoed in fine lime plaster which is colorfully painted with vegetal motifs.  The entire palace originally glittered like white marble.
  • 41.
  • 42.  It is an octagonal tower standing close to the Shah Jahan's private hall Diwan-e-Khas.  Shah Jahan was imprisoned in the Mussamman Burj by his son Aurangzeb, and spent his final years in this tower, looking out across theYamuna river to his beloved Mumtaz laid to rest in theTaj Mahal.  The Musamman Burj is made of delicate marble lattices with ornamental niches so that the ladies of the court could gaze out unseen.The decoration of the walls is pietra dura.The chamber has a marble dome on top and is surrounded by a verandah with a beautiful carved fountain in the center.  The dome is gilded in gold on copper sheets.
  • 43.  It is situated to the lower storey of Musamman Burj , measuring 13.5 m by 10 m paved with marble octagon representing the pattern similar to a ‘pachisi board’ or Indian backgammon.  It is an ornamental cover for the drains below .It drains water out of the palace.  All sides are enclosed by superb marble screens exquisite in geometric design through which royal ladies might have viewed the sports of elephant fights etc..
  • 44.  Rectangular in shape, this white marble throne is remarkable for construction and its history.  The large slab is supported on four marble legs carved out of a single block and stands on a white marble slab measuring 15 inches .  A wooden bejeweled throne was placed over this marble slab and occupied by the Emperor during summer.
  • 45.  The beautiful small mosque is situated at the north west corner of the Machhi Bhawan at the level of Diwan-I-Khas overlooking the large court of the Diwan-I-Am.  It was built in 1635-36.  This rectangular prayer chamber is two bay deep with three arched opening in the façade.  The chajja protecting the façade is curved in the midle above the central arch and parapet(including the bengali influence).  The structure is surmounted by three bulbous Mughal domes crowned by lotus petal and ‘kalash’ with metallic finials.
  • 46.  It is built on an elevated ground sloping from west to east just in front of the north gateways of Diwan-I- Khas.  The structure is externally made of red sandstone but the entire interior is finished with white marble.  It is a single quadrangle mosque within a central courtyard .The arcaded cloisters on the northern,eastern,southern sides with a beautiful gateway .The cloisters are built with typically Shah Jahani pillars and engrailed arches.  There are octagonal towers attached to the corners which are surmounted by corresponding ‘chattris’.  The mosque have the main entrance on the river side.
  • 47.
  • 48.  To the north east corner of the court in the lower storey is situated the illustrious building ’Shish Mahal’(palace of mirror) which is so named because of the fine profuse embellishment of mirror on the arches, walls and the ceilings with irregular geometric and floral patterns in thick stucco relief work covering the walls and ceilings.  This creates a picturesque scene when lighted with candle.  It was constructed in 1637 and served as the luxurious bath of the Khas Mahal.  The bath comprises of two chambers ;the inner chamber has apsidal ends and a marble tank with a fountain and the second chamber also has similar tank.  The glass mosiac consist of stucco relief in the form of ‘guldasta’ with natural leaves and flowers emitting magnificently out of the typically indian ‘kalasha’ which produces a gorgeously superb effect.
  • 49.
  • 50.  World Heritage Series-AGRA FORT (ARCHAEOLOGICAL SURVEY OF INDIA)