Collective forest tenure
Collective Forest tenure reform in china
          reform in china


             !"#$%&'"(
     ...
contents

!   Why collective forest tenure reform?
!   What’s the content?
!   What we have done?
!   What’s the result?
!...
Forest statistics

• Forest cover
18.21%
• Total forest land
area: 174.91million
hectares.
• Standing wood
volume: 13,618
...
Basic information
!   Forest cover 8.6% to 18.21%
!   Plantation area.
!   1990s large scale mountain
    greening program...
Forest Tenure in China

!   Two land ownership types
!   State-owned forest land
    --42.45% forest area and 42.16% volum...
Why collective forest reform?

!   History
     --before 1978,planning economy
    --after 1978,forest land contracting
  ...
Tenure is one of the right thing
Reform background

!   Harmonize society
    construction
!   New countryside
!   To Meet forest product
    demand
Reform contents
!     Goal
    --increase forest resources
    --increase farmers’ income
    --good environment
    --har...
1.Giving land use
right to farmers
2.Authorizeing
legal right to use
forest resources
3.Disposing right
4.Safeguarding benefit
   from forest land
Status quo

!   28 provinces have issued documents on
    advancing this reform
!   30 provinces have designated organizat...
What’s the result?
!   90% farmers satisfied with
    the reform
!   “Three worrying” doesn’t
    emerge
!   Positive aspe...
Forestry Share in Household Revenue (1)

         %!!!!
         $"!!!
         $!!!!
                                    ...
Forestry Share in Household Revenue (2)

     "!


      *


      )


      (


      '


 ,    &


      %


      $


 ...
Employment
Harmonious society
Why success?
!   Government support.
!   Respecting people’s will.
!   Advancing the reform
    according to law.
!   Care...
Secretary general visits economic tree in Jiangxi province
let people decide
plan,trainning
Reform in different way
!"#$$%&'%


!   From natural forest to
    plantation??
!   Forest fragmentation??
!   Income increase??
What we are doing

!   Conference on forestry reform will be organized.
!   Policies
-   --farmers cooperative
-   --cutti...
Thanks for your attention!


             shuxin8608@yahoo.com.cn

            The department of policy and law,

        ...
Li Shuxin: Collective Forest Tenure Reform In China
Li Shuxin: Collective Forest Tenure Reform In China
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Li Shuxin: Collective Forest Tenure Reform In China

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Day 2, Session 2: Tenure reform - Experiences and lessons from other countries

Presentation by Li Shuxin, Policy Division Chief, Department of Policy and Law, State Forestry Administration, People's Republic of China

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Li Shuxin: Collective Forest Tenure Reform In China

  1. 1. Collective forest tenure Collective Forest tenure reform in china reform in china !"#$%&'"( Li shuxin )**+,*-,)-./01&(23 2009-5-25,Yaounde
  2. 2. contents ! Why collective forest tenure reform? ! What’s the content? ! What we have done? ! What’s the result? ! What have we learned? ! What we are doing now?
  3. 3. Forest statistics • Forest cover 18.21% • Total forest land area: 174.91million hectares. • Standing wood volume: 13,618 million cubic meters •The stand volume per hectare 84.73 cubic meters
  4. 4. Basic information ! Forest cover 8.6% to 18.21% ! Plantation area. ! 1990s large scale mountain greening programe, some provinces “eradicate” barren land ! 1998-six key projects were launched.
  5. 5. Forest Tenure in China ! Two land ownership types ! State-owned forest land --42.45% forest area and 42.16% volume; --Managed by state forest enterprises and farms ! Collective --57.55% area and 57.84% volume --Diversified models of forest management
  6. 6. Why collective forest reform? ! History --before 1978,planning economy --after 1978,forest land contracting to farmer—taking back ! Problem --Low productivity. --Farmers have low interests in forest. --Rigid policies
  7. 7. Tenure is one of the right thing
  8. 8. Reform background ! Harmonize society construction ! New countryside ! To Meet forest product demand
  9. 9. Reform contents ! Goal --increase forest resources --increase farmers’ income --good environment --harmonious society ! Tasks(2008-2012) --Giving 70ys forest land use right to farmers --Issuing forest certificate by government --Adjusting policies (e.g. cutting quote policies, reducing fees and taxes, financial support etc.) --From Document on advancing collective forest tenure reform,2008
  10. 10. 1.Giving land use right to farmers
  11. 11. 2.Authorizeing legal right to use forest resources
  12. 12. 3.Disposing right
  13. 13. 4.Safeguarding benefit from forest land
  14. 14. Status quo ! 28 provinces have issued documents on advancing this reform ! 30 provinces have designated organizations responsible for the reform. ! 5 provinces have finished first-step reform. ! 15 provinces are putting forward all the way after piloting, the others are under experiment
  15. 15. What’s the result? ! 90% farmers satisfied with the reform ! “Three worrying” doesn’t emerge ! Positive aspects --Incentive motivated --Forests increased --Farmers’ income increased --Community harmonizes --Strengthen the ties between government and farmers
  16. 16. Forestry Share in Household Revenue (1) %!!!! $"!!! $!!!! /0123 &'() #"!!! )/)4(- #!!!! (-3,5'60'32 "!!! */327038 ! $!!! $!!! $!!" $!!" *'+,() +,()-., *'+,() +,()-., Resource: Professor xu jintao,Peking university,2007
  17. 17. Forestry Share in Household Revenue (2) "! * ) ( ' , & % $ # " ! #!!!+ #!!&+ -./012 3012450
  18. 18. Employment
  19. 19. Harmonious society
  20. 20. Why success? ! Government support. ! Respecting people’s will. ! Advancing the reform according to law. ! Careful designing the reform ! advancing reform in light of realities of specific regions. ! Right time
  21. 21. Secretary general visits economic tree in Jiangxi province
  22. 22. let people decide
  23. 23. plan,trainning
  24. 24. Reform in different way
  25. 25. !"#$$%&'% ! From natural forest to plantation?? ! Forest fragmentation?? ! Income increase??
  26. 26. What we are doing ! Conference on forestry reform will be organized. ! Policies - --farmers cooperative - --cutting system reform - --improve compensation standards - --investment in forest infrastructure - --monetary initiative ! Forest law revising
  27. 27. Thanks for your attention! shuxin8608@yahoo.com.cn The department of policy and law, SFA,P.R.C

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