Water Stewardship


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Water Stewardship

  1. 1. Water Stewardship Workshop Michael Spencer Water Stewardship Australia John Langford Asia-Pacific ISDC representative Julia Seddon Inghams Enterprises
  2. 2. Agenda • The problem water stewardship is addressing • Development of International Standard • Next steps • Discussion 2
  3. 3. The world is worried about water 18/03/2014 3 Source: World Economic Forum
  4. 4. Growing concern risk could be realised 18/03/2014 4 Source: World Economic Forum
  5. 5. Australian concern about water 18/03/2014 5 Leviston et al 2014 CSIRO
  6. 6. Business risks associated with water Physical risk Reputational risk Financial risk Regulatory risk 18/03/2014 6
  7. 7. Features of a stewardship system Standard-Setting Verification Traceability Capacity Building Organisations  Stakeholders Standard-Setter Accreditation Body Certification Body Traceability System Label Producer/ Enterprise Manufacturer Retailer Consumer Capacity Building Communications
  8. 8. Theory of change 18/03/2014 8 Civil society organization goals Public sector agency goals Business value Ecosystems & species Social & cultural wellbeing Human health Economic activity Ecosystems & species Social & cultural wellbeing Human health Economic activity Water flow regime Catchment governance Water quality Important sites & values Infrastructure Water quantity management Governance engagement Water quality management Management of sites and values Infrastructure maintenance Water quantity management Focussed on achieving key, catchment- related goals… Enterprise actions… Which are of importance to stakeholders Have multiple impacts…
  9. 9. Water stewardship: Definition Water Stewardship definition The use of water that is socially equitable, environmentally sustainable and economically beneficial, achieved through a stakeholder-inclusive process that involves site- and catchment-based actions. © Shirley Plowright
  10. 10. The international water stewardship standard Professor John Langford Asia Pacific representative ISDC 18/03/2014 11
  11. 11. AWS Standard: Development journey The journey so far 2008 – Formation of AWS 2010 – Launch of Water Roundtable 2011 – Formation of ISDC 2012 – Release of first draft AWS Standard 2013 – Release and testing of Beta AWS Standard
  12. 12. AWS Standard (ISDC)
  13. 13. AWS Standard
  15. 15. Site based action, catchment context AWS Standard application  Site/facility Directly influenced stakeholders (e.g.)  Forestry  Crops  Livestock  Water services to communities Also affected  Energy
  16. 16. ISO process-based approach 18/03/2014 17
  17. 17. Three levels 18/03/2014 18
  18. 18. Core and advanced criteria 18/03/2014 19
  19. 19. Care and advanced criteria (continued) 18/03/2014 20
  20. 20. Hierarchy of documents International Water Stewardship Standard Guidance Terms and Definitions 18/03/2014 21 Verification System
  21. 21. Beta AWS Standard: field trails South Africa: Mining & agriculture China: Chemicals & hospitality Brazil: Water utility USA / Canada: Cement, power, pulp & paper, oil & gas India Irrigation (PIM) Peru: Export agriculture Europe: EWS certification processes Australia: Food processing Mexico: Beverage
  22. 22. AWS: Model from 2014 A stakeholder-endorsed and globally-consistent system for CAPACITY- BUILDING VERIFICATION MEMBERSHIP AWS Standard  Managing water risk  Building stewardship capacity  Recognizing and rewarding good performance.  Building consensus on priorities
  23. 23. Step-wise approach to uptake 18/03/2014 24 Information Training Self- assessment Verification Certification
  24. 24. Next steps Moving from development to implementation Global marketing and promotion from April Verification process model (April) Training system (May) Verification trial period to end 2014 Global governance (2014) 18/03/2014 25
  25. 25. More information Alliance for Water Stewardship: http://www.allianceforwaterstewardship.org/ Water Stewardship Australia: http://waterstewardship.org.au/ 26
  26. 26. Case study: Cleaner production China CONTEXT  Chemical production  Close to Yangtze River CATCHMENT ISSUES  Water quality: cumulative industrial impacts EXPECTED BENEFITS  Improved efficiencies in a new production facility  Reduced reputation risk through improved stakeholder relations  Contributions to natural infrastructure SITE CHALLENGES  Water balance: Data availability  Stakeholder relations
  27. 27. Case study: Agriculture in Peru 2828 CONTEXT  Asparagus production in Peru’s dry coastal belt  Peru is the world’s largest fresh asparagus exporter SITE CHALLENGES  Multitude of Standards and audit requirements  Meeting buyer requirements BENEFITS  Improved capacity to understand & manage water risk  Replication amongst other growers, other crops (e.g. avocado)  Staying ahead of buyer expectations/demands (e.g. European retailers) CATCHMENT ISSUES  Balancing demand, export earnings and catchment sustainability
  28. 28. 2929 Case study: Mining in South Africa CONTEXT  Mining site with sever environmental degradation  Impacts Orange &Limpopo Basins  Urbanisation - close to Jo’burg CATCHMENT ISSUES  Water quality: AMD (ground & surface water contamination)  Uranium contamination EXPECTED BENEFITS  Collective problem solving through understanding of shared risk SITE CHALLENGES  Water quality: contaminated run-off tailings dams  Stakeholder relations: Moving from conflict to cooperation in a highly contested political setting
  29. 29. 3030 Case study: Participatory Irrigation Management in Gujarat, India CONTEXT  Command area of the 3 irrigation systems  Recent improvements in livelihoods CATCHMENT ISSUES  Water balance: Ground water depletion EXPECTED BENEFITS  Boost the development of suitable local governance mechanisms  Outcomes could be replicated and inform policy- making COMMUNITY CHALLENGES  Inadequate surface water for irrigation  Drinking water supply under threat  Balancing improved livelihoods with resource constraints Partners Hindustan Unilever Foundation Development Support Centre Deloitte
  30. 30. AWS Standard: Structure 31 1. GOVERNANCE 2. BALANCE 3. QUALITY 4. IWRAs 31
  31. 31. Foundations of water stewardship system 32 The system is based on the proposal that if these key elements meet agreed performance levels, then catchment sustainability and the associated economic, cultural and environmental benefits can be achieved Water Stewardship Principles Water Balance (flow) Water Quality Water Governance Important Water Related Sites and Values
  32. 32. Water stewardship: Definition 3333 The use of water that is socially equitable, environmentally sustainable and economically beneficial, achieved through a stakeholder-inclusive process that involves site- and catchment-based actions.